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Chapter 6: Learning Lecture 89 PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 6: Learning Lecture 89

Chapter 6: Learning Lecture 89

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Chapter 6: Learning Lecture 89

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    1. Chapter 6: Learning Lecture 8&9

    2. Learning Outcomes Describe the learning process according to classical conditioning. Describe the learning process according to operant conditioning. Describe cognitive factors in learning.

    3. Truth or Fiction? A single nauseating meal can give rise to a taste aversion that lasts for years. Psychologists helped a young boy overcome his fear of rabbits by having him eat cookies while a rabbit was brought closer and closer. Truth or Fiction? A single nauseating meal can give rise to a taste aversion that lasts for years. True. Truth or Fiction? Psychologists helped a young boy overcome his fear of rabbits by having him eat cookies while a rabbit was brought closer and closer. True.Truth or Fiction? A single nauseating meal can give rise to a taste aversion that lasts for years. True. Truth or Fiction? Psychologists helped a young boy overcome his fear of rabbits by having him eat cookies while a rabbit was brought closer and closer. True.

    4. Truth or Fiction? During World War II, a psychologist created a missile that would use pigeons to guide the missile to its target. Slot machine players pop coins into the machines most rapidly when they have no idea when they might win. Truth or Fiction? During World War II, a psychologist created a missile that would use pigeons to guide the missile to its target. True. Truth or Fiction? Slot machines players pop coins into the machines most rapidly when they have no idea when they might win. TrueTruth or Fiction? During World War II, a psychologist created a missile that would use pigeons to guide the missile to its target. True. Truth or Fiction? Slot machines players pop coins into the machines most rapidly when they have no idea when they might win. True

    5. Truth or Fiction? You can train a rat to climb a ramp, cross a bridge, climb a ladder, pedal a toy car, and do several other tasks all in proper sequence. Truth or Fiction? You can train a rat to climb a ramp, cross a bridge, climb a ladder, pedal a toy car, and do several other tasks all in proper sequence. True.Truth or Fiction? You can train a rat to climb a ramp, cross a bridge, climb a ladder, pedal a toy car, and do several other tasks all in proper sequence. True.

    6. Truth or Fiction? You have to make mistakes to learn. Despite all the media hoopla, no scientific connection has been established between violence in the media and real-life aggression. Truth or Fiction? You have to make mistakes in to learn. False. Truth or Fiction? Despite all the media hoopla, no scientific connection has been established between violence in the media and real-life aggression. False. Truth or Fiction? You have to make mistakes in to learn. False. Truth or Fiction? Despite all the media hoopla, no scientific connection has been established between violence in the media and real-life aggression. False.

    7. 1. What is Learning? A relatively permanent change in behavior, knowledge, capability, or attitude that is acquired through experience and cannot be attributed to illness, injury, or maturation. Behaviorist Perspective A relatively permanent change in behavior that arises from practice or experience Cognitive Perspective Mental change that may or may not be associated with changes in behavior

    8. 2. Classical Conditioning Basic types of learning: CC; OC CC-Simple form of associative learning that enables organisms to anticipate events, or to associate one stimulus with another. Previously neutral stimulus (CS) comes to elicit the response evoked by a second stimulus (UCS) as a result of repeatedly being paired with the second stimulus (e.g., thunder storm)

    9. 3. Contribution of Ivan Pavlov While studying salivation in dogs, Pavlov happened upon the principles of conditioning Reflex- involuntary response to a particular stimulus can be unlearned (or unconditioned) and learned (or conditioned) through association Unconditioned Reflexes -food (UCS) -salivations (UCR) -loud noise -startle response -light in eye -contraction of pupil -puff of air in eye -eyeblink response Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) organized and directed research in physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine in St. Petersburg, Russia. Experiments of physiology of digestion, which won him a Nobel Prize in 1904. Contributed to psychology by accident. Read my Book p.159Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) organized and directed research in physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine in St. Petersburg, Russia. Experiments of physiology of digestion, which won him a Nobel Prize in 1904. Contributed to psychology by accident. Read my Book p.159