Centers for Research Excellence in the Polish Higher Edcuation dr Dominik Antonowicz Financing Higher Education IN SEARCH OF EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS BASED ON BEST PRACTICES IN NORTH AMERICA, EUROPE, AND ASIA June 28-29, 2013, Hotel Hyatt, Warsaw
National systems findthemselveslocatedinan increasingly global marketplacethathasparticularsignificance for thiermoreprestigiousinstitutions”. (Palfreyman & Tapper 2009, ix) “Europe is no longer setting the pace in the global race for knowledge and talent, while emerging economies are rapidly increasing their investment in higher education....too few European higher education institutions are recognised as world class in the current, research oriented global university rankings... And there has been no real improvement over the past years.” (European Commission (2011) “Supporting growth and jobs – an agenda for the modernisation of Europe"s higher education system”, COM(2011)567/2, http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher-education/doc/com0911_en.pdf, p. 2)
Concentrating Excellence? Most of European countries pursues a resource-intensive “world class university” strategy at the same time public budgets and affordability declining; EU FP has switched from encouraging research growth to consolidating and concentrating research in “centers of excellence”/EIT; If higher education is a global indicator, inevitable more attention will be focused on ensuring its capacity/capability for competitive advantage; EU slowly, quietly and systematically restructuring European HE/research; Merger/reshaping (e.g. Germany, France, Denmark, Greece, Finland, Russia, Flanders, Ireland). (Ellen Hazelkorn 2012)
Poland Poland spends on R&D approximately 0.4% GDP which is low in comparison to other EU or theOECD countries. The structure of spending shows the dominance of public spending (65%) over private ones (35%) which is the opposite to the dominant trend in OCED countries. Most of researchconductedin Poland ishardlyvisibleoutsidethe country.
The research policy can influence (a) the level of funding; (b) the structure of funding; (c) thedistribution of funding
Public Research Spending in Poland The Budget for R&D in Poland 6.565.718 PLN
Research Assesment Exercise RAE is conducting assessment of around 1000 research units among 76% are university departments. RAE categorizes research units into three basic categories A; B; C; according to the quality of their research outcomes. The type of category gives prestige and also has a direct impact on the level of institutional funding (block grants). As the result of RAE as many as 849 research units receive institutional funding for research.
How to create the centers of research excellence in the Polish higher education?
Excellence Initiative (KNOW) By 2017 each centre with KNOW status will receive PLN 50 million of extra co-financing – PLN 10 million per year. The laureates of the first edition of the contest are six search centres in the area of sciences, medicine, pharmaceutical science and the health sciences The funding will be spent on the strengthening of their research and development capacity, the development of research staff, the creation of attractive conditions for research work, the building of a strong and visible brand, pay rises for researchers and the employment of foreign scholars in Poland.
Tentative Conclusions • Institutional research funding (block grants) seems to be widely diffused. It reamins to be open if there are not too many institutions receiving block grants from the government? • Most of the competitive public research funding goes to two big public universities in Warsaw and Cracow. They are clearly leaders in absorbing research grants and natural candidates for the Polish flagship universities. • In terms of effectiveness, the dominance of the big universities appears to be less obvious. • There is need to address the issue of concentration of the research funding.
Thank you for attention dr Dominik Antonowicz Institute of Sociology Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń/Poland firstname.lastname@example.org