Heart Disease/Stroke By: Paul Bhatia
Heart Attack • Heart attack is the number one killer disease in North America. • Heart disease is the number one killer of American women, and nearly half of all heart attack deaths each year happen to women. Furthermore, women are less likely to survive a heart attack than are men. • The medical term for heart attack -- myocardial infarction -- means "death of heart muscle.“ • Heart attacks are not sudden most victims are warned well in advance by episodes of chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue.But the heart attack itself may seem sudden. • Blood clots cause most heart attacks
What is a Heart Attack? • A heart attack happens when the blood supply to a heart muscle ( the myocardium) is severely reduced or stopped • The medical term for heart attack is myocardial infraction. • The reduction or stoppage happens when one or more of the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle is blocked. • the blockage is usually caused by deposits of fat –like substances.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack • The SYMPTOMS of a HEART ATTACK are: • Central crushing chest pain. • Heavy sweating. • Nausea and/or vomiting. • Dizzyness. • Cold, clammy feeling hands. • Palpitations. • If you are having these symptoms or see a friend or loved one in similar distress you need to get to a healthcare facility immediately.
How to prevent Heart Attack at a young age so it doesn’t occur in the future • It all depends on the person’s age, gender, and family history to prevent heart disease. • Males under the age of forty have a higher risk than females. • You should eat 60% nutrition foods and 40% foods you like at an early age. • Get involved is a lot of sports and be physically active
Six Key Steps To Reduce Heart Attack Risk • Taking these steps will reduce your risk of having a heart attack: • Stop smoking • Lower high blood pressure • Reduce high blood cholesterol • Aim for a healthy weight • Be physically active each day • Manage diabetes
What to do when you or someone is having a Heart attack • IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING THE WARNING SIGNALS OF A HEART ATTACK YOU SHOULD IMMEDIATELY: • Call 911 or your local emergency number for help, or have someone call for you. It's a good idea to keep a list of emergency numbers near the phone at all times. • Stop all activity and sit or lie down, in whatever position is most comfortable. • Rest comfortably and wait for emergency medical services (EMS) (e.g., ambulance) to arrive. If you are with someone who is experiencing the warning signals of a heart attack: • Help the person with all the activities listed above. • Expect denial. You must take charge and call 911 or your local emergency number. • If the person becomes unresponsive (no normal breathing, coughing, or movement), start CPR.
Stroke • Stroke is a type of cardiovascular disease. It affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. • Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in Canada. • For every 10,000 Canadian children under the age of 19, there are 6.7 strokes.
What is stroke? • A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.Clots that block an artery cause ischemic (is-KEM-ik) strokes. This is the most common type of stroke, acounting for approximately 88 percent of all strokes. • Ruptured blood vessels cause hemorrhagic (hem-o-RAJ-ik) or bleeding strokes.
Risk factors for stroke These are some risk factors of stroke that can be treated. • High blood pressure • Tobacco use • Diabetes mellitus • Carotid or other artery disease • Atrial fibrillation • Other heart disease • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) • Certain blood disorders • High blood cholesterol • Physical inactivity and obesity • Some illegal drugs • Excessive alcohol • Risk factors that can’t change. • Increasing age • Sex (gender) • Heredity (family history) and race • Prior stroke or heart attack
Warning signs • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg,especially on one side of the body • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause • Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience symptoms!Time lost is brain lost!
How to prevent from getting stroke at a Young age. • If you have family history of stroke you are at risk. • To prevent stroke at young age is by being: • Be Active • Eat Healthy • Try standing upside down • Don’t smoke or do drugs
Bibliography • www.strokeassociation.org • www.heartandstroke.ca/ • www.stroke.org.uk/ • www.americanheart.org • www.heartinfo.org • www.medicinenet.com • www.heartandstroke.ca • www.pslgroup.com