NATIVE AMERICANS OF OHIO BY CHRISTINE YOON ED 607
Grade Level/Lesson • This lesson is geared towards fourth graders. • This lesson focuses on the Native American Tribes in Ohio.
Objectives The students will be able to do the following: • Locate where six Native American tribes lived on a map of Ohio. • Compare and contrast two different Native American tribes.
Objectives (cont.) • Create a scrapbook/journal of different pictures and descriptions of one Native American tribe. • Create a time line showing when the Native American tribes and Mound builders lived in Ohio. • Identify different important Native American leaders from Ohio
Native Americans of Ohio • Ottawa • Mingo • Wyandot • Miami • Shawnee • Delaware
Ottawa Indians • Came from Canada in the 1740’s • Settled along Maumee River • They lived in longhouses
Mingo Indians • Came from New York in the 1740’s • Lived by the Tuscarawas River • Also called the Seneca Indians • They lived in longhouses
Wyandot Indians • Came from Canada in the 1740’s • Lived near the Sandusky River • They were a very small tribe • They lived in longhouses
Miami Indians • Came from land around Lake Michigan in the 1740’s • Built homes near the Miami River • They were good warriors and farmers. • They lived in wigwams
Shawnee Indians • Came from Florida in the 1740’s • Lived near the Scioto river • Most fierce tribe of all the tribes in Ohio • Their mane means “people of the South” • They lived in wigwams
The Adena Indians The Hopewell Indians The Fort Ancient Indians Each group had its own culture, or way of life All built mounds What is a mound? Mound Builders in Ohio
What is a Mound? • A large pile of dirt used to cover dead bodies. • Necklaces and pipes were often buried with the body. • Some mounds were used to worship the spirits,used as meeting places or for lookout points.
Delaware Indians • Came from the East in the 1750’s • Lived near the Mushingum River • Also called the Lenape Indians • They lived in wigwams
Two Special Mounds in Ohio • The Serpent Mound is found near Chillicothe in Adams county. • The Miamisburg Mound • is found in Dayton.
Activities • Students will be given a map of Ohio. As a class, we will place each Native American tribe in the correct area on the map. • Students will be divided into groups of four. Each group will be assigned a Native American tribe to research. The students will use books and the Internet to research their tribe. The students will choose a second tribe to research.
Activities (cont.) The students will write about the differences and similarities of these two tribes. 3. The students will create a scrapbook/journal about the tribe they researched. The students will collect pictures from books and the web. The students will write about the life style of their tribe, including housing, clothing, and family life.
Activities (cont.) 4. The students will work in small groups to create a time line depicting the dates the different Native American tribes were present in Ohio. The students will use construction paper and markers. 5. Students will learn about different famous Native American leaders from Ohio. Students will make a list of at least five Native American leaders and two facts about them. Books and the Internet will be used.
Materials Needed • Books about Native American tribes • Computer • Construction paper • Markers • Paper and pen
Web Sites • www.ohiokids.org – This web site provides information about all the six Native American tribes from Ohio. • www.oplin.lib.oh.us/products/ppf/ohians/indians/puzzler.html – This web site provides information about famous Native American leaders. There is also a game to test your knowledge about the leaders.
More Web Sites • www.carolhurst.com - This web site has a listing of books, displays, and activities about Native Americans. • http://users.ap.net/~chenae/natlink.html – Native American Links- there are about 50 links to other sites
Another Web Site • http://indy4.fdl.ccmn.us/~isk/stories.html –Native American Stories for Youth