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Chapter 13 Living the Truth in Love Monday May 12, 2014 PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 13 Living the Truth in Love Monday May 12, 2014

Chapter 13 Living the Truth in Love Monday May 12, 2014

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Chapter 13 Living the Truth in Love Monday May 12, 2014

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  1. Chapter 13Living the Truth in LoveMonday May 12, 2014

  2. Chapter 13Living the Truth in LoveHOMEWORKDUE WEDNESDAY MAY 14, 2014 • Read pages 240-245 “for Review” answer questions 1-7 on page 245 • Read pages 246-249 “for Review” answer questions 1-5 on page 249 • Read pages 250-252 “for Review” answer questions 1-4 on page 252 • Read pages 253-257“for Review” answer questions 1-6 on page 257 AS ALWAYS, WRITE THE QUESTION AND PUT THE ANSWERS IN COMPLETE SENTENCES.

  3. 13.2 Chapter Overview • The eighth commandment calls us to respect truth. • We can abuse speech by what we say or fail to say. • Disregard for truth leads to a culture of mistrust. • A truthful society seeks to give all people a voice and to address their needs

  4. V13.1 Vocabulary Lying (p. 245): “Saying what is false with the intention of deceiving one’s neighbor.” (Catechism, #2508) Calumny (p. 246): Telling lies defaming someone’s character. • Detraction (p. 246): Revealing personal, derogatory information without sufficient reason. • Rash judgment (p. 246): Judging another person unkindly. • Gossip (p. 246): Participating in the spread of injurious information about someone.

  5. V13.3 Vocabulary • Scandal (p. 247): Wrongdoing that serves to disillusion or harm more vulnerable people; “an attitude or behavior which leads another to do evil . . . grave offense if by deed or omission another is deliberately led into a grave offense” (Catechism, #2284). • Perjury (p. 247): Lying under oath. • Spin (p. 250): Giving a self-serving slant on a news story; manipulation of the truth intended to deceive. • Discrimination (p. 253): A situation in which people suffer disadvantages simply because they are members of a particular group (for example, age, race, gender).

  6. V13.5 Vocabulary Racial prejudice (p. 254): Strong dislike for members of a race other than one’s own. Racism (p. 254): Subordination of persons who belong to a particular race due to attitudes, actions, or institutional structures at work in a society. Sexism (p. 255): Attitudes, practices, and institutional structures that oppress people solely on the basis of gender. Ageism (p. 256): Discrimination against people solely on the basis of their age.

  7. Chapter 13 additional notes from text • Living the Light of truth: Relationships built on lies will not survive. Jesus says the eighth commandment is just as important as all the other commandments. • Bearing witness to the truth Jesus’ entire reason for being is to be a witness to the truth. The word martyr means witness Jesus calls his followers to be witness to the truth. Truthfulness is a virtue. Living a lie kills the spirit Our dignity as humans beings requires us to seek the truth and act in accordance with it.

  8. Chapter 13 additional notes from text • Four Principles of Communication • Verbal and nonverbal communication • We’re always communicating • We are continually participating in “feedback” loops. • We can’t avoid influencing others • Respect for Truth Respect for the truth requires us to make judgments about what to do with the many truths we discover. Respect for the truth does not give us permission to be brutally honest.

  9. Chapter 13 additional notes from text OFFENSES AGAINST THE TRUTH • Four misuses of speech: Calumny, detraction, rash judgment, gossip. • Power of Scandal: • Wrongdoing by people who hold some kind of trust. • Misusing that trust in such a way that it harms and disturbs more vulnerable people. Self-deception versus Self-Confidence The 8th commandment urges us to develop personal qualities that identify us as persons of truth: These qualities are being reliable; being trustworthy; being genuine and being honest

  10. Chapter 13 additional notes from text • Standing up for ourselves and others. Lying is a form of violence and destruction. It damages our ability to know what is true and what is false and thus affects our decisions and judgments. • Truthfulness in the public arena: A well-formed conscience is truthful, that is it makes judgments using sound reason, the wisdom of Church teachings and the gifts of the Holy Spirit.

  11. Chapter 13 additional notes from text Media and the Blurring of Truth: The truth can become blurred or lost, even though we encounter an overwhelming number of images from media. According to the Catechism, information from the media should be: True Complete Honestly and properly conveyed. Truth and Art Great works of art unveil the beauty of truth in ways that we would otherwise miss.

  12. Chapter 13 additional notes from text UNCOVERING TRUTH AND FALSEHOOD Respect for truth means bringing to light ways that people are hurting in our society and seeking ways to help the people of the world who are suffering from discrimination. For example: Direct Racism - the obvious and intended criterion by which someone suffers injustice. Indirect Racism – discrimination is not intentional but race is nonetheless a factor leading to injustice.

  13. 13.3 Review Questions Page 245 1. What does Jesus say about language that is injurious to others? Jesus does not see cruel speech as less important than other types of injurious actions. He links it to murder. 2. What is the opposite of “bearing false witness”? It is speaking and living truthfully

  14. 13.3 Review • What does Jesus tell Pilate his mission is? Jesus said he intended to testify to the truth. 4. What does the word martyr mean? Martyr means witness. 5. Are human beings naturally inclined toward the truth or falsehood? Human beings are inclined toward truthfulness

  15. 13.4 Review 6. Name the four principles of communication. • Communication is both verbal and nonverbal; nonverbal messages are more powerful that verbal messages • We are always communicating • Communication is always a two way process of action and reaction, known as a “feedback loop” • We can’t avoid influencing others. 7. Is it always acceptable to reveal truths about someone? No. Sometimes it is more damaging to the person.

  16. 13.5 Review Questions Page 249 1. Give an example of each of the following: calumny, detraction, rash judgment, gossip. 2. Name two ways the Internet contributes to possible violations of the eighth commandment. People often feel more comfortable saying things about others on the internet, but the harm can be greater since the audience is potentially much larger than face to face.

  17. 13.6 Review Questions Page 249 3. Define the terms scandal and perjury. Scandal refers to wrongdoing by people in authority so that, in addition to the harm of the wrongdoing itself, others are disillusioned or imitate the behavior. Perjury is lying under oath. 4. What psychological factor can lead to self-deception? Inadequate self-esteem can lead to trying to build oneself up or put another down.

  18. 13.6 Review Questions Page 249 • What does it mean to say that we can disrespect truth through silence? At times it is important to speak out for truth.

  19. 13.7 Review Questions page 252 1. What effect can negative campaigning have on voter perceptions? People may conclude that all politicians are corrupt 2. What is spinning? Giving a self-serving slant on a news story and manipulating the truth with the intention to deceive. 3. How does television blur the presentation of truth? It presents news partially as a form of entertainment, which influences what and how information is presented

  20. Review Questions page 252 • 4. What is the relationship between beauty and truth as exhibited in art? The beauty of a work of art reveals an otherwise hidden truth and sheds new light on it.

  21. 13.8 Review Questions page 257 Review Questions page 257 1. Name one title given to Satan in Scripture. “the father of lies” and “deceiver” 2. How might you critique the “rags to riches” American myth? The great majority of American poor people are trapped in the same spiral of poverty that exists around the world

  22. 13.9 Review Questions page 257 3. What’s the difference between racial prejudice and racism? Racial prejudice is a strong dislike for members of a race other than one’s own. Racism is the subordination of persons of a particular race due to attitudes, actions, or institutional structures at work in society.

  23. 13.9 Review Questions page 257 4. What’s the difference between direct and indirect racism? Racism can be direct when race is the obvious and intended criterion for someone suffering injustice; it is indirect in those cases in which discrimination is not intentional but is nonetheless a factor leading to injustice. • What is the link between women and poverty? The vast majority of people who are poor are women and the children dependent upon them. • According to the text, who suffers most from sexism? Women more than men suffer from sexism.