Common Core State Standards Chris Minnich, Executive Director Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) July 26, 2013
Common Core State Standards • Bipartisan initiative of state leaders • led by the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and National Governors Association (NGA) • developed K-12 standards in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics
College and Career Readiness: Anchor for the Common Core • Gap between high school expectations for students and what students are expected to do in college/career • Among high school graduates, only half are academically prepared for postsecondary education (Greene & Winters, 2005). • Career-readiness and college-readiness levels are very similar. • K-12 standards were back-mapped from college and career expectations.
College Remediation and Graduation Rates • Remediation rates and costs are staggering • As much as 40% of all students entering 4-year colleges need remediation in one or more courses • As much as 63% in 2-year colleges • Degree attainment rates are disappointing • Fewer than 42% of adults aged 25-34 hold college degrees Source: The College Completion Agenda 2010 Progress Report, The College Board
How the demand for skills has changedEconomy-wide measures of routine and non-routine task input (US) Mean task input as percentiles of the 1960 task distribution The dilemma of schools: The skills that are easiest to teach and test are also the ones that are easiest to digitise, automate and outsource (Levy and Murnane)
College and Career Readiness think: know: • Key Cognitive Strategies • Structure of Knowledge • Challenge Level • Value • Attribution • Effort • Problem Formulation • Research • Interpretation • Communication • Precision & Accuracy • Key Content Knowledge • Key Learning Skills and Techniques • Key Transition Knowledge and Skills go: act: • Postsecondary Awareness • Postsecondary Costs • Matriculation • Career Awareness • Role and Identity • Self-advocacy • Ownership of Learning • Learning Techniques 6 Source: Dr. David Conley, Educational Policy Improvement Center
New Assessments • Two state-led assessment consortia • Partnership for Readiness for College and Career (PARCC) • SMARTER Balanced • Federal Race to the Top (RTTT) grant of $350M + • New summative assessments used for accountability purposes in 2014-2015 school year
What will the new tests be like? • Computer-based • Beyond multiple choice • Measure what matters for college and career success • Depth of understanding and higher-order thinking skills • Provide precise, actionable information
PARCC: Grade 7 Reading and Writing Item Based on the information in the text “Biography of Amelia Earhart,” write an essay that summarizes and explains the challenges Earhart faced throughout her life. Remember to use textual evidence to support your ideas.
What are the Publishers’ Criteria? • A set of four documents intended to guide the design, evaluation, and selection of new materials or revision of existing materials • ELA/Literacy K-2 and 3-11 • Mathematics K-8 and Mathematics 9-12 • Available on www.corestandards.org and training materials available on www.achievethecore.org • Released by CCSSO, NGA, Achieve, the Council of Great City Schools and NASBE
It all boils down to. . . Texts Worth Reading and Questions Worth Answering!
Some Old Ways of Doing Business – What’s Out • A different topic every day • Every topic treated as equally important • Elementary students dipping into advanced topics at the expense of mastering fundamentals • Endless review • Reliance on rote learning at expense of concepts • Mnemonics or tricks
Indicators of Quality • Problems are worth doing • Teacher materials support teacher study • Use of manipulatives follows best practices • Materials are carefully reviewed (freedom from errors, grade-level appropriateness, freedom from bias) • Visual design isn’t distracting or chaotic • Support for English language learners is thoughtful and helps those learners to meet the same standards as all other students
Questions and Comments Chris Minnich, Executive Director Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) email@example.com www.ccsso.org/commoncore www.corestandards.org