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Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling PowerPoint Presentation
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Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling

Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling

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Phonological Awareness Phonics Spelling

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  1. Phonological AwarenessPhonicsSpelling Melinda Carrillo

  2. Best Predictors of Reading Success • Letter Knowledge • Phonological Awareness • Knowledge About Print

  3. Terminology • Phonological Awareness • Phonemic Awareness • Phoneme • Phonics • Morpheme The awareness of and the ability to manipulate language. The understanding that speech is composed of individual sounds and the ability to manipulate those sounds. The smallest unit of sound. A system of teaching reading and spelling through sound-symbol relationships. The smallest meaningful unit of language.

  4. Letter Knowledge A child who can recognize most letters with thorough confidence will have an easier time learning about letter sounds and word spellings than a child who also has to work at distinguishing the individual letters. Adams, 1990

  5. Phonemic Awareness Phonemic awareness is more highly related to learning to read than are tests of general intelligence, reading readiness, and listening comprehension. Stanovich, 1993

  6. Phonemic Awareness It is unlikely that children lacking phonemic awareness can benefit fully from phonics instruction since they do not understand what letters and spellings are suppose to represent. Juel, Griffith, & Gough, 1986

  7. Phonological Awareness Activities Phoneme Blending Rhyming Phoneme Counting Syllable Counting Phoneme Deletion Phoneme Change Phoneme Segmentation

  8. Rhyming Read Alouds Nursery Rhymes Sentence Completion “I see a frog, sitting on a ____.”

  9. Phoneme Blending All Oral Put the sounds together /c/ /a/ /t/ = cat

  10. Phoneme Segmentation All Oral Break the sounds apart Cat = /c/ /a/ /t/ Lake = /l/ /a/ /k/

  11. Phoneme Deletion All Oral Drop a sound Say “cat”. Now drop the /c/. What do you have?

  12. Phoneme Change All Oral Drop a sound and add a sound. Say “dog”. Drop the /d/ and add a /l/. Drop the /g/ and add a /t/.

  13. 5 Tasks of Phonemic Awareness • Knowledge of nursery rhymes • Compare and contrast sounds • Orally blend words • Orally segment words • Phonemic manipulation tasks

  14. Knowledge About Print How books work. Text flows from left to right Read the page top to bottom Line sweep Concept of word

  15. Phonics and Decoding

  16. English Language 44 Phonemes (sounds) 25 Consonant Phonemes 19 Vowel Phonemes Over 200 ways to spell 44 sounds!

  17. Decoding Poorly developed word recognition skills are the most pervasive and debilitating source of reading difficulty. Adams, 1990

  18. Phonics Instruction Should… Be daily Be completed by the end of 2nd grade Be built on a foundation of phonemic awareness Be systematic and explicit Be focused Provide practice with decodable texts Include regular assessment Provide for intervention

  19. Systematic Explicit Phonics Instruction • Phonemic warm-up • Teach sound/symbol • Practice blending • Apply to decodable text • Dictation and spelling • Word work

  20. 4 Ways To Read Words • Decoding – Reading words that are unfamiliar in print • Analogy – Recognizing how spelling is similar to known words • Prediction – Guess what the word might be • Sight – Using memory to read words that have been read before

  21. Types of Literature forBeginning Readers • Decodable Text • High Quality Trade Books • Predictable Texts

  22. Instructional Modifications for English Learners Decodables – with visual support preceded by ELD common vocabulary Student/Teacher Generated Text practice sound/symbol reinforce phonics High Quality Trade Books build academic language

  23. What To Do If They Don’t Get It? Re-teach 3 years of phonics? Focus on exactly what they need to learn and teach it!