RABI CAMPAIGN- 2009 Dept. of Agriculture & Cane Development Govt. of Jharkhand
JHARKHAND STATE PROFILE Area in % Area in Lakhs Ha * Total Geographical Area : 79.71 *Cultivable Land : 38.00 *Net Sown Area : 28.08% 22.38 *Current Fallow : 11.12% 8.87 *Other Fallow : 08.46% 6.74 *Forest: 29.20% 23.28 *Barren Lands : 7.20% 5.74 *Non – Agricultural Use : 8.60% 6.86 *Pasture and Other Grazing Land : 2.48% 1.97 *Cultivable Waste Land : 3.44% 2.74 *Miscellaneous Trees Grooves : 1.42% 1.13 *Irrigated land : 12% 2.54 *Cropping Intensity : 114%
LAND SITUATION • Undulating topo-sequence • Upland consisting of Tanr I and II occupies 40% area Light textured, well drained with low pH • Medium land consisting of Tanr III and Don III occupies 30% area Medium textured moderately drain and moderately acidic • Low land consisting of Don ii and I occupies 30% area. Heavy textured, poorly drained with neutral pH. Excessive soil wetness after rice.
11th plan vision • In 2006-07 SRR was 10%, presently at 16% for Rice, 12% for Maize, 13% for pulses and 30% for oilseed. By the end of 11th plan SRR is targeted at 25% to 33%. • To increase SRR of wheat from 15% to 25%. • Productivity of Rice in 2006-07 was 1582 kg per ha, presently at 1950 kg per ha and targeted at more than 2000 kg per ha. • Food grain production was 34.982 lakh mt. in 2006-07 presently 43.00 lakh mt. and targeted at 47.00 lakh mt. • Irrigation in 2006-07 was about 9%, presently at 12% and targeted at 40% by the end of 11th plan. • In 2006-07 the seven seed villages were established, presently 21 seed villages and targeted for more than 40 seed villages. • 7 krishi vigyan kendras were there in 2006-07, presently 22 krishi vigyan kendras targeted at 24 krishi vigyan kendras. • Cropping intensity presently 114% targeted at 126%. • Additional area of 3.6 lakh ha is targeted to bring under cultivation.
contd../ • 72700 ha area of cultivable waste land and other fallow land specifically rice fallow is to be brought under cultivation more over under agro forestry i.e. cashew, bamboo etc. • The rainfall in Jharkhand is about 1400 mm, but most of the rain water suffers from run off losses. Treatment of 60515 ha has been targeted under watershed programme. • To provide planting material the establishment of 138 horticulture nursery have been targeted by the end of 11th five year plan. 30 would be hi- tech nursery. • Developing 39600 ha for horticulture and 1300 ha for floriculture development. 32000 ha old orchards are to be rejuvenated. • 3 terminal markets, 100 local hats development, 5 multi chamber cold storage and 1 mega food park have been targeted in 11th five year plan. • 1 farm mechanization training center cum workshop. Distribution of various locally suitable farm equipments to the farmers have been targeted. • 5000 Micro lift irrigation and check dams have been targeted to create more irrigation facility in the farmers field. • Strengthening and establishment of new Soil testing and fertilizer quality control lab have been targeted.
CONSTRAINTS • Poor Soil Condition : pH < 5.5 in 38.93 lakh ha, 7% of area is deficit in Zinc, Copper and Boron. • Soil Erosion . • Mono cropping. • Inadequate input availability – • Low level of Irrigation – 12%. • Seed Replacement Rate, Paddy-16%,Maize-12%,Pulses - 13%,Oilseed- 30% • Low adoption of horticultural plantation. • Inadequate post harvest infrastructure. • Lack of organized marketing facilities. • Run off Loss. • Low Credit/Insurance • Inadequate Infrastructure • Existing sizeable vacancies
STRATEGY AND AREAS OF FOCUS • Integrated development of major food crops such as paddy, wheat, coarse cereals, Millet, pulses, oilseeds , vegetables etc- • increasing productivity, • net sown area, • cropping intensity, • improving SRR. • Agriculture mechanization • Improvement of soil health through use of basic slag and lime. • Extension of rain fed farming systems • Convergence of Micro Lift Irrigation to Watershed and clusters. • Support to State seed farms/ BAU/ KVKs/ Seed Villages • Integration of Non-Farm Activities to Farm families through income generation. • Introduction & use of organic manures (vermicompost) through women SHG.
Financial Status of Central Schemes Rs. In Lakhs
Reduction from Normal in mm /Reduction % 16.9/7.19 % 148.8/74% 80.4/24% 97.1/30%
Distribution of Contingent Crop Seed to Cover unsown area during Kharif 2009-10
Seed Situation for Rabi 2009-10 Gram and Linseed seed not available with above mentioned unit. Only TL Seed Available with Linseed.
Procurement Plan of Certified Seed from Different Agencies Quantity in Qtl.
Progress report of Quality Control Fertilizer lab. Ranchi during Year 2008-09 • Action Taken :- • A. For One NPK Sample vide letter no. 2309, dated: 01.11.2008 & DAO Deoghar was directed to take action. • B. Other NPK sample from Chatra was freed on Technical ground. • 2 SSP Sample – vide letter no. 2308 dated : 01.11.2008 DAO chatra was directed to take action. • 3. Granulated mixture – Sample was from outside state (Divisional JDA Kolhapur)
100% Seed Treatment Campaign in Rabi, 2009 • To achieve the seed treatment campaign in Rabi, 2009 State Department will organize training programme at State/ District/ Block level for extension functionaries/ farmers. • Demonstration of seed treatment, distribution of pamphlets, posters among farmers will be done with the help of pesticide manufacturing companies & seed producing companies. • Awareness programme among Anganwari Sevika, Students, Publishing newspaper, Broadcasting through Radio and TV Telecast will also performed.
Seed Treatment Campaign (2007-08, 2008-09 & 2009-10) Target & Achievement in Nos.
Seed Treatment Campaign (2007-08, 2008-09 & 2009-10) Target & Achievement in Ton.
Consumption of Pesticides (t tech grade material) in Jharkhand Source : Agriculture Research Data book 2007 IASRI (ICAR), New Delhi-01
Research Gap Achievable Gap (62.5%)
Technology for Wheat Production • Seed bed preparation with reduced tillage for efficient utilization of soil moisture for crop establishment. • Timely seeding with treated improved seed in right depth with recommended seed rate in proper plan geometry for adequate plant population per unit area. • Scheduling of available irrigation based on critical stages of crop growth for higher water use efficiency and input use efficiency as well. • Use of organic manure with recommended fertilizer for higher yield and sustainable soil health. • Integrated management of weed, insect-pests and diseases. • Promotion of intercropping Wheat with Chickpea/ lentil/ mustard in limited irrigation to meet the domestic need of cereal-pulses-oilseeds of tribal farming community.
Kisan Credit Card • Help Desk System : - SLBC has established a Help Desk to facilitate farmers in speedy disposal of Agriculture loan/ KCC with initial investment of Rs. 50,000/- given by Dept. of Agriculture & Cane Development & Rs. 90,000/- from the Bankers.
Micro Irrigation (2009-10) • Under MIP, 4 Company Registered • Monitoring as per Micro Irrigation Norms and DMIC. • Release of State share is in progress. • MI Unit established in Jharkhand.
Development & Strengthening of Infrastructure facilities for production & Distribution of Quality Seeds
Seed Village Programme * - Foundation/ Certified Seed tie up with CSC/ SSC (Uttaranchal Seed)/ SAU/ NSC/ SFCI
Procurement Plan of Foundation / Certified Seed under Seed Village Programme Quantity in Qtl.
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION(NFSM-RICE)JHARKHAND DISTRICTS SELECTED : RANCHI, HAZARIBAGH, GUMLA, SIMDEGA & WEST SINGHBHUM