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Video Camera Security and Surveillance System

Video Camera Security and Surveillance System

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Video Camera Security and Surveillance System

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  1. ICAMES 2008 Team Members : Semih Altınsoy Denis Kürov Team Advisor: Assist. Prof. M. ElifKarslıgil May, 2008 YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY COMPUTER ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Video Camera Security and Surveillance System

  2. Introduction General System Modules Motion Detection Face Detection Face Recognition Zone Network Conclusions and future work TABLE OF CONTENTS

  3. The system is a video surveillance security system which alerts users for some situations. The main workflow is that a fixed security camera will capture the videos continuously to checkout if there is movement in the area. If there is any movement in the zone, the movement differentiation between the current and previous one. If the diffrence is above the predefined value, the object will be checked if it is human or not. If the moving object is a human, its identity will be compared with current image database byface recognition module. If the face identity is not found in the database, the user will be alerted about current situation. We will have permission rules for detection also. User can select rules for sending alarms, allow people, allow motion etc. Introduction

  4. That system’s abilities are; Burglar following Prevent accessing forbidden areas Child protection for accidents etc. introduction

  5. System has five main module. - Motion Detection - Face Detection Lighting Compensation Skin Tone Detection in YCbCr Space Find eyes and mouth Resize Face - Face Recognition ComputeEigenspace Project the Training Data Identify the Test Images - Zone - Network GENERAL SYSTEM MODULES

  6. General System Module

  7. Motion detection is a trigger for face detection and recognition module. For motion detection we are looking for current and previous frame. (Current Frame – Previous Frame) > Threshold For this situation, we can understand that there is a motion. Threshold is a value for motion sensitivity. Motion detection

  8. This technique is a face detection in YCbCr color space. Red-Green-Blue space is not a best choice for face detection. Firstly system corrects the color with a lighting compensation technique. It uses reference white to normalize the color appearance. The corrected RGB components are nonlinearly transformed in YCbCr color space. Face Detection based on the cluster (Cb/Y)-(Cr/Y) subspace. Skin-tone pixels are detected using an elliptical skin model in transformed space. Face detection

  9. C’i(Y)= { (Ci(Y) – Ci-(Y)) ∙ Wci / Wci(Y) + Ci-(Kh) if Y<Kl or Kh <Y { Ci(Y) if Y Є [Kl, Kh], Wci(Y)= { WLci + ((Y-Ymin) ∙ (Wci - WLci))/ (Kl - Ymin) if Y< Kl { WHci + ((Ymax-Y) ∙ (Wci - WHci))/ (Ymax- Kh) if Kh<Y Cb-(Y)= { 108 + ((Kl - Y) ∙ (118-108)) / (Kl - Ymin) if Y< Kl {108 + ((Y- Klh) ∙ (118-108)) / (Ymax- Kh) if Kh<Y Cr-(Y)= { 154 - ((Kl - Y) ∙ (154-144)) / (Kl - Ymin) if Y< Kl {154 - ((Y- Klh) ∙ (154-132)) / (Ymax- Kh) if Kh<Y We calculated transformed CbCr subspace with this transformation. Face detection

  10. And this is the ellipse formula for skin tones. x = (cosθ * C’b(Y)-cx) + (sinθ * C’r(Y)- cy) y= (-sinθ * C’b(Y)-cx) + (cosθ * C’r(Y)- cy) (x-ecx)2 / a2 + (y-ecy)2 / b2 = 1 Transformed CbCr Space Reference: Face Detection in Color Images - Rein-Lien Hsuy, Student Member, IEEE, Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb, Member, IEEE, Anil K. Jainy, Fellow, IEEE Face detection

  11. Find Eyes and Mouth. The color of mouth region contains red component and weaker blue component. So the chrominance component Cr is stronger than Cb in mouth region. Mouth Map= Cr2 ∙ ( Cr2 – η ∙ Cr/Cb)2 η = 0.95 ∙ ((1/n) ∑Cr(x,y)2 ) / ( (1/n) ∑ Cr(x,y)/Cb(x,y) ) After the facial feature detection module rejects the regions that do not contain any facial features, we will find eyes of the face with black dots in the up-half of the picture. Reference: Face Detection in Color Images - Rein-Lien Hsuy, Student Member, IEEE, Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb, Member, IEEE, Anil K. Jainy, Fellow, IEEE FACE DETECTION

  12. Eigenface (Training Stage)‏ Load The image data into memory Produce a centered image from all Create data matrix Create the covariance matrix Compute the eigenvalues and eigenspaces Order The EigenVectors Each Trainig data is projected into eigenspace Every sub eigenspace stored in XML for future use Face Recognition

  13. Eigenface (Testing Stage)‏ Pull previous XML data into memory Test image is mean centred Mean centred image is projected into eigenspace The sub eigenspace is compared with all training ones If a very close match occurs the person is identified Otherwise you are a bad person,sorry! Face Recognition

  14. That module is responsible for the rules that will be applied on different places on the screen. When a new frame is taken, firstly it should pass the Zone Module's rules. -add_Policy : That sub module adds a new policy to the current screen section. The options are “allow_all”,”deny_all”,”allow_only [list of users]”,”deny_only [list of users]”. The policies are kept in linked list object. -remove_Policy: That one removes a policy rule. -edit_Policy: Edits the mentioned one. -list_Policy: Gets all list that was added. -apply_policy : It works as follow; it scans the current security list and if it gets a match, it quits. If the apply_policy gets a negative result, it is an alert. Zone

  15. Networking part (server) Collecting alert videos and images Responsible for Authentication and Authorization Provides safer Data transfer for clients Sends the videos and images to mobile and other clients Uses X.503 certificates and SSL connections Supplies log search and management for client parts No malicious users around ! Network

  16. Networking Part (Client and Server Case Study)‏ At the beginning Server produces its certificate(root)‏ Minions (clients) make server sign their certificates They are known clients and can send data to server A stranger is inside and detection part send alert with video Client passes the security of server and send its video Server now can alert the other minions that it signed before Everything is safer when it is crypted with 256 bit NETWORK

  17. In conclusion, this system can make burglar following, prevent accessing forbidden areas, child protection for accidents etc. This system is a real time system. So its some features like face recognition and detection can be better and more faster. Also for the future work there can be a mobile part. The system can be manageable by remote clients like mobile phones, PDAs and other PCs. In that way users can receive and control alerts of the system and manage logs, videos that system saved as critical. User can connect remote desktop computer with his/her mobile phone and control, manage logs and videos that system saved. Conclusions and future work

  18. THANK YOU ???