Definition • That principle by which the interpretation of a verse or group of verses is determined by a consideration of its covenantal setting. • It is the agreements or contracts made between God and man. • They can be conditional or unconditional • 8 covenants found in the Word of God
The Edenic Covenant • It was established in Gen 1:28-30 and 2:15-17 • It was a conditional covenant for the life within the Garden of Eden • It ended with disobedience
The Adamic Covenant • It is an unconditional covenant. • It was made or given at the close of the dispensation of Innocence. • It consists of a curse and a promise. • This covenant was for life outside of the Garden. • It is still in effect today.
The Noahic Covenant • It began after Noah left the Ark. • It was an unconditional covenant. • God would never again totally destroy the earth by flood. • The sign of this covenant is the rain bow. • Capital punishment is introduced (Gen. 9:6)
The sign of this covenant is the rain bow. • Seasons (winter, fall, summer & spring) would continue. • Meat could be included in our diet. • Covenant still in effect until the earth is destroyed by fire (II Peter 3:12-13)
The Abrahamic Covenant • It is an unconditional covenant. • A promise to Abraham. • God would make him to be a blessings to others. • God would make his name great.
From Abraham would come a great nation. • Those who blessed him would be blessed. • Those who cursed him would be cursed. • Still in effect and will completely fulfilled during the dispensation of the Millennial.
The Mosaic Covenant • It paralleled the dispensation of the Law. • It was a conditional covenant. • The Law of Moses. • This covenant ended on the Day of Pentecost. • Some of the principles are still in effect.
The Palestinian Covenant • Actually a continuation of the Mosaic Covenant (Duet. Chp. 27-30). • It was a conditional covenant. • It was a promise to the Jews of returning to the land of Palestine. • Of God’s revenge upon Israel’s enemies. • It will end with the new heaven and new earth.
The Davidic Covenant • Spoke through the prophet Nathan • It was both conditional and unconditional. • Conditional- If David’s descendants were faithful they were to always rule. They were not and were ultimately removed. • Unconditional- The promise of the Messiah through the lineage of David.
The New Covenant • It is unconditional. Not that all will be saved but all can be saved. • This covenant is based upon the blood of Christ. • The laws of God would be written in our hearts (God’s Spirit within us) instead of tables of stone. • This covenant opened the door for Gentiles.
Summary • The Abrahamic, Palestinian, Mosaic, Davidic and New Covenant were made to Israel (Romans 9:4) The Church is included because we are the seed of Abraham. • The Adamic and Noahic are general covenants made with mankind. • The Edenic Covenant was made to Adam and Eve.
Analogy • These covenants are like eight different contracts for eight different people. • These contracts would have differences and similarities. • They would have things in common but things very specific for each person. • Look at it as a builder building a house for eight different people.