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Evolution of geopolitics

Evolution of geopolitics

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Evolution of geopolitics

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  1. Evolution of geopolitics

  2. Origins of geopolitics

  3. Golden age of geopolitics: second half of the 19th century first part of the 20th century. • Hausofer’s death put a shift in the geopolitics history • End of Geopolitik. • Before his death geopolitics was assimilated to a science to achieve political goals. • Geopolitics and strategy = political decisions

  4. Scientism • Science is a way to get explanation about facts. Religion lost its importance. • Science helps men to understand humanity • Causes + facts = determinism • New theories : • Positivism • Marxism • Psychoanalysis

  5. Men is the main center of topics and can dominate everything • Geopolitics got its roots from scientism

  6. Social Darwinism • Human is under the evolution law. • Human has to fight to survive • Human has to conquer territories to settle • Territories became a object of desire (Jerusalem) • Human gets different with animals because he masters • Tools (weapons, navy = colonies) • Writings • Power

  7. Facts • The first WW offers a new vision of geopolitics • Competition between European Nations and emergence of US and Japan • Colonization • Imperialism • 1920 treaties follow the logic of Darwin • End of empires • Sanction of Germany • The two second world wars illustrates the vision of Darwinism

  8. Classic geopolitics

  9. Geopolitik death, geopolitics birth • In 1945 end of faith in science and progress • Geopolitics is more specific • US : world peace with IO • USSR : Construction and protection of USSR • UK : seeks US protection • Cold war : more geopolitical approach than ideological • Ex: Viet-Nam war:hegemonic vision of US against soviet expansionism and Viet-Name.se Nationalism • Alliance between China and US to counter USSR