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Documenting Events in Metadata PowerPoint Presentation
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Documenting Events in Metadata

Documenting Events in Metadata

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Documenting Events in Metadata

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    1. Documenting Events in Metadata

    Martin Doerr, Athina Kritsotaki Center for Cultural Informatics Institute of Computer Science Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas Joint event in Cyprus: The e-Documentation in Cultural Heritage

    2. Structuring cultural metadata and capturing the full historical context of artifacts Interpreting heterogeneous and complex information resources More accurate information about life histories Aggregation of relevant historical information Documentation of scientific observations

    Event-centric documentation is essential for..

    3. Events are states of affairs: a particular distribution of material items, conceptual items and interactions in space-time. Most events can be seen as meetings. Things, people and ideas meet each other and create history as a network of meetings (a sequence of meetings under the perspective of an individual person or item).

    History as meetings

    4. A proposal of CIDOC. A simple schema for summarization of historical events. Compatible with CIDOC CRM (ISO/FDIS 21127) and Dublin Core. Uniform schema for object descriptions and biographical data. Supports information integration and has the potential to capture huge, meaningful knowledge networks

    CRM Core Metadata Schema

    CRM Core Metadata Schema

    6. CRM Core describes the most fundamental relationships that connect things, concepts, people, time and place: Identification Classification Participation in an event Part decomposition References Similarity

    CRM Core Metadata Schema

    7. Focus on categorical data rather than events and indirect relationships. Fail to capture complex historical contexts because time, place and participants are disassociated. Can not describe complex relationships fail to integrate or connect rich historical information fail to build large networks of knowledge

    Other approaches: Dublin Core, VRA, CCO

    Example using CRM Core P4 has time-span P108B was produced by P62 depicts P16B was used for P134 continued P2 has type P120B occurs after P4 has time-span P2 has type P100B died in P98B was born P4 has time -span P2 has type P14 carried out by P14 carried out by P62 depicts P108B was produced by P2 has type P7 took place at P4 has time-span

    9. A production (event) of Monument to Balzac = a meeting of the producer Rodin and his work Balzac in France in 1898. :is continued by: Another production (event), the Bronze casting of Monument to Balzac in 1925. :occurs after: Rodins death (event) in 1917.

    Example: Monument to Balzac network of relationships and events

    Work (CRM Core). Category = E84 Information Carrier Classification =sculpture (visual work) Classification =plaster Identification =The Monument to Balzac (plaster) Description =Commissioned to honor one of France's greatest novelists, Rodin spent seven years preparing for Monument to Balzac. When the plaster original was exhibited in Paris in 1898, it was widely attacked. Rodin retired the plaster model to his home in the Paris suburbs. It was not cast in bronze until years after his death. Event Role in Event =P108B was produced by Identification= Rodin making Monument to Balzac in 1898 Event Type = E12 Production Participant Identification =Rodin, Auguste Identification =ID: 500016619 Participant Type = artists Participant Type = sculptors Date = 1898 Place = France (nation) Related event Role in Event =P134B was continued by Identification= Bronze casting Monument to Balzac in 1925 Event Role in Event =P16B was used for Identification= Bronze casting Monument to Balzac in 1925 Event Type = E12 Production Participant Identification =Rudier (Vve Alexis) et Fils Participant Type = companies Thing Present Identification =The Monument to Balzac (S.1296) Thing Present Type =bronze Thing Present Type =sculpture (visual work) Date = 1925 Related event Role in Event =P120B occurs after Identification= Rodin's death Relation To = Honore de Balzac Relation type refers to Artist (CRM Core). Category = E21 Person Classification = artists Classification = sculptors Identification =Rodin, Auguste Identification =ID: 500016619 Event Role in Event =P98B was born Identification= Rodins birth Event Type = E67 Birth Date = 1840 Event Role in Event =P100B died in Identification= Rodins death Event Type = E69_Death Date = 1917 Related event Role in Event =P120 occurs before Identification= Bronze casting Monument to Balzac in 1925 Example using DC, VRA Example (VRA Core Categories, Version 3.0). Record Type = work Type = sculpture Title = Monument to Balzac Material.Medium = bronze Material.Medium = plaster Date.Creation = 1898 Date.Completion ? = 1925 Creator = Auguste Rodin Creator.Role =sculptor Creator ?= Rudier (Vve Alexis) et Fils Creator.Role =Casters Subject = Balzac Description = Commissioned to honor one of France's greatest novelists, Rodin spent seven years preparing for Monument to Balzac. When the plaster original was exhibited in Paris in 1898, it was widely attacked. Rodin retired the plaster model to his home in the Paris suburbs. It was not cast in bronze until years after his death. Example (Dublin Core) Type = work Type = sculpture Title = Monument to Balzac Format= bronze Format= plaster Date.Created = 1898 Date .? = 1925 Creator = Auguste Rodin Creator =sculptor Contributor=Rudier (Vve Alexis) et Fils Subject = Balzac Description = Commissioned to honor one of France's greatest novelists, Rodin spent seven years preparing for Monument to Balzac. When the plaster original was exhibited in Paris in 1898, it was widely attacked. Rodin retired the plaster model to his home in the Paris suburbs. It was not cast in bronze until years after his death. no connection Example implementing CCO Example (CCO) Record type = item Class= sculpture Work type = statue Title = Monument to Balzac Material and Techniques= bronze, plaster Creator Display= Auguste Rodin (French, 1840-1917); Rudier (Vve Alexis) et Fils. Role [link]=sculptor [link]: Rodin, Auguste Role [link]=casters [link]: Rudier (Vve Alexis) et Fils Creation Date = designed and produced in 1898, cast in 1925 Qualifier: design Start: 1898 End: 1898 Qualifier: casting Start: 1925 End: 1925 Subject = Balzac Culture= French Description = Commissioned to honor one of France's greatest novelists, Rodin spent seven years preparing for Monument to Balzac. When the plaster original was exhibited in Paris in 1898, it was widely attacked. Rodin retired the plaster model to his home in the Paris suburbs. It was not cast in bronze until years after his death. Conclusions

    13. CRM Core is a powerful simplification to capture large networks of knowledge by far more general and precise than Dublin Core only slightly more complex than Dublin Core Meaningful information integration More effective search and retrieval, in particular by historical context Compatible with CIDOC CRM and DC