INNOVATION IN NURSING EDUCATION CREATIVITY IS THINKING UP NEW THINGS INNOVATION IS DOING NEW THINGS - THEODORE LEVITT Jayashree ajith Professor P.G.C.O.N Gwalior
I hear and I forget.I see and I believe.I do and I understand. - Confucius The empires of the future are the empires of the mind.- Winston Churchill
INTRODUCTION The only constant feature in this world is change. While all the change may not lead to progress, there can be no progress without change. This is true for the individual, institution, organization or the country. Civilization owes its existence to change. The success or even survival of an institution or organization depends on making necessary changes.
IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION • All religions attaches great importance to knowledge and education. • When the Qur'an began to be revealed, the first word of its first verse is 'Iqra' that is, read. • A scholar (alim) is accorded great respect in the hadith. IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION • “Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man” – (Swami Vivekananda) • They are not students of our generation, where they sit down and listen. I think things have changed now; they want to explore, cut and paste.
DEFINITION Innovation is the act of • constructive thinking • grouping knowledge • skills • attitude into new • original & rational ideas. Critical thinking Imagination Plan Action Achieve objectives
DEFINITIONS: • Innovation is defined as the generation of new ideas or application of existing ideas to a new situation resulting in improvement in organization
CON..... • Innovation is the action of introducing a new method, idea or product
CHARACTERISTICS OF INNOVATION • RELATIVE ADVANTAGE: It is the degree to which the new idea is considered superior to the old one • COMPATIBILITY: It refers to the degree of congruence between the innovation and existing values,habits,past experience and need of the participant
CONT.... • TRIALABILITY: • it is the degree to which the new idea can be pretested or tried on a limited basis • OBSERVABILITY: • It refers to how visible the innovation is to participants and onlookers
NEED OF INNOVATION • INOVATION TO CENTRAL TO MAINTAINING AND IMPROVING QUALITY OF CARE 2. GROWING DEMANDS IN HEALTH SERVICES 3. GLOBAL WORKFORCE SHORTAGE
PRINCIPLES • Innovation is to analyze the opportunities or sources • Innovation is both conceptual and perceptual • It should be simple and focused • Effective innovation start small and they aim to do one specific thing • Successful innovation aim at being the best from the very beginning
READINESS TO CHANGE • Some individuals and organizations are more ready to affect changes than others. • This depends often on the degree of felt security. • In turn, it depends on the knowledge • skill • attitude • self confidence • tolerance to stress • motivation of the individuals • It also depends on the security to change. If there is optimal feeling of security , then the acceptance of change will be possible • Change is crucial. Change is a must for progress.
HANDHELD COMPUTERS IN NURSING EDUCATION • First personal digital assistant in 1996 • According to ANA (2001) all nurses need to use nursing informatics
MULTIMEDIA LEARNING PROCESS • Text • Images • Audio • Video • Animation
TRADITIONAL AND MULTIMEDIA LEARNING TRADITIONAL METHOD – A ONE WAY FLOW MULTIMEDIA LEARNING – AN INTERACTIVE LEARNING PROCESS
VIDEOCONFERENCING AND WEB BASED CONFERENCING • Connects students and educators across distance • Connects diverse student groups
E-LEARNING • Adaptation of different distance learning technologies • Self directed, active learning • Refocusing from educator to the subject
SERVICE-LEARNING • Structured learning experience that combines community service with preparation and reflection • Achieves a balance between service and learning objective
HIGH FIDELITY PATIENT SIMULATOR • Help student practice decision making and problem solving skill and to develop human interaction • Simulation is the third leg in the stool of education and science
TELE TEACHING • Online model of education-learner directly interacts with tutor • Learner oriented learning • Promotes discovery learning
MICRO TEACHING • Miniature classroom teaching • Small duration • Paying full attention to a particular unit and skill • Content reduced to one unit with a single concept
NURSING INFORMATICS • Integrates nursing science, computer science and information science in identifying, collecting, processing and managing data and information to support nursing practice, administration, education, research
NURSING MOBILE LIBRARY • Access to health care information for nurses working in remote area • To reduce the gap between the desperate need for nursing information and its availability
STAFF AND STUDENT RECRUITMENT • New methods like OSCE &OSPE • Objective because examiner use a checklist for evaluating the trainee • Structured, because every trainee sees the same problem and performs the same task in same time frame • Clinical, because the task are representative of those faced in real clinical situation
COMPUTER ASSISTANCE • Maintenance of health records • Health security card • Use of ROBOTS • Reduce error and give certitude to the clinical planning process
WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY • Nurse have immediate telephone contact with employees and with patient • Direct and accurate communication between Nurse and Physician • E.g.. In south Africa nurses uses their mobile phone to support people living with HIV/AIDS
EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE • It is combination of professional expertise with available evidence to produce practice that lead a positive outcome for client • Steps: • Identify a knowledge need and formulate an answerable clinical question • Locate the best available evidence • Critically evaluate the evidence • Integrate the evidence with patient’s unique biology, preferences and values • evaluate
TELE NURSING • Tele nursing is nursing practice that occurs through the utilization of telecommunication and includes the use of nursing knowledge, skills and abilities; the application of critical thinking and nursing judgement;and provision of nursing direction or care in specific client situation
SHARE VISION- COLLABORATIVE REFLECTION IN THE CLASS ROOM Practise in posing positive and concise question and response providers. Develop listening and communitation skills Develop self confidence Prepare for shared governence.
WEB QUEST Web Based Course ware It is an enquiry oriented activity in which most or all information used by learners is drawn from the web. Web quest focuses on using information rather to search it and to support learners thinking at the level of analysis, synthesis and evaluation.
Internet Learning Resources Googling Email Interaction and Contact Global
Simulation Simulation has been used by years. Now simulations are introducing technologies in class room. It provides realistic replications for teaching and problem solving, clinical reasoning skills in non threatening environment
CAUSES FOR NOT ATTEMPTING INNOVATION Afraid of failures; of opposition; of the unknown. Lacking adequate and correct information. Reluctant to experiment. Bound by custom & tradition. Unaware of our strengths for achievement.
Nursing innovation are key to improvement and progress in Health systems worldwide • We think of the effective teachers we have had over the years with a sense of recognition, but those who have touched our humanity we remember with a deep sense of gratitude
TEACHER THE GREATEST INNOVATOR Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. To teach is to learn twice Teachers should guide without dictating, and participate without dominating The critical factor is not class size but rather the nature of the teaching as it affects learning. LEARNING NEVER ENDS
CONCLUSION The incorporation of new technology, alone or in combination with other methods, reflects the direction of nursing education. Different types of technology are being used in today’s class rooms, laboratories, and / or clinical sites to promote more realism in the practice environment, enhance learning outcomes, and promote safe patient care environments in clinical practices. To keep up with our changing society and the technological advances in nursing practice, nurse and educators will have to be creative in develop new, innovative models of teaching.
CON... Nurse educators will also need be mindful of educational research, as these new methods are incorporated into the teaching-learning process. Nursing pratice has changed dramatically during the past decade, so has the approach to nursing education. Educators need to make certain they are informed about the possibilities of new technology, its usefulness in enhancing student education, and the progress of educational research efforts conducted to guide new models of nursing education.