Body Dysmorphic Disorder By: Nikole Killoran and Peter Berlet
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) A somatoform disorder, wherein the afflicted individual is concerned with body image, manifested as excessive concern about and preoccupation with a perceived defect of their physical appearance. A fear of being evaluated negatively by others http://my.clevelandclinic.org/neurological_institute/center-for-behavorial-health/disease-conditions/hic-body-dysmorphic-disorder.aspx
Symptoms camouflaging (with body position, clothing, makeup, hair, hats, etc.) comparing body part to others' appearance seeking surgery checking in a mirror avoiding mirrors skin picking excessive grooming excessive exercise changing clothes excessively http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/related-illnesses/other-related-conditions/body-dysmorphic-disorder-bdd
Daily life with BDD? May avoid daily activities, including dating and other social activities, school and work In extreme cases individuals may become housebound Sufferers are at an increased risk for psychiatric hospitalization, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and completed suicide Having BDD means you also have dysmorphophobia http://www.ocfoundation.org/eo_bdd.aspx
Treatments May receive various psychotropic medications, including antidepressants (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors and neuroleptics) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Onset The average age of getting BDD is 16-17 Without treatment people live with this their whole life Females are more prone to getting BDD under the age of 18 Eating disorders accumulate over time http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23643073
Problems • Lacking social life • Eating disorders • Constant anxiety • Lack of relationships • Believe that there are always flaws (some even imaginary) • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23643073
Questions What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder? People with BDD don’t go outside because? a) They’re afraid of the sun b) Scared of animals c) Afraid people will judge them.