Anti-intoxication Nation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

norah
anti intoxication nation n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Anti-intoxication Nation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Anti-intoxication Nation

play fullscreen
1 / 16
Download Presentation
Anti-intoxication Nation
160 Views
Download Presentation

Anti-intoxication Nation

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Anti-intoxication Nation Prohibition in the 1920s

  2. Definition of Prohibition • Prohibition of alcohol is banning the making, movement and sale of alcohol • Spanned for as much as 48 years in PEI • Quebec never passed prohibition legislation

  3. Canadian Laws on Liquor • Canadian laws on liquor split the responsibilities between the federal and provincial governments • The Federal government controlled: • The manufacturing of alcohol • The importation of alcohol • The exporting of alcohol • Provincial governments controlled: • Drinking age • Sales of alcohol • Consumption of alcohol

  4. Problems with Drunks • Many men would waste their pay checks on alcohol • Drunkenness also led to crime and unsafe driving • Many people felt that the grain used to make alcohol should have been sent to the soldiers in the trenches

  5. The Temperance Movement • The temperance movement arose in the early 20th century • Its aim was to ban alcohol because they thought it was responsible for many of society’s problems • Religious groups and many women who had just received the right to vote formed temperance groups

  6. Aims of Prohibition • Prohibition aimed to: • Lower crime rates • Lessen instances of child and wife abuse • Cause men to become better providers • Assist the war effort

  7. Early Success • Prohibition had a promising start: • Alcohol consumption lowered by 80% • Crime rates decreased • Fewer cases of abuse • Men provided for their families, took less days off work

  8. The Downfall of Dryness • Soon arose: • Moonshine • Bootleggers • Speakeasies/Blind Pigs • Organised crime led to rich criminals and poorer provinces • Lost freedom

  9. Famous Bootleggers: Al Capone • Most famous bootlegger ever • Boss of Chicago Outfit • Seen in Moose Jaw, Sask. from time to time • “I don’t even know what street Canada is on” • Convicted for tax evasion: 11 years in Alcatraz

  10. Famous Bootleggers: Bronfman Brothers • Two Jewish immigrants form Montreal saw opportunity in the U.S. prohibition in 1924 • Smuggled liquor into the U.S. and became rich under the alias “Mr. Norton” • Four years later they owned the largest distillery in the world

  11. Famous Bootleggers: SS I’m Alone • Canadian rum-running ship, built in Britain • Smuggling liquor form Belize to Louisiana • Sank by US Coast Guard, pursued from 321 km

  12. What we learned • We learned that when legislating the prohibition of alcohol, without enormous enforcement, its effectiveness becomes very limited over time. Effectiveness Time

  13. Dry towns in Canada • Govenlock, Saskatchewan, now a ghost town • Old Crow, Yukon is a dry Gwich‘in community on the Porcupine River • The city of Owen Sound, Ontario continued to outlaw liquor well into the 1970s • Steinbach, Manitoba did not allow the sale of liquor within city limits until 2011 • Verdun, Quebec only recently ended a 45-year ban on bars and taverns in the community, in December 2010

  14. Picture Citations • http://www.prairieghosts.com/capone6.jpg (Joel) • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_TFRk-MtsMew/S88DZ_R_DlI/AAAAAAAAAvc/99ETZIb0u_Q/s1600/3c23257v.jpg (Aaren) • http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/magazine/ja10/timeline/history-canada-us-border-smuggling.html (Joel) • http://old-photos.blogspot.ca/2008/09/temperance-movement.html (Aaren) • http://www.gcsehistory.org.uk/modernworld/usa/prohibitionandgangsters.htm (Aaren) • http://pendletonpanther.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/bringing-home-the-bacon/ (Aaren) • http://thegreatjaygatsby.blogspot.ca/2010/05/1920s-gangsters.html (Joel)

  15. Info Citations • Canada: Face of a Nation, Textbook (Aaren and Joel) • http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/magazine/ja10/timeline/history-canada-us-border-smuggling.html (Joel) • http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/prohibition (Aaren) • http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/temperance-movement (Aaren)

  16. FIN