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EQ #1 PowerPoint Presentation

EQ #1

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EQ #1

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  1. EQ #1 What was the Industrial Revolution?

  2. Industrial Revolution *The Industrial Revolution is when there was a shift from an economy based on farming and handicrafts to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in factories

  3. EQ #2 Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain?

  4. Why Great Britain? • Advancements in agriculture • Expansion of farmland • Good weather • Improved transportation • New crops

  5. Why Great Britain? • Population Explosion • More food = more people. • More people = more ??? • “Two heads are better than one – even if they are cabbage heads.” • See page 274 + =

  6. Why Great Britain? • Available capital • Capital – Money available for investment

  7. Why Great Britain? • Abundant supply of natural resources • Coal • Iron Ore • Water

  8. Why Great Britain? • Markets available for trade • Great Britain had a world-wide trading empire • “The sun never sets on the British Empire.” • Britain becomes world-wide leader in cotton production

  9. EQ #3 What were the four main industries of the 1st Industrial Revolution?

  10. Industries of the 1st Industrial Revolution • Textiles • Railroads • Iron • Coal

  11. EQ #4 What were the four main industries of the 2nd Industrial Revolution?

  12. Industries of the 2nd Industrial Revolution • Steel • Chemicals • Electricity • Petroleum

  13. EQ #5 What were the immediate effects of the Industrial Revolution?

  14. Immediate Effects • Destroyed • Cottage Industry • Cobblers • Blacksmiths • Weavers • Tailors Built and destroyed industries • Built • Coal • Railroads • Cotton • Textiles • Steel

  15. Immediate Effects Urbanization • People began to move into the cities.

  16. Immediate Effects • Working Class/Proletariat • Factory Workers • Farmers • Mine Workers • Artisans • Child Laborers Creation of the… • Middle Class/Bourgeoisie • Factory Owners • Mine Owners • Postal People • Doctors • Lawyers

  17. Immediate Effects Creation of the 24 hour workday. • Now factories and businesses can be productive 24 hours a day.

  18. EQ #6 What were the long-term effects of the Industrial Revolution?

  19. Long-Term Effects • Some countries industrialized, others didn’t

  20. Long-Term Effects • Reformation of working conditions • Child Labor Laws • Trade Unions • Socialism

  21. Long-Term Effects • Extras • Leisure time/Holiday • Women’s Rights • Compulsory Education

  22. Long-Term Effects • Creation of a world economy

  23. Long-Term Effects • Nationalism