Download
pacific northwest n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pacific Northwest PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pacific Northwest

Pacific Northwest

307 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Pacific Northwest

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Pacific Northwest

  2. Geography • 1500-200 miles long • Only 100 miles wide • Rich marine and forest biome • Redwood and cedars common • Surprisingly warm coastal water • Bounded by coast range to the east

  3. Subsistence • Primarily marine (H&G) • Halibut • Whale • Salmon • Sturgeon • Eulachon (smelt) aka candlefish • But also… • Otter • Seal • Deer • Bear • Mountain Goat • Other forest animals

  4. Technology • Utilized available woods to the extreme • Boxes • Totem Poles • Plankhouses • Clothing and Hats • Masks • Dugout Canoes

  5. Social Organization • Not bands as one might expect • Dense, sedentary population • Organized at the “Kon” • Central village and its controlled area • Could conflict with same “tribe” if they were in a different Kon • Violating could lead to war, death, or slavery • Kon leadership by multiple clan chiefs • Leadership based on heritage and wealth • Leads to a ranked society

  6. Social Organization • Further organized in exogamous clans and moieties • Matrilineal in the north • More patrilineal in the south • Moieties were Raven and Eagle (north) • Raven and Wolf in the south • Rights of access to resources to clans, personal/intellectual property to individuals • Clan property marked by totem poles, could also be erected to mark offenses (shame poles) • Homes (plankhouses) owned by the clan

  7. Social Organization • Patrilocal and avuncolocal residency • Daily life handled at the extended household level • Clan chiefs organize their clan’s labor for major salmon runs, etc.

  8. Beliefs • Animatism and animism common • Individuals gain power, male or female, through visions and demonstration • Shamanism only, no priests • Some specialized societies of shamans, e.g. Hamatsa cannibals • Elaborate performances

  9. Languages • Northern: Athabascan • Central: Salishan and Wakashan (isolates) • Southern: Salishan and Penutian, some Athabascan

  10. Additional Issues • Potlatches: Why and What • Funerary • Birth • Death • Status Change • Leveling • Redistribution • Affirmation • Alliances • Outlawed & reinstated

  11. Plateau

  12. Plateau: area of integrations • Riverine settlement: large winter villages in the river valleys. • Diverse subsistence base: anadromous and local fish, extensive game, and root resources (camas). • Complex fishing technology: harpoons, nets, net weights, weirs, storage. • Foodsharing between groups: many groups fish one area of the river during salmon runs., through sodalities • Kinship ties between groups: intermarriage of groups in and outside of Plateau. • Large trade networks: institutionalized trading partners and regional trade fairs (Chinook trade jargon). • Limited political integration: village to village organization. • Uniform mythology and art styles: e.g., vision quest, shamanism (salmon shaman), spirit helpers for all. • Blending of traits from surrounding areas • Salish (north) and Sahaptin/Penutian (south)