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# Foundation stage

Foundation stage. numeracy.

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## Foundation stage

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1. Foundation stage numeracy

2. • Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures. (EYFS statutory framework, March 2012) What will your child learn?

3. Numbers: children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing. What will your child learn? Shape, space and measures: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

4. Through imaginative play – children will make up their own games and scenarios where they use language, solve their own problems and feel safe and secure doing so; How will your child learn? Through structured play – the teacher will set up a ‘play’ area with equipment for the children to explore, which will involve the children using mathematical language or practising their skills.

5. A child who chooses to play in the sandpit a lot will possibly learn how to negotiate, plan, communicate, listen and understand, share, how to make and keep friends, how to lead and follow in a group, how to recognise and control emotions. By working with sand, water and equipment this child may develop skills in problem solving, creating, planning, sequencing, understanding concepts and physical skills. How will your child learn?

6. By singing nursery rhymes and counting songs; How will your child learn? By counting objects, legs on dinosaurs, counters, pegs, toy cars; By initiating their own learning, choosing resources to play with, (deliberately left out in the classroom by the teacher).

7. young children learn best by exploring, trying things out, finding out what works and what doesn’t. Young children learn best through playing in an environment created for their learning where their interests are supported rather than just having information “told” to them. How will your child learn?

8. Talk about the size of objects, compare them: which is bigger/smaller, taller/shorter, longer/shorter? e.g. look at an adults and child’s shoe/clothes, cutlery, different sized trees etc. • Talk about shapes, identify them in your environment, match them, make models/pictures with shapes • Introduce them to weight through cooking – heavier/lighter • Talk about the position of objects – e.g. it’s on the chair, under the table, next to the table etc. • Create patterns using blocks, hanging washing out, cutlery, socks etc. How can you help your child learn maths at home ?

9. Activities to support knowledge of time, money and numbers: Look at the calendar, talk about the date; Point out numbers on signs when you are out; Look at house numbers; Talk about prices when you are out shopping; Number puzzles / blocks / cards – order the numbers; Match a number of objects to the number card; Number pairs / snap How can you help your child learn maths at home ?

10. Activities to support counting: • Count the toys as you put them away; • Count the number of lampposts as you walk down the street; • Count the tree / flowers in the garden; • Count the clothes on the washing line; • Count the cutlery as you lay the table. How can you help your child learn maths at home ?

11. Fun activities to do at home • Counting and putting numbers in order • Use old magazines, comics or greetings cards. • Cut out pictures of animals, or anything else your child is interested in. Label the animals 1 to 5. • Shuffle the animals. Put them in order from 1 to 5. • Remove one animal. Ask your child which number is missing. Repeat with other numbers and more than one missing number. • Ask your child to say what number comes before or after a number you choose. • When your child can do this, repeat with numbers 1 to 10. How can you help your child learn maths at home ?

12. Some good websites: http://www.familylearning.org.uk/online_math_games.html http://www.topmarks.co.uk/Interactive.aspx?cat=1 http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/websites/eyfs/ http://www.crickweb.co.uk/Early-Years.html

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