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Run-ons and Comma Splices

Run-ons and Comma Splices

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Run-ons and Comma Splices

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  1. Run-ons and Comma Splices By: Shally, Kevin, and Brandon

  2. What are independent and dependent clauses? • A clause is a thought that has a subject and verb. • An independent clause is a thought that can stand alone. • A dependent clause is a thought that can not stand alone and depends on the independent clause. • An Example: • After we finished dinner, we went to the movies. • The independent clause is in orange and the dependent clause is in green.

  3. What is A Run-on? • “A run-on is two complete thoughts that are run together with no adequate sign given to make the break down between them” (Langan) • A run-on usually lacks proper punctuation between the clauses. • An Example: • Brandon’s car is in the shop and the transmission has failed.

  4. What is a Comma Splice? • A comma splice is a type of run-on sentence where two sentences are connected with a comma instead of a semicolon, or a comma and conjunction. • An Example: • I go to school, my brother stays home.

  5. What is a Fused Sentence? • A fused sentence is a type of run-on that has no punctuation marks at all. • It is a run-on that is joined as if it is one single thought. • An Example: • Tom read the novel his friend saw the movie.

  6. When do Run-ons Appear? • “When an independent clause gives an order or directive based on what was said in the prior independent clause” (Run-ons). • An Example: • “This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it, you should start studying right away” (Run-ons).

  7. When Do Run-ons Appear? • When the second sentence has a pronoun that relates to the first sentence, run-ons frequently occur. • An Example: • “The men at the door claimed to have paving material left over from another job they wanted to pave our driveway for a ‘bargain price’” (Langan)

  8. When do Run-ons Appear? • Transitional words or phrases, such as however, therefore, and nevertheless, connecting two clauses is one of the most frequent forms of run-on sentences because it sounds and looks correctly done. • An Example: • It’s raining outside therefore don’t forget your umbrella.

  9. How to Fix Run-ons and Comma Splices: • Write each independent clause separately as sentences. • Examples: • “The men at the door claimed to have paving material left over from another job.They wanted to pave our driveway for a ‘bargain price.’” (Langan).

  10. How to Fix Run-ons and Comma Splices: • “Use a semicolon to separate the two independent clauses” (“Lesson”) • Examples: • Brandon’s car is in the shop; the transmission has failed. • Tom read the novel; his friend saw the movie.

  11. How to Fix Run-ons and Comma Splices: • Use a comma and a connecting word. • Connecting words are: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So (FANBOYS) • Examples: • “This next chapter has a lot of difficult information in it, so you should start studying right away.” (Run-ons). • I go to school, and my brother stays home.

  12. How to Fix Run-ons and Comma Splices: • “Use a semicolon and one of the following words: therefore, furthermore, thus, however, also, nevertheless, consequently” (“Lesson”) • An Example: • It’s raining outside; therefore,don’t forget your umbrella.

  13. Works Cited: Blue, Tina. "What Is a Comma Splice, and How Do I Fix It?.“ Grammar and Usage for the Non-expert. 11 August 2000. 29 Jun 2009 <http://grammartips.homestead.com/splice.html>. "Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices." Writing Center.Vincennes University. 30 Jun 2009 <http://www.vinu.edu/cms/opencms/academic_resources/writing_center/wcfragrocs.html>. Langan, John. College Writing Skills with Readings. 7th. New York: McGraw, 2008. "Lesson Topic: Run-On Sentences." Myenglishteacher.net. 2001. Advanced learning Center. 25 Jun 2009 <http://www.myenglishteacher.net/runonsentences.html>. "Run-on Sentences, Comma Splices." The Guide to Grammar and Writing. Capital Community Technical College Foundation. 25 Jun 2009. <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/runons.htm>. Wertz, Boris. “Finding and Correcting Runons and Comma Splices." copyediting-grammar-style.suite101.com. 25 Jun 2009. <http://copyediting-grammarstyle.suite101.com/article.cfm/how_ to_correct_runon_sentences_commasplices>.