The Age of The Dinosaurs
Millions of years ago, Great beasts called "dinosaurs" thundered over the earth. Yet up until the last century, when the first dinosaur fossils were discovered, no one even imagined such animals existed.
Dinosaurs • Before there were any people there were dinosaurs. • Dinosaurs were one of several kinds of prehistoric reptiles that lived during the Mesozoic Era the “Age of the Reptiles”
The name dinosaur comes from the term Dinosauria, which means terrible lizards.
Dinosaur is the name of a group of prehistoric reptiles that ruled the earth about 160 million years ago. • These animals died out millions of years ago, but they have fascinated people ever since they were first described in the early 1800’s.
Allosaurus Do you know what the Utah State Fossil is?
The Utah State Fossil:The Allosaurus The allosaurus was designated the State Fossil in 1988. More allosaurus specimens have been found in two of Utah's quarries than any other dinosaur. Sixty individuals, from juveniles to adults, were found at one site in Utah.
Big Al • Nickname: Different Lizard • Age: 160-145 million years ago during the late Jurassic Period • Size: 35-40 feet long (as long as two big Python snakes!) • Weight: Anywhere from 2 tons to over 5 tons • Characteristics: Sharp claws up to 6 inches long. Teeth up to almost 4 inches long • Special Talents: Super smart compared to other dinosaurs. Extremely fierce. Known to attack other dinos twice his size.
Where Dinosaurs Lived • See the world as it looked during • the Jurassic Period!
The Jurassic climate was warm • The Air was damp, like a tropical forest
Paleontology • Paleontology (PAY lee ahn TAHL uh jee), is the study of animals, plants, and other organisms that lived in prehistoric times (more than 5,500 years ago). Fossil remains of organisms occur in layers of sedimentary rocks (rocks formed when mineral matter settled out of air, ice, or water). The organisms that are now fossils were alive when the rocks were being formed. They were buried and preserved as the layers of rock piled up.
So what do you thinka Paleontologist is? A paleontologist is a scientist who studies paleontology, learning about the forms of life that existed in former geologic periods, chiefly by studying fossils.
Fossils are the reason we have most of this information. For almost 200 years, paleontologists have been discovering fossils all over the world. They’ve identified more than 330 different kinds of dinosaur fossils. And every year, they find new fossils. These fossils can tell us how big an animal grew, what it ate, even how it died.
Dinosaur National Monument Utah/Colorado A stony frieze at one of the continent’s largest and richest dinosaur quarries holds the bones of beasts that ruled the Jurassic: stegosaurs, allosaurs, apatosaurs and many more.
The first dinosaur to be described scientifically was Megalosaurus in 1824, by William Buckland. Buckland (1784-1856) was a Britishfossil hunter and clergyman who discovered some Megalosaurus fossils in 1819 and named the reptile in 1824. It was the first dinosaur ever described scientifically and first theropod dinosaur discovered (this is all in hindsight, because the dinosaurs had not yet been recognized as a separate taxonomic group - the word dinosaur hadn't even been invented yet).
Did They Have Colors? • It is very difficult to figure out how the dinosaurs sounded, how they behaved, or what color they were.
Plant-Eaters • Most dinosaurs were plant-eaters like: • Triceratops • What do we call plant-eaters? • Herbivores
Meat-Eaters • Some were meat-eaters like: • T-Rex • What do we call meat-eaters? • Carnivores
The Food Chain Meat-eating animals (carnivores like Tyrannosaurus rex) get their energy by eating other animals, mostly plant-eating animals (herbivores like Triceratops). The herbivores get their energy by eating plants (like cycads).
Where Did Everybody Go? You may have noticed that there are no dinosaurs around these days. In fact, there haven't been any around for about 66 million years.
Well, we don’t know the real absolute theory of how they became extinct, but---- • One thing for sure is………. • We will have an incredible time going back in time to learn about these marvelous creatures.