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Les adjectifs

Les adjectifs

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Les adjectifs

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  1. Les adjectifs

  2. Les Adjectifs • Adjectives modify nouns • They describe shape, size, color and many other things about the noun • In French many adjectives come after the modified noun

  3. Les Adjectifs • In French the correct adjective depends on the nouns gender and number • (masculine/feminine/singular/plural)

  4. Formation • Adjectives are given in the masculine/singular form • To make regular adjectives feminine add -e • Grand Grande

  5. Formation • To make regular adjectives masculine/plural add -s • Grand Grands • Petit Petits

  6. Formation • To make regular adjectives feminine/plural add -es • Grand Grandes • Petit Petites

  7. Formation Singular Plural Masc. ---- -s Fem. -e -es

  8. Formation • If the mas/sing adjective already ends in -e, then do not add another -e to the fem/sing form • Rouge Rouge

  9. Formation • If the adjective in the mas/sing form ends in an -s, then do not add another -s in the mas/plural form • Gris Gris

  10. Descriptive Adjectives • Noun + adjective

  11. Colors as Adjectives • Blue- Bleu Red- Rouge Green- Vert

  12. Colors as Adjectives • Yellow- Jaune • Orange- Orange • Brown- Marron

  13. Colors as Adjectives • Grey- Gris • White- Blanc • Black- Noir

  14. More Regular Adjectives • Tall- Grand • Short- Petit

  15. Examples • Le cahier est bleu. • The notebook is blue. • Elle a un chat orange. • She has an orange cat.

  16. Examples • Ils ont des voitures grandes et vertes. • They have some big, green cars.

  17. Adjectives that precede the noun Beauty Age Goodness Size

  18. Adjective + Noun • Beauty • Joli Pretty • Laid Ugly • Belle Beautiful • Beau Handsome

  19. Adjective + Noun • Age • Vieux Old • Jeune Young • Nouveau New

  20. Adjective + Noun • Goodness • Bon Good • Mauvais Bad

  21. Adjective + Noun • Size • Petit Small • Grand Big/Tall

  22. Irregular Endings Sing. Plur. Mas blanc blancs Fem blanche blanches

  23. Irregular Endings • Sing Plural • Masc beau beaux • Fem -------- ---------- • There is no feminine form because belle is used instead

  24. Irregular Endings • Sing Plural • Masc Vieux Vieux • Fem Vieille Vieilles

  25. Example • Il sont des beaux hommes. • They are handsome men. • Ma soeur est une petite, jolie fille. • My sister is a small, young girl.