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China. Chapter 14. How did China change after the fall of the Han dynasty?. Section 1: China Reunifies . The Period of Disunion was followed by reunification by rulers of the Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties. Vocabulary pg 410. Period of Disunion Grand Canal Empress Wu.
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China Chapter 14
Section 1: China Reunifies The Period of Disunion was followed by reunification by rulers of the Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties.
Vocabulary pg 410 Period of Disunion Grand Canal Empress Wu
How did Chinese culture change during the Period of Disunion? New types of art, music, food, and clothing styles developed as a result of the mixing cultures.
When was China reunifed? When was China not unified? • Reunified • 589 • By Sui dynasty • Not unified • 907-960 • During Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
Why did Buddhism spread more easily during the Period of Disunion? People took comfort in the Buddhist teaching that people can escape suffering and achieve a state of peace.
Section 2: Tang and Song Achievements The Tang and Song dynasties were periods of economic, cultural, and technological accomplishments.
Vocabulary pg 414 porcelain woodblock printing gunpowder compass
How did agricultural advances affect population growth? Due to agricultural advances, food became abundant, which led to population growth.
How far did China’s trade routes extend? India and Southwest Asia Into Korea and Japan
What were some important inventions of the Tang and Song dynasties? Paper Porcelain Woodblock printing Gunpowder Moveable type Magnetic compass Paper money
Section 3: Confucianism and Government Confucian thought influenced the Song government
Vocabulary pg 420 bureaucracy civil service scholar-official
How did Neo-Confucianism differ from Confucianism? • Neo-Confucianism • Emphasized both spiritual matters and proper behavior • Confucianism • Focused on ethical behavior
How did the Song dynasty change China’s government? It improved the bureaucracy, which created stability in government.
Section 4: The Yuan and Ming Dynasties The Chinese were ruled by foreigners during the Yuan dynasty, but they threw off Mongol rule and prospered during the Ming dynasty.
Vocabulary pg 424 Genghis Khan Kublai Khan Zheng He isolationism
How did the Mongols come to rule China? Kublai Khan conquered all of China after his grandfather, Genghis Khan, began the conquest.
In what ways did the Ming dynasty strengthen China? Promoted China across the world Great building projects
How did isolationism affect China? Over time, China was technologically outpaced by the world Weakened and controlled by other countries