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  1. Nationalism Social Studies 9 Ms. Rebecca

  2. Do Now: • What country are you from? What country do you call “home”? Do you love your country? How do you show that you love your country?

  3. Nationalism • Love of your country

  4. Are you proud of your country?

  5. Show me! • Today, each of you will start to work on a poster project to represent your nationalism or love for your country.

  6. Things you mustinclude in your poster: • 1. Definition of Nationalism • 2. Name of your country • 3. Typed paper with a description about each item on your poster and how it makes you feel nationalism (see example) • Some ideas of pictures you can use in your poster: • a picture of your flag (colored) • Any national holiday you think is important in your country • Drawn/printed pictures of the leader(s) of your country • Pictures from movies, tv shows, songs, books, magazines that are about your country. NOTE: BE PREPARED TO TALK ABOUT HOW EACH OF THESE THINGS MAKES YOU LOVE YOUR COUNTRY!

  7. Post presentation Reflection Questions: • Before you leave, answer the following questions: • How do the things in your poster contribute to your nationalism? • Do you think that nationalism brings people together? How?

  8. Nationalism in Europe and America • For our next unit we are going to learn about how nationalism affected people in Europe and America.

  9. Do now: • What do you have in common with other people from your country?

  10. Things people from one country may have in common • Language • History • Culture • Holidays • Television shows • Movies • Music

  11. Nationalism in Europe • Europe was a pretty big deal in the world around the 1700s and 1800s

  12. Nationalism in Europe • Many different wars had been happening throughout Europe during the 1700s and 1800s but people were sick of them.

  13. Congress of Vienna • So, a group of European leaders decided that if they could stop one of the most powerful countries (France) from getting in fights with other countries, then they would have less wars.

  14. Congress of Vienna • The European leaders created a bunch of different new European states that would surround France and separate it from its enemies.

  15. Problem • These states didn’t want to just be states, they wanted to be their own country. Many of the states were either Italian-speaking states or German-speaking states.

  16. Nationalism • Was a pretty big deal in Europe in the 1800s, especially for the German and Italian speaking states.

  17. What united the people in the German and Italian speaking states? • Common language • Common religion • Common culture • Common history

  18. Nationalism made it difficult • for Italian states and German states to accept rule from another country that was different from them.

  19. Lots in Common • Italian-speaking states and German speaking states each wanted their states to unite to form one big country. (Italy and Germany)

  20. Italy United • Background: • In the 1800s Italy was split into different states.

  21. Italy United • They were part of the Austrian empire but many Italians wanted to have their own nation.

  22. Italy United • How would you feel if someone took over Thailand and split it up into different states?

  23. Italy United • The Italian peninsula had not been unified since the fall of the Roman empire

  24. Italy United • Italy didn’t like to be split up into states so they decided they wanted to fight for a united nation of Italy, independent from the rule of Austria.

  25. What united the people of all the states of Italy • Shared culture: beliefs and ways of life.

  26. What united the people of all the states of Italy • History: Shared past connects people

  27. What united the people of all the states of Italy • Religion, language, land

  28. What united the people of all the states of Italy • Art: Italian artists, writers and thinkers wanted to celebrate Italian culture.

  29. How did Italy finally get unified? • Uprisings and Revolutions

  30. How did Italy finally get unified? • Important guy: Camillo do Cavour

  31. Camillo di Cavour • What did he do? • Founded a nationalist newspaper called: “Il Risorgimento” – re-birth

  32. Camillo di Cavour • How do newspapers help spread ideas like nationalism?

  33. Camillo di Cavour • In 1852 he became the Prime Minister of Sardinia: the first state that gained independence from Austria.

  34. Camillo di Cavour • Cavour’s thoughts: • A good economy is important for Italy to gain independence.

  35. Camillo di Cavour • Good economy means: • Italy needed to have good businesses and people need to buy things so that every person living there could get what they needed and could support their country.

  36. Camillo di Cavour • Italy needs a monarchy: one good ruler for the whole united country.

  37. Camillo di Cavour • Italy can’t do it alone! • So Cavour got France to agree to help Sardinia in a war against Austria.

  38. Camillo di Cavour • It worked! • With the help from France, the northern Italian states beat Austria and gained independence.

  39. BUT • What about the southern states of Italy?

  40. France decided to stop helping • France made an agreement with Austria so they stopped supporting Italian states.

  41. The Italians had to fight Austria • All alone!

  42. Cavour needed • A more powerful army so he asked for help from the powerful: Giuseppe Garibaldi.

  43. Giuseppe Garibaldi • “sword” of Italy. • What do you think he did to get this title?

  44. AboutGaribaldi • He was kicked out of Italy to South America where he learned Guerilla warfare. • He came back with more knowledge about how to fight.

  45. Giuseppe Garibaldi • He got 1100 soldiers to join his army.

  46. Giuseppe Garibaldi • The army was called the Red Shirts because of the color of their uniforms.

  47. Giuseppe Garibaldi • Led a war with the Sardinian army vs. Austria.

  48. Giuseppe Garibaldi • He and his army won the Kingdom of the two Sicilies for Italy

  49. Giuseppe Garibaldi • In 1861 Italian states had elections and voted for unification…….

  50. Unification • Everyone voted for unification except for Venice and Rome.