Winter Camp DBG: V.24- V.58 By: Danielle Sikora
Because of a drought, not enough corn had grown in Gaul. • Caesar allocated the army’s winter quarters to spread the legions across a greater number of states. • Caesar remained in Gaul until all the legions were fortified. • Everyone reached their winter quarters and fortified them. Drought
Revolt emerged a fortnight after the arrival in camp when Ambiorix and Catuvolcus attacked Caesar’s men. • Caesar’s men fought back and the enemy withdrew and called a parley. • Gaius Arpineius, a close friend of Sabinus, and Quintus Junius were sent to parley with them. Revolt Ambriorix
Ambiorixrevealed that he appreciated Caesar’s previous favors to him and that he assaulted the camp under the compulsion from the state. • Ambiorixpromised he would give them a safe passage through his land. Ambiorix warned Sabinus that a huge German army was coming across the Rhine and told him that they should move the men out of their winter quarters. At the Parley.. Do we trust Ambiorix?
Arpineius and Junius reported what they heard to the legates and did not know whether believe Ambiorix or not. They thought it was weird that the Eburones would make war with the Romans. • After an argument between Cotta and the centurions and Sabinus on whether they should leave camp, Sabinus’s view won • They set out at dawn, believing that Ambiorix was a true friend rather than an enemy.
After Ambiorix realized that his enemy, the Romans, had set out, he set up ambushes at two locations in the woods and awaited the Roman’s arrival. • When the Romans descended into a deep ravine, they attacked, making the Romans at a great disadvantage. Ambiorix Ambiorix Romans Romans in Trouble
Sabinus anxiously arranged his cohorts and Cotta began to secure safety for all. It was very chaotic for the unprepared Romans and many soldiers abandoned their standards. • Ambiorix’s barbarians had a strong plan and wounded many of the Romans. • Ambiorix tells Sabinus, who is very panicked, that he would not harm Sabinus. Sabinus tells the injured Cotta (hit by a stone in the face) that they should leave the battle and hold a parley with Ambiorix, but Cotta did not agree. Surprise Attack
Ambiorix • Sabinuswas surrounded and killed and Cotta died fighting with the soldier. • The remaining soldiers who had survived retreated back to their camp and that night every single one committed suicide. • This was reported to Titus Labienus and his winter quarters, by those men who had slipped away from battle and had hid in the forest. “Throw Down Your Weapons!” Romans Lose Sabinus and his troops approached Ambiorix where he was told to throw down his weapons.
Ambiorix was excited about this victory and set out with his cavalry for the land of the Aduautcito describe what had happened to them • The next day he approached the Nervi and encouraged them to fight against the Romans, specifically to attack Quintus Cicero’s withering camp. To Cicero’s Camp! Cicero Quintus Cicero
The Eburones, Nervii and Aduatuci surrounded Cicero’s camp. • Cicero sent a dispatch to Ceasar, but the messengers were intercepted. • Day after day they fought with no rest. • They are trapped and outnumbered. Eburones Cicero’s Camp Nervii Cicero Aduatuci
The Nervii encircled their camp with a 9 ft. rampart and a ditch fifteen feet wide • The Nervii used slings to fire balls of heated clay and burning darts on to the soldiers cabins, which set their camp on fire. • They fought fiercely and bravely through it. This was the hardest day The Camp Burns
Many messengers were sent to Caesar and some who were caught were tortured and put to death. • Finally Caesar got the message from a slave • Caesar marched 18 miles with Crassus and his legion and Fabius and his legion met them along the way Caesar to the Rescue!
He reached the Nervian territory. He learned of the dangerous situation at hand and sent a message to Cicero that he was there to help. • When the Gauls found out about Caesar they abandoned their siege and and set out with all their forces to Caesar. • Caesar found out about this from a message that Cicero sent and set up camp in the most advantageous position and sent out scouts. Ceasar Cicero Caesar to the Rescue!
Caesar lured the enemy into his own ground by having his troops pretend to be afraid. • This worked so that the enemy now was situated in the disadvantageous ground and they eventually fled • The same day Caesar arrived at Cicero’s camp and saw how bad the conditions were and how brave the soldiers had been. Caesar for the Win! Way to Go Caesar!
News of Caesars victory was sent to Labienus. • The news also reached the Treveri. • Indutiomarusand the Treveri spent the entire winter trying to make a big army of rebels. • Indutiomarus comes to Labienus’scamp every day and attacks them, so Labienussent his cavalry to kill him. Meanwhile Indutiomarus.. Labienus
Caesar decided to remain in Gaul the whole winter because the disturbances had been so severe! Caesar
Caesar: loyal, leader, hero • His Men: courageous, loyal, perseverant • The Enemy: stupid, ruthless How does Caesar present himself, his men, and the enemy?
There is a drought – no one’s fault • There is a lack of communication between Cicero and Caesar – the enemy’s fault because they torture and kill the messenger • Problem for the side who has the disadvantageous location in the battle Are there problems? Whose fault?
Caesar is a hero when he comes and saves Cicero’s troops from Ambriorix • Caesar also choses to stay in Gaul for the rest of Winter so he can protect his men Are there heroics? Who and under what conditions?
He talks about himself in 3rd person– view him highly • Describes the military tactics along with the action – now we have a greater understanding of the battles • He used pretty simple sentences – easy to understand what is happening How does Caesar report the action? How does this affect how the reader interprets the action?