Run-on Sentences-on Sentences A run-on sentence is a sentence that contains two improperly joined sentences (independent clauses). Incorrect: Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night theyare probably wrong.
Comma Splices A comma splice occurs when two sentences are joined with only a comma. Incorrect:Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night, theyare probably wrong.
Five Ways to Correct Run-on Sentences and Comma Splices. • Separate two ideas with a period. Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band it was a punk rock band. Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band. It was a punk rock band.
Use a Semicolon Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night they are probably wrong. Some students think they can study for an important exam by “cramming” all night; they are probably wrong. RULE: Both ideas must be related. The second half must add on to the first half in some way.
Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)(for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) First I Went to the grocery store then I went to the library. First I went to grocery store, and then I went to the library. Each coordinating conjunction expresses a certain type of relationship, so make sure you use the correct one.
Add a subordinating conjunction or dependent word.(Using one makes it a dependent clause Maria and John like skiing Karen does not. Although Maria and John like skiing, Karen does not. Some common subordinating conjunctions: After, although, before, unless, as, because, even though, if, since, until, when, while. When dependent clause comes before independent clause,separate with a comma. You do not need to separate with a comma when dependent clause comes after the independent clause
; Transition Word , • Separate two ideas with a semi-colon followed by a transition word and then a comma. • Some transition words include: • Furthermore, additionally, however, moreover, nevertheless, on the contrary, etc. • Cody likes English class; however, he does not like Science class.