Download
the turf tech water watcher tm for soil based automation of residential sprinkler systems n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Turf-Tech Water Watcher tm for Soil-Based Automation of Residential Sprinkler Systems PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Turf-Tech Water Watcher tm for Soil-Based Automation of Residential Sprinkler Systems

The Turf-Tech Water Watcher tm for Soil-Based Automation of Residential Sprinkler Systems

162 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

The Turf-Tech Water Watcher tm for Soil-Based Automation of Residential Sprinkler Systems

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Turf-Tech Water Watchertm for Soil-Based Automation of Residential Sprinkler Systems Turf-Tech Inc., Logan, Utah Presented at the 2000 National Irrigation Symposium in Phoenix Arizona

  2. Objectives of Presentation • Discuss the advantages of and best approach for a soil-based control system • Describe the Turf-Tech Water Watchertm system as an application example

  3. Why listening to the soil is best • Soil keeps track of the water going out (ET) and the water coming in (Irrigation + Rain) • As ET increases or decreases, the soil knows it • As irrigation and rain increase or decrease, the soil knows it. • Soil keeps track of ET needs and root extraction for the specific local vegetation

  4. “ET is half the story.” “Only my ROOTS know for sure!!!!” “How much rain did you say we got?”

  5. Why only a single sensor is needed • Generally, differences in ET for vegetation types float up and down proportionately (with weather) • i.e. we can assume that the Kc ETo approach is applicable • even zones in shade or full sun generally float together • Other zones are adjusted by adjusting the minutes of on-time for each zone • to account for differences in application rates, exposure, and vegetation type of the zone

  6. Why only a single sensor is needed • When on-times of zones are adjusted for differences in application rates and ET, all zones will dry to the target point at the same time • Therefore, only a single sensor is needed “Hey, we’re cool with each other!!!!”

  7. Why only a single sensor is needed • The sensor does need to be placed: • away from areas of runoff • away from external additions of water (swimming pools, kiddie pools, car-washing areas). • The best spot is usually in sunlit turf • (this will be the quickest to dry in hot weather)

  8. Why only a single sensor is needed • Sensor can be placed in any zone, when the control unit uses a “latch” to lock the watering system on for all zones, once the decision has been made to water “Hey! We plants stick together. You water me, you water him!!”

  9. What keeps the system from over-watering? • Set clock to provide enough water during mid-summer using daily or each two day waterings • At each watering, add less than the capacity of the soil to hold the water. No “deep percolation” of moisture occurs from the root zone “It’s so neat. When I’m a little thirsty, just the right amount of water comes!!”

  10. “Pulse” nature of waterings (simulated) Twin Falls, Idaho - Turf

  11. Soil water stays between limits (simulated) Twin Falls, Idaho - Turf Buffer to capture rain

  12. What turns the water off? • Once the clock is allowed to activate valves (using its own schedule), all zones progress as programmed in the clock • Water is in effect added in daily "doses,” but only if needed “Can you say ‘Optimum’ ?”

  13. What keeps the system from underwatering? • A moisture control dial on the control unit, when set to the optimum point, will allow the system to come on when the clock is programmed to come on (provided the soil water level is drier than the setting of the dial) “Tweak the dial just a little. I’ve been feeling a little dry lately”

  14. Makers following these concepts • Irrometer WaterMark systems • Rainbird AquaMiser (discontinued?) • Turf-TechWater Watchertm • A few others

  15. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  16. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  17. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  18. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  19. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  20. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  21. Turf-TechWater Watchertm

  22. Why does the Water Watcher eliminate the need for “ET” information? • The WW “listens” to the soil • As weather gets hot, ET increases, and the soil dries more quickly • The WW allows the system to turn on more frequently • As the weather cools, ET decreases, and the soil dries more slowly • The WW precludes the system from turning on the valves as often. • (WW “knows” ET)

  23. What makes the WW so automatic? • By listening to the soil, the WW feels the “pulse” of the entire system • It feels the effect of rainfall and irrigation amounts • It feels the effect of extraction of water by roots (the ET process)

  24. Why is the WW so simple to use? • Once individual zones are set for minutes on: • the wet/dry dial on the WW can be adjusted to raise or lower the target soil moisture levels for the whole landscape. • Most of the time, the WW needs no adjustment and is left unattended for months at a time. • It feels the effect of rainfall and irrigation amounts

  25. Why is the WW so simple to install? • It can be used with virtually all automatic clocks • It mounts next to the watering clock and requires only a few connecting wires • It obtains its power from the watering clock • The sensor can be attached to any valve box in the lawn at any location

  26. Benefits of the Water Watchertm • Information free (no ET information or rain sensing is needed) • The WW follows the seasonal ET curve, but without input of external information • User does not need to adjust the on-times or watering frequency as weather changes

  27. Benefits of the Water Watchertm • The WW system “knows” how much water has been applied or rainfall received • The WW conserves water by preventing over-watering, but can keep the landscape green • The WW can be used to conserve water by keeping the landscape in a “thirsty”, but sustained mode

  28. Benefits of the Water Watchertm • The WW keeps the watering system “tuned” and optimized even while the owner is on vacation • The built in “latching” technique guarantees that all zones get watered, even if sensor becomes saturated by watering in progress

  29. Summary • Soil based monitoring of soil water provides the near “perfect” feed back of water in and ET out • The WW system interfaces with nearly all types of 24 VAC water controllers (clocks)

  30. Summary • The WW system conserves water by following the ET-Rain curve automatically • with stress reduction of ET as desired • The WW is simple to use • no resetting of zone times is needed • little “intimidation” factor for the user