1 / 29

290 likes | 482 Vues

High Performance Information Retrieval and MEMS CAD on Intel Itanium. James Demmel Mathematics and EECS UC Berkeley www.cs.berkeley.edu/~demmel/Itanium_121001.ppt Joint work with David Culler, Michael Jordan, William Kahan, Katherine Yelick, Zhaojun Bai (UC Davis). Outline.

Télécharger la présentation
## High Performance Information Retrieval and MEMS CAD on Intel Itanium

**An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation**
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.
Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only.
Download presentation by click this link.
While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

**High Performance Information Retrieval and MEMS CADon Intel**Itanium James Demmel Mathematics and EECS UC Berkeley www.cs.berkeley.edu/~demmel/Itanium_121001.ppt Joint work with David Culler, Michael Jordan, William Kahan, Katherine Yelick, Zhaojun Bai (UC Davis)**Outline**• What’s up with Millennium • Automatic performance tuning • Applications to • SUGAR – a MEMS CAD system • Information Retrieval • Future Work**Millennium**• Cluster of clusters at UC Berkeley • 309 CPU cluster in Soda Hall • Smaller clusters across campus • Made possible by Intel equipment grant • Significant other support • NSF, Sun, Microsoft, Nortel, campus • www.millennium.berkeley.edu**Millennium Usage Oct 1 – 11, 2001**100% utilization for last few days About half the jobs are parallel**Usage highlights**• AMANDA • Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array • amanda.berkeley.edu • 128 scientists from 15 universities and institutes in the U.S. and Europe. • TEMPEST • EUV lithography simulations via 3D electromagnetic scattering • cuervo.eecs.berkeley.edu/Volcano/ • study the defect printability on multilayer masks • Titanium • High performance Java dialect for scientific computing • www.cs.berkeley.edu/projects/titanium • Implementation of shared address space, and use of SSE2 • Digital Library Project • Large database of images • elib.cs.berkeley.edu/ • Used to run spectral image segmentation algorithm for clustering, search on images**Usage highlights (continued)**• CS 267 • Graduate class in parallel computing, 33 enrolled • www.cs.berkeley.edu/~dbindel/cs267ta • Homework • Disaster Response • Help find people after Sept 11, set up immediately afterwards • safe.millennium.berkeley.edu • 48K reports in database, linked to other survivor databases • MEMS CAD (MicroElectroMechanical Systems Computer Aided Design) • Tool to help design MEMS systems • Used this semester in EE 245, 93 enrolled • sugar.millennium.berkeley.edu • More later in talk • Information Retrieval • Development of faster information retrieval algorithms • www.cs.berkeley.edu/~jordan • More later in talk • Many applications are part of CITRIS**Performance Tuning**• Motivation: performance of many applications dominated by a few kernels • MEMS CAD Nonlinear ODEs Nonlinear equations Linear equations Matrix multiply • Matrix-by-matrix or matrix-by-vector • Dense or Sparse • Information retrieval by LSI Compress term-document matrix … Sparse mat-vec multiply • Information retrieval by LDA Maximum likelihood estimation … Solve linear systems • Many other examples (not all linear algebra)**Conventional Performance Tuning**• Vendor or user hand tunes kernels • Drawbacks: • Very time consuming and difficult work • Even with intimate knowledge of architecture and compiler, performance hard to predict • Must be redone for every architecture, compiler • Compiler technology often lags architecture • Not just a compiler problem: • Best algorithm may depend on input, so some tuning must occur at run-time. • Not all algorithms semantically or mathematically equivalent**Automatic Performance Tuning**• Approach: for each kernel • Identify and generate a space of algorithms • Search for the fastest one, by running them • What is a space of algorithms? • Depends on kernel and input • May vary • instruction mix and order • memory access patterns • data structures • mathematical formulation • When do we search? • Once per kernel and architecture • At compile time • At run time**Tuning pays off – ATLAS (Dongarra, Whaley)**Extends applicability of PHIPAC Incorporated in Matlab (with rest of LAPACK)**Other Automatic Tuning Projects**• FFTs and Signal Processing • FFTW (www.fftw.org) • Given dimension n of FFT, choose best implementation at runtime by assembling prebuilt kernels for small factors of n • Widely used, won 1999 Wilkinson Prize for Numerical Software • SPIRAL (www.ece.cmu.edu/~spiral) • Extensions to other transforms, DSPs • UHFFT • Extensions to higher dimension, parallelism • Special session at ICCS 2001 • Organized by Yelick and Demmel • www.ucalgary.ca/iccs • Proceedings available • Pointers to automatic tuning projects at www.cs.berkeley.edu/~yelick/iccs-tune**Search for optimal register tile sizes on Sun Ultra 10**16 registers, but 2-by-3 tile size fastest**Search for Optimal L0 block size in dense matmul**4% of versions exceed 60% of peak on Pentium II-300**Tuning Sparse matrix operations**• Sparsity • Optimizes y = A*x for a particular sparse A • Im and Yelick • Algorithm space • Different code organization, instruction mixes • Different register blockings (change data structure and fill of A) • Different cache blocking • Different number of columns of x • Different matrix orderings • Software and papers available • www.cs.berkeley.edu/~yelick/sparsity**Tuning other sparse operations**• Symmetric matrix-vector multiply A*x • Solve a triangular system of equations T-1*x • AT*A*x • Kernel of Information Retrieval via LSI • Same number of memory references as A*x • A2*x, Ak*x • Kernel of Information Retrieval used by Google • Changes calling algorithm • AT*M*A • Matrix triple product • Used in multigrid solver • …**Applications to SUGAR – a tool for MEMS CAD**• Demmel, Bai, Pister, Govindjee, Agogino, Gu, … • Input: description of MicroElectroMechanical System (as netlist) • Output: • DC, steady state, modal, transient analyses to assess behavior • CIF for fabrication • Simulation capabilities • Beams and plates (linear, nonlinear, prestressed,…) • Electrostatic forces, circuits • Thermal expansion, Couette damping • Availability • Matlab • Publicly available • www-bsac.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cfm • 249 registered users, many unregistered • Web service – M & MEMS • Runs on Millennium • sugar.millennium.berkeley.edu • Now in use in EE 245 at UCB…96 users • Lots of new features being added, including interface to measurements**Micromirror (Last, Pister)**• Laterally actuated torsionally suspended micromirror • Over 10K dof, 100 line netlist (using subnets) • DC and frequency analysis • All algorithms reduce to previous kernels**Information Retrieval**• Jordan • Collaboration with Intel team building probabilistic graphical models • Better alternatives to LSI for document modeling and search • Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) • Model documents as union of themes, each with own word distribution • Maximum likelihood fit to find themes in set of documents, classify them • Computational bottleneck is solution of enormous linear systems • One of largest Millennium users • Kernel ICA • Estimate set of sources s and mixing matrix A from samples x = A*s • New way to sample such that sources are as independent as possible • Again reduces to linear algebra kernels • Identifying influential documents • Given hyperlink patterns of documents, which are most influential? • Basis of Google (eigenvector of link matrix sparse matrix vector multiply) • Applying Markov chain and perturbation theory to assess reliability**Future Work**• Exploit Itanium Architecture • 128 (82-bit) floating pointer registers • fused multiply-add instruction • predicated instructions • rotating registers for software pipelining • prefetching instructions • three levels of cache • Tune current and wider set of kernels • Incorporate into • SUGAR • Information Retrieval • Further automate performance tuning • Generation of algorithm space generators

More Related