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Irish and the Anglo- Saxons Abby, Molly, and Teddy

Irish and the Anglo- Saxons Abby, Molly, and Teddy

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Irish and the Anglo- Saxons Abby, Molly, and Teddy

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  1. Irish and the Anglo- Saxons Abby, Molly, and Teddy Main Idea: Focuses on what Irish life was like after the Anglo-Saxons drove most of the Celts from Britain.

  2. The Beginning of Ireland • never became a part of Charlemagne’s empire • Influenced by the Romans • Julius Caesar and his legions invaded Britain in 55 B.C.-ruled for 400 years • Angles, Saxons, and Jutes united and made Anglo-Saxons

  3. Where They Were • Anglo-Saxons lived in England with the Celts • Irish lived in Ireland • Farther in the Atlantic Ocean than Britain • Isolated and free of Germanic invasions

  4. Spread of Christianity • St. Patrick spread Christianity. • The pope had no influence on the Romans so they turned to the head of the clans. • Monasteries… -became center of Irish life -not accessible-they were on rocky coasts or steep hills -took care of their own affairs because of poor transportation and communication

  5. Daily Life • Had no cities-they were divided into clans and lived in villages • Most were farmers and raised cattle • Used coracles for trade, travel and fishing • Also seafaring people • Had peace and safety

  6. Monks and St. Columba • Rituals were not the same as the Romans • Had a lot of freedom • Set up schools to teach Christianity • Some became missionaries • St. Columba… -best known monk -did much missionary work -set up a monastery in Iona -he did missionary work there with many other non-Christian Celts -went to preach to Anglo-Saxons -set up Churches and monasteries in northern England

  7. Section 2:Christianity Main Idea: shows the spread of Christianity in Ireland and England and how the Anglo-Saxons united with Alfred the Great and what life was like for the towns of Anglo-Saxon England

  8. Christianity and Culture • Ireland was Christian • Anglo-Saxons weren’t • Pope Gregory I decided to convert Anglo-Saxons into Christians • King Ethelbert became Christian and allowed Augustine to build a Church in Canterbury • By 700 A.D. all of England was Christian • Although they accepted Christianity, they still told legends to keep much of their old culture • Bede(a great scholar) wrote the first history of English people and brought England the first way of dating events from Jesus’ birth. • Tales, stories, and historical events were said orally and they were sung or recited. • Their literature reflected the lives of the people and their culture.

  9. Alfred the Great • In 835 A.D. bands of Danes began attacking the coast of England • They chose Alfred, king of Wessex, to lead them in resisting the Danes • Alfred paid the Danes each year to leave them alone while he built a stronger army • When he thought his army was strong enough, he stopped making payments • Danes defeated Anglo-Saxons • Next year, Anglo- Saxons defeated Danes • Constructed fortresses throughout England & became king of England • Signed a treaty with the Danes, which gave them the northern part of England (became known as Danelaw)

  10. Government • Centered on the king, elected by council of lords • King directed central government, which was too weak to govern whole country • England was divided into districts called shires, run by a sheriff • Whatever area the king’s royal household was in was under the king’s peace or royal protection • King’s peace spread throughout the kingdom which helped unite Anglo-Saxon England • Witenagemot-group of nobles and church leaders who approved king’s laws, discussed problems, and acted as a court • each member was called a witan, or wise man

  11. 2 Social Classes