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Land Development

Land Development

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Land Development

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  1. Bahan Kajian MK. Dinamika Pengembangan WIlayahTHE LAND DEVELOPMENT PARADIGMProf Dr Ir Soemarno MSpdip pps fpub 2011

  2. Land Development As our population increases and available land becomes more scarce, land development becomes increasingly challenging. There are more government regulations and impact fees today than ever before, plus a host of local restrictions that make development difficult. Use the resources in this section to explore land development topics like Smart As our population increases and available land becomes more scarce, land development becomes increasingly complex. There are more government regulations and fees than ever before, plus a host of local restrictions that make development more challenging. Use the resources in this section to explore land development topics such as infrastructure finance, sustainable development and Smarter Growth, discover new techniques like FPSFs, or just browse related land development materials.

  3. land development Definition Conversion of raw land into construction ready housing, commercial, or industrial building sites. Land development process involves improvements that have indefinite life, such as draining, dredging, excavating, filling, grading, paving, etc. See also land improvement.

  4. Raw Land in Batangas — Batangas City Raw land Land in its natural state, with no man-made improvements as cleaning, clearing, digging, filling, grading, etc.

  5. Development Regulations & Approval Process As the land development industry faces more development regulations and unwieldy approval procedures, ways of removing barriers are more important than ever.

  6. Green & Sustainable Development The growing trend towards green and sustainable development offers many opportunities for builders and land developers. Learn more about the issues, challenges, and solutions.

  7. Growth/No Growth While most people see Smart Growth and growth management as legitimate ways to help communities make sound decisions about growth, some see it as a way to limit growth. Learn more about the growth debate here.

  8. Infrastructure Finance & Fees A growing reliance on impact fees is pushing up the cost of housing in many communities. But innovative alternatives are available to forward-thinking jurisdictions. . Rumah Bogor KPR BTN, BCA, BNI, Mandiri .

  9. Livable Communities Accessible design or universal design is about creating a home for all, regardless of age or ability. Model Cluster permukiman dengan universal design Foto . Marno-2011

  10. LAND DEVELOPMENT • Land development refers to altering the landscape in any number of ways such as: • changing landforms from a natural or semi-natural state for a purpose such as agriculture or housing • subdividing real estate into lots, typically for the purpose of building homes • developing property or changing its purpose, for example by converting an unused factory complex into condominiums

  11. Smarter Growth With our population growing and land resources limited, planning for future growth is more important than ever. That’s why Smarter Growth is essential. Pembangunan jembatan dapat mengarahkan perkembangan wilayah kota Foto . Marno-2011

  12. Climate Change Communities across the country as well as the Federal government are considering legislation and regulations to address this issue. NAHB is staying on top of this issue through research and review of federal, state and local initiatives. National Association of Home Builder

  13. Housing Affordability The recent economic downturn has had a silver lining lower housing prices. However, many homeowners continue to struggle with the cost of housing and remain priced out of some markets. Learn the facts about housing affordability issues and solutions.

  14. Foto . Marno-2011 Kenyamanan lingkungan dan aksesibilitas menjadi pertimbangan utama dalam pengembangan permukiman

  15. Kenyamanan lingkungan udara dan keindahan “view” menjadi faktor hedonik dalam property pricing. Foto . Marno-2011

  16. A house is a home, building or structure that is a dwelling or place for habitation by human beings. The term includes many kinds of dwellings ranging from rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes to free standing individual structures. In some contexts, "house" may mean the same as dwelling, residence, home, abode, lodging, accommodation, or housing, among other meanings. The social unit that lives in a house is known as a household.

  17. A ranch style house in Salinas, California, United States

  18. Lingkungan binaan jalan raya Foto . Marno-2010

  19. Land development: Urban park and its Facilities Foto . Marno-2010

  20. Land development : Campuss green openspace Foto . Marno-2010

  21. REAL ESTATE Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with improvements to the land, such as buildings, fences, wells and other site improvements that are fixed in location—immovable. In some situations the term "real estate" refers to the land and fixtures together, as distinguished from "real property", referring to ownership of land and appurtenances, including anything of a permanent nature such as structures, trees, minerals, and the interest, benefits, and inherent rights thereof. Real property is typically considered to be Immovable property The terms real estate and real property are used primarily in common law, while civil law jurisdictions refer instead to immovable property.

  22. Residential real estate The legal arrangement for the right to occupy a dwelling is known as the housing tenure. Types of housing tenure include owner occupancy, Tenancy, housing cooperative, condominiums (individually parceled properties in a single building), public housing, squatting, and cohousing. The occupants of a residence constitute a household. Residences can be classified by, if, and how they are connected to neighboring residences and land. Different types of housing tenure can be used for the same physical type. For example, connected residents might be owned by a single entity and leased out, or owned separately with an agreement covering the relationship between units and common areas and concerns.

  23. Residential real estate • Major physical categories include: Attached / multi-unit dwellings • Apartment - An individual unit in a multi-unit building. The boundaries of the apartment are generally defined by a perimeter of locked or lockable doors. Often seen in multi-story apartment buildings. • Multi-family house - Often seen in multi-story detached buildings, where each floor is a separate apartment or unit. • Terraced house (a.k.a. townhouse or rowhouse) - A number of single or multi-unit buildings in a continuous row with shared walls and no intervening space. • Condominium - Building or complex, similar to apartments, owned by individuals. Common grounds are owned and shared jointly. There are townhouse or rowhouse style condominiums as well. • Cooperative (a.k.a. "co-op) - A type of multiple ownership in which the residents of a multiunit housing complex own shares in the cooperative corporation that owns the property, giving each resident the right to occupy a specific apartment or unit.

  24. Residential real estate Major physical categories include: Semi-detached dwellings : Duplex - Two units with one shared wall. Single-family detached home Portable dwellings : Mobile homes - Potentially a full-time residence which can be (might not in practice be) movable on wheels. Houseboats - A floating home Tents - Usually very temporary, with roof and walls consisting only of fabric-like material.

  25. CONDOMINIUM A condominium, or condo, is the form of housing tenure and other real property where a specified part of a piece of real estate (usually of an apartment house) is individually owned while use of and access to common facilities in the piece such as hallways, heating system, elevators, exterior areas is executed under legal rights associated with the individual ownership and controlled by the association of owners that jointly represent ownership of the whole piece. Colloquially, the term is often used to refer to the unit itself in place of the word "apartment". A condominium may be simply defined as an "apartment" that the resident "owns" as opposed to rents.

  26. CONDOMINIUM A condominium is a collection of individual home units along with the land upon which they sit. Individual home ownership within a condominium is construed as ownership of only the air space confining the boundaries of the home . The boundaries of that space are specified by a legal document known as a Declaration, filed of record with the local governing authority. Typically these boundaries will include the drywall surrounding a room, allowing the homeowner to make some interior modifications without impacting the common area. Anything outside this boundary is held in an undivided ownership interest by a corporation established at the time of the condominium’s creation. The corporation holds this property in trust on behalf of the homeowners as a group–-it may not have ownership itself.

  27. CONDOMINIUM A condominium consists of multi-unit dwellings (i.e., an apartment or a development) where each unit is individually owned and the common areas, such as hallways and recreational facilities, are jointly owned (usually as "tenants in common") by all the unit owners in the building. A condominium also consists of bylaws that all the home owners are supposed to follow such as indoor noise control. It is also possible for condominiums to consist of single family dwellings: so-called "detached condominiums" where homeowners do not maintain the exteriors of the dwellings, yards, etc. or "site condominiums" where the owner has more control and possible ownership (as in a "whole lot" or "lot line" condominium) over the exterior appearance. These structures are preferred by some planned neighborhoods and gated communities.

  28. The Minton Condo is a new condominium in the established residential suburb of Paya Lebar being developed by Kheng Leong. Occupies the former Minton Rise site off Lorong Ah Soo, near Serangoon Central MRT & Nex mega-mall.

  29. APARTMENT An apartment (in American English) or flat (in British English) is a self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that occupies only part of a building. Such a building may be called an apartment building or apartment house, especially if it consists of many apartments for rent. Apartments may be owned by an owner/occupier or rented by tenants (two types of housing tenure). Apartment in Bali

  30. Apartment types and characteristics Apartments can be classified into several types. In North America the typical terms are a studio or bachelor apartment (efficiency or bedsit in the UK). These all tend to be the smallest apartments with the cheapest rents in a given area. These kinds of apartment usually consist mainly of a large room which is the living, dining, and bedroom combined. There are usually kitchen facilities as part of this central room, but the bathroom is its own smaller separate room.

  31. Apartment types and characteristics Large apartments often have two entrances, perhaps a door in the front and another in the back. Depending on the building design, the entrance doors may be directly to the outside or to a common area inside, such as a hallway. Depending on location, apartments may be available for rent furnished with furniture or unfurnished into which a tenant usually moves in with their own furniture.

  32. GARDEN APARTMENT A garden apartment complex consists of low-rise apartment buildings built with landscaped grounds surrounding them. The apartment buildings are often arranged around courtyards that are open at one end. A garden apartment has some characteristics of a townhouse: each apartment has its own building entrance, or just a few apartments share a small foyer or stairwell at each building entrance. Unlike a townhouse, each apartment occupies only one level.

  33. GARDEN APARTMENT Modern garden apartment buildings are never more than three stories high, since they typically don't have elevators/lifts. However, the first "garden apartment" buildings in the United States, developed in the early 20th century, were five stories high. Some garden apartment buildings place a one-car garage under each apartment. The grounds are more landscaped than for other modestly scaled apartments.

  34. Konversi lahan sawah menjadi perumahan, terjadi di kawasan pinggiran kota Foto . Marno-2010

  35. Pembangunan kawasan pusat pasar di pinggiran kota dilakukan dnegan m,engkonversi lahan sawah irigasi yang produktif. Land development yang mengorbankan jasa-jasa lingkungan dari ekosistem sawah Foto . Marno-2011

  36. Sebagai ekosistem alam, DAS merupakan unit hidrologi (tata air) yang berperan sebagai integrator dan indikator terbaik untuk pengelolaan DAS. Integrated Land Development Project - ILD to improve land use and water management efficiency in the basin Integrated land development is a key of sustainable resource management and should be tested in a pilot project .

  37. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development Increased rates of deforestation, unsustainable agricultural land use, and severe soil degradation are creating widespread poverty and environmental degradation in developing countries. Each day; the world loses about 125 square miles of its forests. That’s 34.5 million acres or 14 million hectares every year Most of this takes place in the developing countries of the humid tropics. Reforestation efforts are limited to only about 10% of the total area and most efforts are not promising.

  38. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development Every year, the equivalent of 40 billion tons of carbon dioxide enters the global atmosphere, the result of the ever-increasing use of fossil fuels. This increase in atmospheric carbon, in combination with the loss of forests has combined to make global climate change worse.

  39. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development The adoption of sustainable agriculture is often proposed as a solution to these problems. Sustainable agriculture is concerned with agricultural practices that are economically viable, meet human needs for food, are environmentally friendly, and improve quality of life. Agroforestry is one such land use practice that maintains sustainability at its core.

  40. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development Deforestation is a major unsustainable land use practice. Yet little is being done to address its economic, environmental and ecological impact. Clear-cut logging, uncontrolled brush and forest fires, and traditional slash and burn agricultural techniques have damaged the environment as well as the agricultural resource base. Additionally, every year, reforestation efforts that intend to help communities are actually assisting in planting the wrong types of tree species, resulting in long term damage. This concerns all of us, especially the families who rely on trees for the basic necessities of life: fuel, water, food, building materials, and the air we breathe.

  41. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development Deforestation is a major unsustainable land use practice. Yet little is being done to address its economic, environmental and ecological impact. Clear-cut logging, uncontrolled brush and forest fires, and traditional slash and burn agricultural techniques have damaged the environment as well as the agricultural resource base. Additionally, every year, reforestation efforts that intend to help communities are actually assisting in planting the wrong types of tree species, resulting in long term damage. This concerns all of us, especially the families who rely on trees for the basic necessities of life: fuel, water, food, building materials, and the air we breathe.

  42. CUTTING TREES NOT BAD Cutting trees is NOT a bad thing. Trees are an important resource for everyone on earth. The problem is when people cut trees but do not replant them. Trees are cut for many reasons. Industries based on construction and making items such as furniture (beds, tables) are- always in need of valuable hardwood trees.

  43. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development CUTTING TREES NOT BAD Wood (sometimes in the form of charcoal) is the major source of cooking fuel for over half of the world (FAO 1999). Because populations and industries in every country are growing, there is always a growing pressure on forest resources. Slash-and-burn agriculture, characterized by periodic burning of the land both to get rid of weeds and to use the ash as fertilizer, is also contributing to the rapid loss of the world’s forests.

  44. Lessons In Sustainable Land Development CUTTING TREES NOT BAD Brush and forest fires not only inhibit the regeneration of tree seedlings (though some grasses, trees and shrubs have evolved the ability to regenerate after fires), they also destroy what little organic matter remains in the soil. Fires are often caused by smoking and cigarettes, unskilled beeking techniques, and uncontrolled burning of fields for cultivation and grazing.

  45. Lahan Kritis merupakan lahan yang keadaan fisiknya demikian rupa sehingga lahan tersebut tidak dapat berfungsi secara baik sesuai dengan peruntukannya sebagai media produksi maupun sebagai media tata air. OVERGRAZING IS BAD Overgrazing is another major cause of land degradation. Communities all over the world rely on animals for food, fiber, and labor. Herding animals through grazing lands, if done correctly, is a viable way to produce livestock, but it is seldom done correctly. There are always too many animals in too little space, trampling the ground and eating all of the vegetation, including tree seedlings.

  46. OVERGRAZING IS BAD While animals do leave their manure in the places they graze (contributing something positive to the soil) the overall effect of overgrazing is highly detrimental. Especially destructive are the grazing habits of goats, whose small lips (unlike those of a cow) can graze a plant or even seedling down to the soil. preventing it from resprouting. Overgrazing also results in soil erosion; stripping the most fertile top soil and with it much of the soil organic matter, further reducing the land’s productivity.

  47. Sengon kami yang ditanam 3 tahun yang lalu ,akhirnya kami jual , untuk biaya  mengembangkan kebun ini. Harga borongan, Rp.50.000/tanaman , ada 800 tanaman . Ada yang diameter 25 cm dan ada yang diameter 15 cm . SOME TREES CAUSE LONG TERM DAMAGE In the global program of Trees for the Future, we provide seeds of multi-purpose, fast-growing (MPFG) trees. In order to extend the program into many climatic zones, and to make it more beneficial to the participants, we are constantly looking for promising species, but we approach this with a great of care when making recommendations.

  48. SOME TREES CAUSE LONG TERM DAMAGE Eucalyptus trees grow rapidly into true trees at a wide range of elevations, soils, and climatic conditions. They sustainably produce fuelwood and timber suitable for many local construction needs, and they produce oil used in some medications and other products, But eucalyptus trees do not lend themselves to sustainable land management systems (Lisanework and Michelson, 1993).

  49. SOME TREES CAUSE LONG TERM DAMAGE Farmers quickly discovered that eucalyptus trees are causing problems with their roots by taking all available water and nutrients from neighboring trees and crops, and also their leaves, which blanket the ground, inhibiting new growth. Eucalyptus trees inhibit the growth of other vegetation, exposing soils to erosion, and causing lakes and ground water to disappear with their aggressive roots. . More than 4 billion Eucalyptus trees of over 150 species grow in the different climates of Brazil. .

  50. SOME TREES CAUSE LONG TERM DAMAGE Pine trees which are planted throughout much of the world for their valuable timber present a similar problem. Beneath pine trees, you will rarely find a productive understory; you tend to find a blanket of acidic needles that inhibit the growth of everything. The needles are also a great fuel for forest fires. Pine trees do have their benefits, but like eucalyptus trees, they do not lend themselves to sustainable land management systems. These trees can leave soils in much worse condition than when they were planted.