Mini Quiz • 1.According to Freud, the internal structure of the mind consists of • a. the oral, anal, and phallic stages. • b. the id, ego, and superego. • c. libido and Thanatos. • d. psychic energy and psychic conflict.
Mini Quiz • 2. If you are experiencing psychic conflict, the conflict is between or among your • a. libido and Thanatos. • b. preconscious, conscious, or unconscious minds. • c. id, ego, or superego. • d. psychic energy and libido.
Mini Quiz • 3. The assumption of psychic determinism leads directly to the conclusion that many of the important things that go on in the mind are • a. conscious. • b. accidental. • c. unconscious. • d. the result of free will.
Mini Quiz • 4. Freud found that many of his patients' problems were cured through • a. the administration of therapeutic drugs. • b. training them to repress painful experiences. • c. electroconvulsive shock therapy. • d. simply talking about their problems.
Mini Quiz • 5) Hmmmmm……. • A) • B) • C) • D)
Consciousness • Conscious • Preconscious • Unconscious
The Mind CS PCS UCS
The Mind CS PCS UCS ID
The Mind CS PCS UCS Ego ID
The Mind CS PCS UCS Ego Superego ID
Therapy • Most psychological problems are a result of issues in the UCS • Conflicts in the UCS between id, ego, superego • Goal of therapy is to make the UCS CS! • Catharsis • Deal with is rationally • Map the mind
Therapy • How? • Dreams • UCS “pops” out • Manifest vs. Latent content • Did not believe in universal symbols • Meaning vary for each individual
Therapy • Hypnosis • Used early in career • Free association • Psychic Determinism • Nothing is random! • “Talking Cure” • Accidents
Therapy • Transference • The tendency to bring ways of thinking that developed with one important person into a later relationship with a different person • Good tool for therapists • Can be dangerous
Therapy • What happens when the UCS starts to become CS? • Person starts to feel worse! • Anxiety • Many people try “not to think about it” because of this
Therapy • Important for a therapeutic alliance to occur • Bond between therapist and client • Helps client deal with this anxiety • This usually takes many years
Cons • Nonverifiable • Theory of development not consistent with the data • Theory developed from a limited and homogenous population – young, female, and behavioral symptoms were similar • Sexist
Pros • Emphasizes the importance of childhood • Attempts to understand unconscious forces • Defense mechanisms
Why Important • A complete theory of personality • Shows what a theory should look like • Still influences therapy • Talking cure • free association • billing for missed appointments
Why Important • Culture • “Why did you really do that” • “Looking for a father figure” • “Uptight” • “What is he trying to overcompensate about?” • “Letting it all hang out”
Why Important • Asked the right questions • Dreams • Humor • Early life • Sexual attraction • Love • Anxiety • Modern day researchers are still looking for answers to these questions!