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Be Plant Wise . John Kelly. Overview. Introduction Legislation Some species of concern Horticulture Code of Good Practice Be Plant Wise Spot the Alien Timetable for the Be Plant Wise launch. What is an 'invasive species'?. 'species'. 'invasive'. 'exotic'. 'native'. 'biodiversity'.
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Be Plant Wise John Kelly
Overview • Introduction • Legislation • Some species of concern • Horticulture Code of Good Practice • Be Plant Wise • Spot the Alien • Timetable for the Be Plant Wise launch
What is an 'invasive species'? 'species' 'invasive' 'exotic' 'native' 'biodiversity' 'naturalized' 'non-native' 'eco-system' 'impact' 'nuisance species' 'alien' 'pest' 'eco-system services'
In summary… Alien = exotic = introduced = non-native Invasive = pest = nuisance species
The Bigger Picture Second biggest threat to biodiversity worldwide • Biggest threat on islands “The most important direct drivers of biodiversity loss and ecosystem service changes are habitat change …, climate change, invasive alien species, overexploitation, and pollution.” Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report
Counting the Cost Invasive Species cost the European economy €12.7 billion/year • Estimated in the UK at £1.7bn Compare with: • Australia - £6.5bn • Brazil - £25bn • India - £58bn • USA - £71bn, and • South Africa - £3.5bn
Legislation in ROI • The European Communities (Birds and Natural Habitats) Regulations 2011 • Regulation 49. Prohibition on introduction and dispersal of certain species • Regulation 50. Prohibition on dealing with and keeping certain species
Damien Offer Keith Hiscock ISSG Julia Nunn
Roy Anderson ISSG
Horticulture Code of Good Practice • Background • Aims and Status of this Code of Good Practice • Target audience • Geographic coverage
Limit the spread of invasive species • Avoid further spread of known invasive species • Be aware of relevant legislation • Dispose of waste responsibly
Guidance for buyers and importers • Carry out a quick risk assessment of new species
Suppliers, retailers and purchasers • Know what you are growing and buying • Be aware of hitch-hiking pests on plants and in soil • Provide alternatives to invasive species • Provide advice on disposal: Be Plant Wise • Label plants clearly and accurately • Trades Description Acts • Promote your compliance with this Code of Good Practice
Control of invasive species • Take advice on the best control techniques • Control invasive non-native plants safely
Partnership marketing • Engagement with retail sector • trusted intermediaries • influence gardeners on our behalf • Participating in the campaign helps them be seen as responsible retailers • Cost effective
Sources of Information about Plants (base: ‘Gardeners’; n=416)
Disposing of Plants (base: ‘Gardeners’; n=416) 4 respondents admitted to disposing of plants into the wild 2 admitted to planting them in the wild 1 admitted to putting aquatic plants into a pond, river or lake
Time table • Public Launch – Thursday 8th of March • Horticulture Code of Good Practice • Be Plant Wise: primary focus!