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Unit 14

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Unit 14

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  1. Unit 14 Current World Issues

  2. Unit 14 Key Terms • ozone layer • Kyoto Protocol • fossil fuels • chlorofluorocarbons • deforestation • desertification • urbanization • Mustafa Kemal • Indira Gandhi • Corazon Aquino • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi • Benazir Bhutto • Margaret Thatcher • Green Revolution • International Space Station

  3. Women’s Rights • throughout the 20th century until now, women worldwide have gained political, social, and economic rights • women played key roles on the home front during World War I • as a result, women’s suffrage (the right to vote) increased around the world • under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, women gained the right to vote and hold political office in the heart of the former Ottoman Empire

  4. Women’s Rights • during World War II, women saw increased roles both at home and on the battlefield • women worked in factories on the home front and served as nurses and in other military roles on the battlefields • they also entered new professions such as medicine and journalism • women gained more equality in communist countries like the Soviet Union and China • in the 1960s, the feminist movement gained momentum with women demanding more equality

  5. Women World Leaders • Indira Gandhi • Corazon Aquino • Daw Aung San Suu Kyi • Benazir Bhutto • Margaret Thatcher

  6. Indira Gandhi

  7. Corazon Aquino

  8. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi

  9. Benazir Bhutto

  10. Margaret Thatcher

  11. Current Struggles • women in the world still face discrimination in employment and salaries • women in Arab and Muslim countries still are denied basic rights and education and have been victims of abuse • the United Nations has sponsored many conferences to highlight the current struggles that women still face today

  12. Wednesday April 24, 2013 • If you have not completed the Unit 1 Review from Monday, please do so. If it is complete and you haven’t turned it in, please do so. • Complete the Unit 2 Review and turn it in. Make sure each assignment is labeled correctly. • Complete the PASS Review Puzzle #1. • Don’t forget your homework is due tomorrow.

  13. Modern Technology • advances in technology increased during the Cold War, particularly in the space race • satellites were launched and the U.S. landed men on the moon • in 1998, a group of 16 countries launched the International Space Station for the study and exploration of space • in the 1950s, television became the main way people got information, helping people understand and empathize with things like the Civil Rights movement and Vietnam

  14. Modern Technology • satellites have been used to increase worldwide communication • computers have evolved from bulky, room-sized machines to hand held devices • the internet allows people from all over the world to connect via computer and allows for information to be transmitted long distances instantly • cell phones further enable greater connectivity and have now been combined with computer technology

  15. Environmental Issues • many people argue that the environment has been harmed by population growth, urbanization, and industrialization • in the 1960s, a Green Revolution took place – producing new strains of crops, fertilizers, and pesticides • higher growth rates in food resulted in higher populations and fewer famines • it also led to more chemical pollutants in the atmosphere and increased soil erosion

  16. Environmental Issues • in the past 100 years, people living in cities has more than quadrupled • this has led to higher rates of waste and localized pollution • land development has changed wildlife habitats • increased urbanization and industrialization have increased the need for natural resources • the use of fossil fuels – naturally occurring fuels formed from decomposed organisms – such as coal, oil, and natural gas has been blamed for increasing pollution, acid rain, and other problems

  17. Environmental Issues • some argue that the ozone layer – the layer of the atmosphere that protects us from the sun’s ultraviolet rays – has been harmed by the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) • they also argue that this will lead to an increase in skin cancer and damage to plant and animal life • in 1992, many nations (not the United States) signed the Kyoto Protocol, promising to reduce pollution and greenhouse gases that have been blamed for global warming

  18. Environmental Issues • there has been an increase in recycling and energy conservation in many places around the world • some people purchase electric or hybrid cars • some people have tried to use solar, wind, or geothermal energy as a power source rather than coal or nuclear energy