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Kitchens. Kitchen Basics. What you need to know… Work Centers Work Triangle Layouts How to draft. Kitchen Location. The kitchen is one of the busiest and most expensive rooms in the home. It should be planned to save time and energy for those who work in it.

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  1. Kitchens

  2. Kitchen Basics What you need to know… • Work Centers • Work Triangle • Layouts • How to draft

  3. Kitchen Location... The kitchen is one of the busiest and most expensive rooms in the home. It should be planned to save time and energy for those who work in it. The well-planned kitchen can prevent hazards that might cause accidents. It can also provide a pleasant environment for family members.

  4. Kitchen Location... The location of the kitchen on the floor plan is important and depends upon several factors: Convenience to yard or outside work area. Where does the homeowner want the kitchen window? Do they want to look out at the street or in the back yard? Convenience of unloading groceries and disposing of garbage and trash. Easy access to the front or back door.

  5. "Great Room" concept... • The term “great room” refers to the open floor plan concept, and usually includes the kitchen. • This is not a good plan for the cook who prefers to work alone, or keep the kitchen messes “hidden”.

  6. "Great Room" concept...

  7. Kitchen Size... • When planning the kitchen consider: • the number of people who will use the kitchen • the type of entertaining the household does • where dining will take place

  8. Kitchen Size... • When planning the kitchen consider: (continued) • Will the kitchen include a laundry, home office center, gardening center, fireplace, or areas for rest and relaxation, child care, sewing, home business, or pantry storage? • What type and amount of cooking, baking, etc. will the household do? 

  9. Kitchen Size... Small kitchen8’ x 10’ – 10’ by 10’ Large kitchen10’ x 12’ and up

  10. What do we do in the kitchen?

  11. Kitchen Work Centers... Each kitchen has 3 major work centers that must be considered when designing the layout Food Preparation & Storage Cooking & Serving Clean Up

  12. Food Storage & Prep Center This center is focused around the refrigerator • Includes: • Refrigerator • best located so it will not block movement from one work center to another • The swing of the refrigerator door should not interfere with food transfer to other work centers or the dining table. • Cabinets/Pantry • Counter Space • An 15-18-inch counter should be beside the door handle. nce

  13. Cooking & Serving Center • This center is planned around the range or cook-top. • In this area supplies, tools and equipment should be stored for food preparation • It is most desirable to store serving dishes in this area. In planning this center, • 15 inches of counter space on either side of the range or cook-top is the minimum. • Space is also needed to set serving dishes and to use as work area. 30” depth incl. handle 30” width

  14. Clean Up Center This center is focused around the sink. • You may want to include a garbage disposal and a dishwasher • Ideally, there is at least 18 “ on one side and 24 “ on the other side of the sink. 33-36” width 24” depth .

  15. Other Work Centers... • May include: • Mixing Center • Baking Center • Planning Center • Laundry Area

  16. The Work Triangle... • The work triangle consists of imaginary lines that connect the middle of the refrigerator, with the middle of the range and the middle of the sink. • For maximum comfort and efficiency, the three legs of the work triangle should total a minimum of 12’ and a maximum of 26'.

  17. The Work Triangle... Traffic pattern Traffic patterns should not cross through the work triangle Each leg of the triangle should be nearly equal

  18. Kitchen Layouts... There are four basic kitchen layouts: One Wall L Shaped Work Triangle Two Wall or Galley or Corridor U Shaped

  19. In the one-wall kitchen, the appliances should be at least 48" apart (measure from center to center of the appliances). Work Triangle • Popular for use in apartments and smaller homes. • Compliment the "open space" concept used in modern homes. • Considered the least efficient.

  20. One Wall Kitchen • ADVANTAGES: • Saves Space • DISADVANTAGES: • Very little counter or storage • If too long appliances are too far apart

  21. The two-wall kitchen is an efficient use of small space. • Also known as the Corridor or Galley kitchen. • Allows for convenient access to the cabinets and appliances on both walls. • Allow for the corridor to be at least 48" wide. • Closing one end off will cut down on traffic.

  22. Corridor/Galley Kitchen • ADVANTAGES: • Compact Work Triangle • Saves Space • DISADVANTAGES: • Cramped • Best for one person at a time • Work triangle interrupted by traffic patterns

  23. L Shaped Kitchen • Provides a work area largely unbroken by traffic. • Has two workstations on one wall and the third on an adjacent wall. • One of the most common kitchen designs, it provides excellent flexibility in the placement of major appliances.

  24. L Shaped Kitchen • ADVANTAGES: • Uninterrupted Work Triangle • Good area for dining • A lot of counter space • Several people can work at once • DISADVANTAGES: • Corner storage might be difficult to reach

  25. U Shaped Kitchen • The U-Shaped kitchen is the most popular and efficient design. • This design gives you a good working environment since no traffic pattern cuts through it. • This kitchen offers a great amount of counter space and one area of the "U" may be used to separate the kitchen from the dining area.

  26. U Shaped Kitchen • ADVANTAGES: • One appliance on each wall • A lot of counter space • Several people can work at once • DISADVANTAGES: • Corner storage might be difficult to reach

  27. Advantages: • provides more work space • may improve overall efficiency of the kitchen's work triangle • acts as a room divider by diverting traffic away from the work triangle • serve as an obvious focal point of the kitchen, making it a prime spot for gatherings. Kitchen Island... is a free-standing unit, composed of one or more cabinet(s) and countertop. • Disadvantage: • Requires extra space

  28. Kitchen Peninsula... • Advantage: • Only requires walking space on 3 sides so takes up less space than island • Can be additional storage (cabinets) or eating (counter) space Is a counter or counter/cabinet combo that is attached to other cabinets or to the wall. The peninsula is often used, as on this floor plan, to separate the kitchen from the dining areas. Countertops should overhang 12-15” to allow adequate seating knee space.

  29. Cabinetry Layout... 1-When you initially draw your house plan, you may just plan the general location of the appliances and cabinetry, without detail. 1 2-Eventually, you start thinking in 3 dimensions. You have to visualize the plan. 3 3-Next you draw up the room measurements, and decide exactly what cabinets will go where. 2

  30. Wall & Base Cabinets... • Two basic types of cabinets • Wall • 30”standard height • 42” or 48” custom height • 12” deep • Base • 30-36” height • 24” deep • Materials • Wood such as: birch, pine, cherry or walnut • Laminate • Metal • Options include: • Glass panels, special storage, rolling trays, lazy susan, plate rack 12” Wall Cabinet depth 12” Soffit 8’ or 96” standard ceiling height 24” Base Cabinet depth Toe Kick

  31. Labeling the Floor Plan... • Refrigerators with REF • Dishwashers with DW. • Use architectural symbols for the range and sink. • Label special appliances such as trash compactors. • Use W for wall cabinets. • Label the width first followed by the height. • A 30” tall wall cabinet that is 24 inches wide would be labeled W2430. • Wall cabinets above ranges and refrigerators may only be 12-15” tall…allow 24” over range minimum. Special cabinets over refrigerators are 24” deep.

  32. Labeling the Floor Plan... • Use B for base cabinets. • Base cabinets generally have drawers on top and doors on the bottom. Label them according to width, such as B24. • Use DB for drawer units, preceded by the number 3 or 4 to indicate the number of drawers and followed by the width. 3DB18 is 18 inches wide and has 3 drawers. • Use RT to indicate that roll trays are used instead of stationary shelves in base cabinets. B24RT CONTINUED

  33. Start with the Corners... A corner can potentially represent wasted space in a kitchen. Specialized cabinets can take advantage of corners. Corner wall units take 24” on each wall; base units take 36” Corner cabinets might have different types of “_________________” revolving features or __________________

  34. Your turn to draw… Back door to garage Patio B27 REF DW 12 x 22’ B24BB B18 Pantry 36 x 84 Living Room

  35. Add the wall cabinets; labeling all of them… Back door to garage Patio B27 REF DW 12 x 22’ B24BB W3630 B18 Pantry W2430 Draw and label work triangle with linear feet of each leg Living Room

  36. Kitchen design project... Name:___________ Due: __________ Draw this “great room”. The measurements given are interior dimensions of the room. Be original and creative...but include all the required features listed below. 10’ 8’ 20’ 26’ Kitchen work area showing and labeling all cabinetry, informal dining space for 4 people, family room area, windows as desired, door out to balcony, door to laundry room, door to formal living/dining room combination, work triangle with each leg labeled with linear feet

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