A Personal Safety & Self Defense Presentation • Presented by the UAA Police
A Personal Safety & Self Defense Presentation • Who is responsible for your personal safe? YOU ARE!
When it comes to your Personal Safety there are Four issues to consider. • AWARENESS • REDUCTION • RECOGNITION • AVOIDANCE These are 90% of Self Defense Education!
Victims Assailant Opportunity Remove the Foundation of Opportunity The Victimization Triangle
Awareness : Lessen Your Chances of Being a Victim! • Be aware of your surroundings and situations that might be dangerous. • Know how to avoid these situations. • Know what choices to make if you find yourself in a potential situation.
Awareness:Maintaining Self-Control • Remember if you allow alcohol and other drugs to impair your judgment, you make yourself vulnerable to anything.
Reduction/Avoidance Strategies: When You go out • Make sure you have a say in where you go and who will be with you. • Have other transportation and/or money available if you choose to leave a date. • Stay in group situations. • Let other people know your plans. • Carry your cell phone and make sure the battery is charged.
Reduction/Avoidance Strategies Tips for the Home: • Keep entrances well lit. • Check ID of service people before letting them inside. When in doubt call the company to verify. • Install peepholes and deadbolts on doors. • Never give the impression you are alone. • Keep bushes and shrubs trimmed. • Be aware of potential hiding places.
Reduction/ Avoidance Strategies for the Home, Continued: • If you come home and see open doors or windows, signs of forced entry, don’t go inside. Go to a phone or safe place and call police for help.
Reduction Avoidance Strategies in Your Car: • Keep your car in good working order. Make sure you have gas and fill up during the day. • Always have your keys out and be ready to get in your car. • Look around & under your car while walking to it. If something looks suspicious walk past. • Lock your doors immediately after entering and keep your doors locked at all times.
Reduction Avoidance Strategies In Your Car Cont. : • Park in well lighted public areas when possible. Always lock your car. • Don’t get out of your car if something looks odd, drive away. • Look in your car when getting inside, that means in the back seat and cargo area. • If you are attacked in a parking lot roll under a car, it makes it hard to get you and call police on your cell. • Don’t help strangers who break down, call for help.
Reduction/ Avoidance Strategies In Your Car Cont.: • If you get a flat drive carefully to the nearest well lit and well traveled area before you stop. • If you are in an accident stay in your car until police arrive if you don’t feel safe about getting out. • If you are being followed don’t go home. Drive to the nearest police or fire station and honk your horn. Or drive to a gas station or store.
Reduction / Avoidance Strategies while out on foot: • Always be aware of your surroundings. • Be aware of the people and animals around you. • Walk close to the curb. Avoid doorways, bushes and alleys. • Don’t walk alone at night, avoid areas with few people or areas not well lit. • On campus call UPD for a safety escort.
Reduction / Avoidance Strategies While on Foot, Cont. : • Be careful of people who stop to ask directions. Keep your distance when answering so you can run or just tell them you don’t know and keep walking. • If you feel like you are being followed walk to a well populated area. • If you are in trouble attract attention any way you can. Yell for help or blow a whistle, don’t scream.
Recognition / Avoidance Strategies for anywhere & everyday : • Two Important Rules to remember! • Always, Trust your instincts. If you feel uneasy in a situation do something about it, don’t worry about appearing foolish or overly cautious. • Believe in yourself. Have the strength to be independent. Don’t allow your self to be intimidated.
Avoidance StrategiesSafety Tips: • Trust your instincts. If a situation, a person or a group of people make you feel uneasy walk away. • Take your cell phone. • Know the numbers? • Know where the emergency phones are on campus if you don’t have a phone.
Avoidance Strategies for Sexual Assault: • Remember, Everyone has the right to say “no” to unwanted sexual contact. • No one has the right to force or coerce sex from another. • Communicate Clearly • Maintain Self-Control
Avoidance Strategies for Sexual Assault :Communicating Clearly • Be Assertive • Don’t expect your date to know what your thinking, tell them. • Mean what you say and say what you mean – firmly. No means No. • Miscommunication can make you vulnerable to rape; don’t send mixed signals.
Legal Definition of Sexual Assault(AS 11.41.410) • An offender engages in sexual penetration without consent of that person; • Attempts to engage in sexual penetration without consent and causes injury; • Or with a person the offender knows is mentally incapable, incapacitated, or unaware the act is being committed.
Rape is a “crime of passion”. Most rapists are strangers. Most rapes are interracial. Rape is a act of power, control, anger, & hostility. Sex is used to express these feelings. The majority of rapes – 80% - are committed by person known & trusted by the victim. Nationally, 90% involve a rapist and victim of the same race. Rape Myths & Realities: (STAR)
Rape only happens in dark alleys or secluded places. Only young attractive women are raped. Rape is an impulsive, uncontrollable act of sexual gratification & most rapes are spontaneous. Rapes occur anytime and place, often in familiar surroundings. Anyone can be raped. Rapists seek out the vulnerable. Children, elderly and the disabled are especially at risk. Many rapist are already in consenting sexual relationships when they commit an assault. Rapes are often planned in advance. Rape Myths & Realities Cont.:
Crimes and Victimization in American 2005 Statistical Overview The Nation Center for Victims of Crime Statistics - • In 2007, there were 248, 300 victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault. (Rape Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN website). • In 2003 39% of all rapes/sexual assaults were reported to law enforcement agencies, a 16 percent drop from 2002. • In 2003, 89% of rapes and sexual assault victims were female and 11% male. • Forty-four percent (44%) of all reported forcible rape offense were cleared by law enforcement. • Almost two-thirds of all rapes are committed by someone who is known to the victim. 73% of sexual assaults were perpetrated by a non-stranger — 38% of perpetrators were a friend or acquaintance of the victim, 28% were an intimate and 7% were another relative (National Crime Victimization Survey, 2005)
Statistics about Sexual Assault from Stand Together Against Rape (STAR) website Stats for Alaska: • Alaska is the # 1 state in the country for Rape and has been for 23 out of the last 30 years (FBI Uniform Crime Report.) • Alaska’s reported rate of rape per capita is 2.6 times the national average (FBI Uniform Crime Report). • Anchorage has the ninth (9) highest sexual assault rate of any city in the United States, and Fairbanks is ranked first (1st) (FBI Uniform Crime Report). • Native American and Alaska Native women are 2 – 2.5 times more likely to be sexually assaulted than women of all other ethnicities in the U.S. (Amnesty International Report 2007)
Never leave your drink unattended. Never! Don’t accept a drink from someone you wouldn’t trust with your life. If you feel sick or dizzy while out go to someone you trust and tell them. Call someone on the phone for help. Call 911 for help, never leave alone. Remember the purpose of these drugs is to incapacitate you. Alcohol increases the effect. Avoiding Date Rape Drugs
There are three common types (Rohypnol, GHB, Ketamine). There are other types as well. They are easy to administer (Stir into a drink and dissolve). Victims feel the effects and leave alone making them vulnerable to attack. If the victim comes to while being assaulted the drugs make them totally helpless and unable to do anything. Victims of this type of assault often doubt the event happened because of impaired memory. Drug Information
Rohypnol • Street names: “roofies”, ‘R-2”, “Rib”, “Rope” • Form: tasteless, colorless, odorless pill • How used: dissolved in someone’s drink • Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, respiratory distress, temporary amnesia, confusion, excitability, unconsiousness, & possibly death.
Ketamine • Street names: “K”, “special K”, “cat valium”, and “vitamin K”. • Form: colorless, odorless liquid or white or off-white powder • How used: mixed with beverages or added to smokable materials such as marijuana or tobacco • Effects: Depression, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, and potentially fatal respiratory problems.
GHB • Street names: “liquid ecstasy”, “liquid g” • Form: odorless liquid with salty taste • How used: poured in someone’s drink • Effects: same as Rohypnol plus… shaking, headaches, seizures, coma, temporary paralysis, & possibly death
Recognition: If Your Attacked • Keep your head. Stay calm think rationally about your options. • It may be more advisable to submit than to resist. This is especially true when confronted with a weapon. • Stay observant and alert so that you can help describe your attacker to police.
Recognition: If Your Attacked, Cont. • Should you Resist? Only YOU can decide. • Keep accessing the situation as it occurs. If one thing doesn’t work try something else. • Options include: non-resistance, negotiating, stalling for time, distracting the attacker and running to a safe place, verbal assertiveness, physical resistance, and defensive weapons.
Recognition: If Your Attacked, Cont. • If you are being forced to get into a vehicle, your life is in danger, so resist at all costs. • Attract attention, cause a disturbance or try to disable your attacker. • Do NOT get into the car. Yell, gouge their eyes, kick and/or knee them in the groin, stomp on their foot, use your elbows. • FIGHT like you never have before. This is the fight of YOUR life.
Classes / Training / Products for self-defense: • There are several classes you can take. • There are also several products you can buy, but remember if you purchase an item you need to be properly trained on how to use it and when you can use it legally.
UPD offers R.A.D. classes • The Rape Aggression Defense Basic Personal Defense System is a national program of realistic self-defense tactics and techniques taught for women only. • All courses are taught by nationally certified R.A.D. Instructors
R.A.D.’s Basic Self Defense Class • The goal of R.A.D. is to provide realistic self-defense options to women, regardless of their level of physical conditioning. • Students at all levels of ability, age, experience, and strength will be provided with techniques and information that can be effectively used from the first day of class. • R.A.D. is not a martial arts program, nor does it require students to be athletes in training to succeed.
Just a reminderfor when you need Help!!! • Call 911 • Call UPD on campus at 786-1120. • Use an Emergency Phone.
Local help for victims of Sexual Assault is provided by Standing Together Against Rape. They are located in Anchorage and available 24/7. STAR 1057 Fireweed Lane, Suite 230 Anchorage, AK 99503 email@example.com (907) 276-7279 For Help: STAR