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Chapter 19 The Imperfect Tense

Chapter 19 The Imperfect Tense

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Chapter 19 The Imperfect Tense

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  1. Chapter 19The Imperfect Tense

  2. The Use of the Imperfect Tense • There are three tenses in the Greek that are used for the past tense. • Aorist • Perfect • Imperfect • The imperfect tense describes continuing action in the past • “Dwells on the course of an event instead of merely stating its occurrence” (Goodwin) • Can also refer to a customary activity

  3. Present Tense Future Imper Active Active Active Pass/Mid Sg lu,w lu,omai lu,sw e;luon lu,eij lu,h| lu,seij e;luej lu,ei lu,etai lu,sei e;lue (n) lu,omen Pl luo,meqa lu,somen e;luomen lu,ete lu,esqe lusete e;luete lu,ousin lu,ontai lu,sousin e;luon

  4. Present Tense Imper Active Active Pass/Mid Sg lu,w e;luon lu,omai lu,eij e;luej lu,h| lu,ei e;lue (n) lu,etai lu,omen Pl e;luomen luo,meqa lu,ete e;luete lu,esqe lu,ousin e;luon lu,ontai

  5. Present Tense Imperfect Active Active Pass/Mid Pass/Mid Sg lu,w e;luon evluo,mhn lu,omai lu,eij e;luej evlu,ou lu,h| lu,ei e;lue(n) evlu,eto lu,etai lu,omen Pl e;luomen evluo,meqa luo,meqa lu,ete e;luete evlu,esqe lu,esqe lu,ousin e;luon evlu,onto lu,ontai

  6. What about if the verb begins with a vowel? The vowel lengthens

  7. What about if the verb begins with a vowel? The vowel lengthens a becomes h e becomes h o becomes w

  8. Present Tense Imperfect Active Pass/Middle Active Pass/M Sn avgapaw/ hvga,paw avgapw/mai hvgapw,mhn avgapa/|j avgapa/| hvga,paj hvgapw/ avgapa/| hvga,pa avgapa/tai hvgapa/to avgapw/men avgapw,meqa hvgapw/men hvgapw,meqa Pl avgapa/te hvgapa/te hvgapa/sqe avgapa/sqe avgapw/ntai avgapw/sin hvga,pwn hvgapw/nto

  9. “I AM” forms Present Future Imperf Sg e;somai h;mhn eivmi e;sh| h=j ei= e;stai h=n evstin Pl evso,meqa h=men evsmen e;sesqe h=te evste e;sontai h=san eivsi,n