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By: Austin Sparks

By: Austin Sparks. Location. Canada is on the continent of North America. The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is north and the United States is south. Canada is north of the 49th parallel of latitude.

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By: Austin Sparks

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  1. By: Austin Sparks

  2. Location • Canada is on the continent of North America. • The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. • The Arctic Ocean is north and the United States is south. • Canada is north of the 49th parallel of latitude. • The 49th parallel was chosen as a border from the Great Lakes to the west coast

  3. The People • THE PEOPLE • -Most of the people live in the southern part of Canada. • -About 77 percent of Canadians live in cities and towns. • -The largest cities are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.(2006)Toronto - 5.5 million; Montreal - 3.6 million; Vancouver - 2.1 million • -Saskatchewan is the fastest growing province. (December 2007) • -Canada's two official languages are English and French. • -More than 9 million Canadians speak French. • -Ethnic groups include British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, North American Indian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26% • -Canada is the home of over a million Aboriginal people. (2006 census) • -Three Aboriginal groups : First Nations, Métis and Inuit • -Eastern Canada : the Maliseet, Algonquin, Iroquois, Micmac, Huron and Ojibwa • -The Plains : Blackfoot, Cree and Assiniboine • -Pacific Coast : Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, and Haida • -Northern regions : Dene, Tsimshian and Slavey peoples • -Arctic region : the Inuit

  4. Geography -Canada has the world's longest coastline.-There are oceans on three sides - Pacific ( west), Atlantic ( east), Arctic (north).-Nearly one-fourth of all the fresh water in the world is in Canada.-Glaciers shaped the land and created many lakes (about 2 million lakes).-The Mackenzie River ( in the N.W.T. ) is the longest river in Canada.-Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River (from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes).-Forests cover almost half of Canada.-Canada has one-tenth of the world's forests. -Mount Logan in the Yukon Territory is Canada's tallest peak at 5,959 meters -Canada has six main geographical regions:Appalachian Highland, Canadian Shield, Arctic, Lowlands, Interior Plains, Cordillera - Some what larger than the United States. -Second largest country in the world.

  5. Resources -Forests, plants, animals and fish are some of Canada's renewable resources.-Renewable resources can be replaced by nature. -Canada has 10% of the world's forests.-Minerals, metal, natural gas, and oil are some of Canada's nonrenewable resources.-They cannot be replaced by nature.-Hydroelectric power is sold to the United States.-Canada is one of the largest mining nations in the world.-Over 60 minerals and metals are produced in Canada.-Canada is the third largest diamond producing nation in the world.-Canada is the world's leader in the production of potash and uranium. -There are many different types of farms in Canada: grain farms, vegetable farms, fruit orchards, livestock and dairy farms -There are 42 national parks in Canada. -The largest park in Canada is Wood Buffalo National Park, in Alberta and the Northwest Territories. It is home of the world's largest bison herd and the only nesting site of the endangered whooping crane.-The oldest National Park is Banff in Alberta. It was created in 1885 as Rocky Mountain Park.

  6. Cultural Diversity top 20 Ethnic origins • 1. Canadian 11. Dutch • 2. English 12. Polish • 3. French 13. South Asian • 4. Scottish 14. Jewish • 5. Irish 15. Norway • 6. German 16. Welsh • 7. Italian 17. Portuguese • 8. Aboriginal Origins 18. Sweden • 9.Ukrainian 19. Russian • 10. Chinese 20. Hungry

  7. Agricultural and fishing products25,567.7 Energy products29,722.4 Forestry products39,116.5 Industrial goods and materials57,429.3 Machinery and equipment85,985.3 Automotive products95,493.8 Other consumer goods13,470.7 Unallocated adjustments6,474.8 Exports

  8. Imports • Agricultural and fishing products17,643.4 • Energy products10,708.7 • Forestry products2,740.8 • Machinery and equipment108,168.2 • Industrial and agricultural machinery27,768.2 • Automotive products75,916.1 • Other consumer goods36,954.2 • Special transactions trade6,325.3

  9. Citizenship Government type: a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a Commonwealth realm Legal System: based on English common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on French law prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations Constitution: made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments.

  10. Despite being an affluent, high-tech industrial society, there are some issues, which can't be overlooked in the current scenario. As a result of globalization, Canadian enterprises are going to face even stronger competition from rivals in emerging in coming years. Despite some calls from business for a lower dollar or for government inducements to keep production in Canada, the most appropriate response is for domestic policy makers to redouble their focus on enhancing productivity growth and innovation in high and low technology sectors alike. Globalization of competition, technological advances, and changes in the demographic structure of the workforce continue are three threats to the labor markets in Canada. CONFLICT

  11. Facts • -second largest country in the world (Russian Federation is the largest) • -capital city of Canada - Ottawa (Ontario) • -leader of Canada - Prime Minister Stephen Harper • -emblem - maple leaf • -flag - red and white with a red maple leaf • -Canada's birthday is on the first of July. • -animal - the beaver • -motto - "From sea to sea“ • -national anthem - "O Canada"

  12. Work sited • http://www.saskschool.ca/~gregory/canada/facts/can.html • http://www.statcan.gc.ca/c1996-r1996/feb17-17fev/oe1ca-eo1ca-eng.htm • http://www.canadainfolink.ca/charteleven.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_Canada

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