The Second Great Awakening By: Alexander Schulze-Makuch
The Second Great Awakening- A wave of religious enthusiasm • The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement. 1790s to 1840s • After 1820 membership rose dramatically in Methodist and Baptist parishes. • The movement expressed Arminian theology- every person can be saved through revivals.
The Burned Over District • An evangelistic Presbyterian minister, Charles Grandison Finney, became the most influential revival leader of the 1820s and 1830s. • Finney was successful in upstate New York, where he launched a series of revivals. • The area around the Erie Canal was so prone to revivals that it was termed the Burned Over District.
Slaves and Free Blacks • Baptists and Methodists preached to slaves and slave holders alike. • Early Baptist congregations were formed by slaves and free blacks. • The revival inspired the slaves to demand freedom. – rebellion
Political Implications • Christians began reform movements to better society, know as the antebellum reform. • Reforms included temperance, women's rights, and abolitionism. • Churches saw it to be their obligation to purify society through the individual.