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The Post-Napoleonic Order

The Post-Napoleonic Order

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The Post-Napoleonic Order

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  1. The Post-Napoleonic Order 1815-1832

  2. Objective • To understand European order after the Napoleonic Wars • To understand concepts of Nationalism and Liberalism • To understand how each country tries to face the challenges of Nationalism and Liberalism

  3. The Congress of Vienna • Established Congress System • Goal to prevent further revolutions • “Legitimism” • Faced two problems: Nationalism and Liberalism

  4. Europe after 1815

  5. The Challenge of Nationalism • Germany • Italy

  6. German Confederation

  7. Italy in 1815

  8. The Challenge of Nationalism • Austria • Russia • Britain

  9. Austrian Empire in 1815

  10. Russian Empire

  11. The Challenge of Liberalism • Liberalism • Conservatism

  12. The Legacy of the French Revolution • Romantic Movement • Literature • Art • Music

  13. Romantic Movement

  14. Romantic Movement

  15. The Legacy of Napoleon • German nationalism • The role of history • G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831)

  16. The Conservatives Strike Back • Austria • Klemens von Metternich • Prussia

  17. The Conservatives Strike Back • The Carlsbad Decrees • Student movement in Germany • Censorship imposed

  18. The Conservatives Strike Back • Russia • Decembrist Revolt (1825) • Polish Revolt (1830)

  19. Kingdom of Poland

  20. The Conservatives Strike Back • France • Restoration of Bourbons • Charter • Political instability

  21. The Conservatives Strike Back • Britain • Unrest among workers and farmers • Combination Acts • Peterloo Massacre

  22. Peterloo Massacre

  23. Revolution Erupts • Greece • Greek Revolution (1821) • “Eastern Question”

  24. Greek Revolution • Lord Byron, poet and supporter of Greek Revolution of 1821

  25. The Ottoman Empire, 1815

  26. Revolution Erupts • Latin America • Wars of independence • British support • Monroe Doctrine

  27. Latin America

  28. Latin America • Simon Bolivar, leader of Latin American independence

  29. Revolution Erupts • France • Charles X • Revolution of 1830 • Louis Philippe

  30. France, Revolution of 1830

  31. Revolution Erupts • Belgium • Added to Netherlands in 1815 • Revolution against Netherlands • Kingdom of Belgium (1830)

  32. Belgian Revolution, 1830

  33. Revolution Erupts • Britain • Reform Movements • Catholic Emancipation Act (1829) • Great Reform Bill (1832)

  34. British Parliament, 1833

  35. Conclusion • Europe after the Napoleonic Wars torn in struggle between conservatism and nationalism and liberalism • Conservatives try to reverse the influences of the French Revolution • Each country tries to deal with the consequences of the new order