UNECE Peer Review Mechanisms 6 July 2015
Peer review mechanisms • Environmental Performance Reviews • Committee on Environment Policy • Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management • Committee on Housing and Land Management • Innovation Performance Reviews • Committee on Economic Cooperation and Integration • Studies on Procedural and Regulatory Barriers to Trade • Steering Committee on Trade Capacity and Standards
EPR Process 1/2 • Preparation • Review Mission • Expert Review • Peer Review • Publication • Launch
Process Notes: a) Country Profiles on Housing and Land Management b) Environmental Performance Reviews c) Innovation Performance Reviews d) Studies on procedural and regulatory barriers to trade
Croatia: 2nd Environmental Performance Review, 2013 • Benefits for the reviewed country - contribution to the improvement of national environmental management - objective, well-argumented and non-judgmental report by the recognized authority - neutral perspective - well framed, constructive recommendations - a number of recommendations corresponding to national MDG environmental targets - report serves as a basis in preparation of environmental policy documents
Croatia: Examples of policy changes due to EPR • Waste management: - remediation of official and illegal landfills - construction of waste management centers - investments in primary waste selectionsystem • Cleaner transport: - co-financing in procurement of ecologically acceptable vehicles for public and companies - determination of excise duty according to ecological criteria - Act on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles - the “greening” of public transport in cities and municipalities
Germany: Role of the reviewer country • Triple role of Germany: reviewer in the ECE, donor for the reviews in ECE, and reviewed country in OECD • Review of EPR report in consultation with an official country delegation of the reviewed country, with particular attention given to conclusions and recommendations. • Support the ECE EPR Programme with human and financial resources for many years (since 2010, 8 EPRs supported). • As a member of OECD, Germany’s performance is also regularly reviewed (3 reviews since 1990’s; last one in 2012 with 29 recommendations).
Germany: Benefits for a reviewer? • EPRs install a policy dialogue among countries • EPRs stimulate cooperation between countries and identify needed areas for further cooperation • EPRs improve environmental convergence throughout the UNECE region • EPRs create opportunities for a mutual learning process between countries
Questions for discussion • What could be the added value of regional peer review mechanisms in a multi-layered accountability framework on SDGs? • Can the broad scope of SDGs be covered by peer review mechanisms? • What existing bodies or platforms could be engaged in SDG peer review?