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Figurative language is non-literal linguistic devices used to strongly communicate a thought or idea.
You’ll be using this tutorial to deepen your understanding of what figurative language is and why we use it.
Table of Contents Coming up in today’s tutorial: • Similes! • Metaphors! • Latin! • THE QUIZ.
Have fun. Learn something. Yes, it’s possible to do both. Besides, this will be a breeze. As simple as a walk in the park. In fact, if you understood what you just read, you’re already halfway done.
LATIN! • “Figurative” comes from the word “figura,” meaning a form, shape, or figure. • “Language” comes from the word “lingua,” meaning the tongue.
Try to think of some examples of figurative language, and then see if they match the next page.
Examples of Figurative Language • She felt as light as a feather. • He was a bear in the mornings. • Now is the winter of our discontent. • Bright star! Would I were steadfast as thou art!
Milo Poor Milo takes figurative language literally. Milo’s Story
Now, can you match the following example to the correct type of figurative language? “My love’s like a red, red rose.” SIMILE METAPHOR APOSTROPHE
Nope. But fear not! This is precisely what we shall be reviewing today.
Indeed! A simile is a comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” Here, “my love” and “a red, red rose” are being compared. Let us away to more language!
Now that you know what a simile is, how many can you find in this song? My Luve’s like a Red Red Rose
How did the use of those phrases help Robert Burns express the intent of his poem? Here’s the original: Robert Burns’ Poem
The summery and flowery words communicated the strength and romanticism of a young love. This is the POWER of figurative language!
Let’s talk about metaphors. A metaphor is a direct comparison of two different objects. Can you think of any examples?
Examples of Metaphors • He’s a bear in the morning. • Your eyes are two limpid pools. • She’s a computer when it comes to math.
A man did not magically transform into a bear overnight. He simply has the characteristics of one in the morning. I’m sure you know someone who’s not a “morning person.”
And now, PRESENTING: The End ofMilo’s Story.
Congratulations. You are now ready for THE QUIZ!
The girl climbed up the jungle gym like a monkey. What is this an example of? • Simile • Metaphor • Not an example of figurative language • other
Sorry, try again. Do you see any key words in the example?
Simile That’s correct! Next question:
“His smile shone like the sun.” What may the author have meant by that? A) His smile blinded people. B) This guy was rarely happy. C) He had a really nice smile.
Sorry, try again. What sort of connotation does “the sun” have?
He had a really nice smile. Well done! Next!
This pizza is dirt. What is this an example of? • Simile • Metaphor • Not figurative language • other
Sorry, try again. How direct is this comparison?
Metaphor Good job! Next!
What might a teacher mean by saying, “My students are dead today?” • They are all zombies. • No one is paying attention. • Everyone did the homework. • No one turned in their homework.
Sorry, try again. Think about the connotation of “dead.”
No one is paying attention. CORRECT! NEXT!
The word “simile” comes from the Latin word: • sima: top of a pediment • simila: fine flour • similis: similar, like, or resembling • senex: old man
Sorry, try again. What are the key words to identify a simile?
6) Which of these is the definition of a metaphor? • A comparison of two things that are very much alike. • A direct comparison of two unlike things. • An inverse comparison of two different things. • A comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”
Sorry! Remember: what is the difference between a metaphor and a simile?
C) A direct comparison between two unlike things. Well done! Next!
Congratulations! Now go forth and understand figurative language!