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Name 3 things Nationalists use to define nations

Name 3 things Nationalists use to define nations

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Name 3 things Nationalists use to define nations

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  1. Name 3 things Nationalists use to define nations language, ethnicity, history, culture

  2. What kind of people did liberals tend to be? Wealthy, educated & excluded

  3. Who did liberals want to deny representation to? Why? lower classes, unfit for rep (nothing special about them)

  4. What kind of people were usually conservatives? aristocratic monarchists (people who had power in the old pre-french rev system)

  5. Name 3 ideals the Liberals took from the Enlightenment. Free press, religious tolerance, equality before the law, unrestricted economy

  6. Name 2 factors that contributed to the rise of the proletariat. • wage labor market, end of guilds, no longer controlled means of production

  7. What was the purpose of the Six Acts? Make it easier to repress the reform demanders in GB

  8. Who were the Burchenshaften? What happened to them? Student Nationalist groups in Germany banned by Metternich & Carlsbad Decrees

  9. Identify the three major ways that workers sought to improve their conditions in the early 1800’s. • socialism, chartism, labor unions

  10. Who was the pioneer of socialism? Who did he believe should control the means of production? • Saint Simon, industrial and intellectual elites

  11. Who thought he could successfully build utopias based on textile manufacturing? Where did he succeed? Fail? • Owen, Scotland & Indiana

  12. What kind of equality were the Chartists pushing for? Name 3 parts of the Charter. • political equality; universal suffrage, salaries for Commons, no prop. req., annual elections, equal districts

  13. What was Marx’s major work? • Communist Manifesto

  14. What did Marx feel was necessary to reorganize society? Would this entity be permanent? • Dictatorship of the proletariat, no

  15. What did Marx believe would be the culminating event of history? • clash between Proletariat & Bourgeoisie, leading to a society without oppression

  16. What did the anarchists want? Why? • end to ind. & Gov’t, because ind. & gov’t limit freedom in people’s lives

  17. What were 3 general causes of the Revs. of 1848? • Hunger (bad harvests), unemployment, poor living & working conditions, political oppression

  18. How many separate revolts took place in 1848? Which was the first major uprising? • Over 50, the February Revolution in France

  19. Where were the four major revolutions of 1848? • France (Nap III), Italy (Roman Republic), Austria (Magyars & Czechs), Germany (workers and liberals)

  20. What group benefited most from the Revolutions of 1848? • Liberals (Cons brought them in to hold off poor)

  21. What impact did the Crimean war have on the Great Powers (Au. Pr., Ru. & GB)? Ended it (broke up the order of Congress of Vienna)

  22. What impact did this break up have on Germany & Italy? Allowed for their unification (since powers couldn’t unite to stop it like they had in the past)

  23. Who did Cavour secure help from in Piedmont’s fight against Austria? Napoleon III (France)

  24. What priorities did Garibaldi demonstrate when he turned over Southern Italy to Cavour (the monarchist)? nationalism over republicanism

  25. Bismarck wanted unification by ____ & ____, which symbolized what? blood & iron, war & industrial strength

  26. How did Bismarck use war with France to complete unification? • brought in support from the Southern States

  27. How did Great Britain slowly change in the 1800’s to avoid revolution? • became increasingly democratic (series of reform bills)

  28. Which Tsar tried to bring modernization and reform to Russia in the 1860’s & 1870’s? What happened to him? • Alexander II, assassinated

  29. How did the realists want to portray life? • as it actually was in order to shock the bourgeoisie

  30. Name three kinds of horrid conditions that the new urban cities faced. • disease, overcrowding, crime, sanitation, prostitution

  31. Name two developments that helped solve these problems in the late 1800’s. • sewers, electric light, public housing

  32. What school of painters wanted to capture the entire essence of the moment? • the impressionists

  33. How did the middle class try to set themselves apart from the WC? • buying consumer goods, living in better neighborhoods, etc.

  34. What did romantic painters like Goya and Turner attempt to portray? • their emotional view of the world

  35. Name two kinds of white collar jobs that were created by the 2nd Ind Rev. • sales clerks, typists, phone operators, traveling salesmen

  36. What was the chief contribution of Louis Pasteur? • germ theory and the birth of modern medical techniques

  37. Who invented the light bulb and developed the concept of the modern industrial research laboratory? • Thomas Edison