a brand is any n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
A Brand is any... PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
A Brand is any...

A Brand is any...

206 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

A Brand is any...

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. term… Coke Coke name... Coca-Cola Coca-Cola design… sign… symbol… or combination… A Brand is any... …that distinguishes a product from its competition.

  2. Brand Image • A mental image that reflects the way consumers perceive a brand. • Physical: design, letters, shapes, art, colors • Psychological: emotions, beliefs, values

  3. Characteristics of Good Brand Names Virginia Slims Easy to say and remember Spic and Span Pronounceable in only one way Positive in connotation Angel Duracell Communicative of product attributes Jiffy Short and distinctive Legally protectable Fruit 'n Fibre

  4. Basic Branding Strategies Manufacturer Discount Manufacturer Brands Brands Private Label Brands Generics (no brand) Toothpaste Mint Toothpaste Toothpaste Flavor

  5. Brand Equity Brand Equity is a set of assets (and liabilities) linked to a brand’s name and symbol that adds to (or substracts from) the value provided by a product or service to a firm and/or that firm’s customers.

  6. Categories of Assets • Brand name awareness • Brand loyalty • Perceived Quality • Brand Associations • Other Proprietary Brand Assets (e.g., channel relationships, patents,…)

  7. Brand Equity Increases Value Brand Loyalty Brand Awareness Value to Customer Perceived Quality Brand Equity Value to Firm Brand Associations Other Brand Assets

  8. Brand Name Awareness • Anchor to which other associations can be attached • Familiarity-liking • Signal of substance/commitment • Brands to be considered • Examples: • Coke: seal • DuPont: strategic

  9. Brand Loyalty • Reduced marketing costs • Trade leverage • Attracting new customers • Create awareness • Reassurance • Time to respond to competitive threats • Examples: • Delta ad

  10. Perceived Quality • Reason-to-buy • Differentiate/Position • Price • Channel member interest • Extensions • Examples: • Jack in the box: COPS • American Express

  11. Brand Associations • Help process/retrieve information • Reason-to-buy • Create positive attitude/feelings • Extensions – Gerber Singles • Examples: • Nordstrom: Reinvent • 7-Eleven: Belly-flop

  12. Brand Equity and Brand Value • Brand Equity provides value to customers: • Interpretation/processing of information • Confidence in the purchase decision • Use satisfaction

  13. Brand Equity and Brand Value • Brand Equity provides value to firm: • Efficiency and effectiveness of marketing programs • Brand loyalty • Prices/margins • Brand extensions • Trade leverage • Competitive advantage

  14. Brand Building Inhibitors • Pressure to compete on price • Proliferation of competitors • Fragmenting markets and media • Complex brand strategies and relationships • Bias toward changing strategies • Bias against innovation • Pressure to invest elsewhere • Short-term pressures

  15. Brand Equity and Brand Identity Brand Identity Brand Associations Brand Equity

  16. Brand Identity • A brand identity provides direction, purpose and meaning for the brand. It is central to a brand’s strategic vision and the driver of one of the four principal dimensions of brand equity: associations, which are the heart and soul of the brand.

  17. Brand Identity • Brand identity is a unique set of brand associations that the brand strategist aspires to create or maintain. These associations represent what the brand stands for and imply a promise to customers from the organization members.

  18. Brand Identity is more than... • Brand image (how the brand is perceived now) • Brand position (the part of the brand identity and value proposition to be actively communicated to a target audience) • Product attributes • An external perspective (i.e., customer-based)

  19. Brand Identity System • A brand’s identity can be viewed from four perspectives: • brand as product • brand as organization • brand as person • brand as symbol • When we view a brand from all these perspectives, it is easier to develop/reinforce a Value Proposition, Credibility and, ultimately, a Relationship with the customer. HARLEY DAVIDSON SITE

  20. Brand Identity System Brand Identity Brand as Product Brand as Organization Brand as Person Brand as Symbol Value Proposition Credibility Brand-Customer Relationship

  21. Dimensions of Brand Identity • Brand as Product • Product Scope • Product Attributes • Quality/value • Uses • Users • Country of Origin Timex Ad Harley Site

  22. Dimensions of Brand Identity • Brand as Organization • Organization attributes (e.g., innovation, consumer concern, trustworthiness) • Local vs. global Enbridge Home Services Harley Site

  23. Dimensions of Brand Identity • Brand as Person • Personality (e.g., genuine, energetic, rugged,…) • Brand-customer relationships (e.g., friend, adviser,…) Chevy Monte Carlo Ad Harley Site

  24. Dimensions of Brand Identity • Brand as symbol • Visual imagery and metaphors • Brand heritage Apple Ad Harley Site

  25. Value Proposition • Functional Benefits: A BMW car handles well, even on ice. • Emotional Benefits: Excited in a BMW. • Self-Expressive Benefits: Sophisticated and successful in a BMW.

  26. Brand Position • Brand position is the part of the brand identity and value proposition that is to be actively communicated to the target audience and that demonstrates an advantage over competing brands • JC Penney’s position • Girl Scouts position

  27. Brand Position • What elements of BI to include? Candidates: • Core identity: central, timeless essence of the brand (most unique, valuable aspects) • Points of leverage: specific keys to success (e.g., Ronald McDonald) • The value proposition: a key benefit part of the value proposition (functional, self-expressive,…)

  28. Brand identity & position provide value • Guides and enhances brand strategy • Improves brand memorability • Provides meaning and focus to the organization • Provides extension options • Co-branding at Yahoo • In sum, provides: • value proposition • credibility to other brands • basis of relationship