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Physical Development in Children 0-2 years PowerPoint Presentation
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Physical Development in Children 0-2 years

Physical Development in Children 0-2 years

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Physical Development in Children 0-2 years

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    1. Physical Development in Children 0-2 years Created By: Emeline Swanson and Jasmine Alfonso 1

    2. Motor Skills 2

    3. Motor Skills continued The 5 motor skills that children 0-2 years go through are milestones which occur from the 1st month to the 14th month (based on averages) The rates of physical and motor development vary from child to child due to: heredity the amount of activity the child participates in the amount of attention the child receives 3

    4. The motor skills of a child develop in two types of patterns; either the cephalocaudal or proximodistal developmental pattern Proximodistal: to develop skills from the center of the body outwards towards the limbs. Cephalocaudal: To develop skills first in the upper body then the lower body. Motor Skills continued 4

    5. Sensation and Perception Newborns are near sighted. Visual acuity develops quickly. Babies are attracted to objects of light-dark contrast, such as the human face. Depth perceptions is developed a few months after birth (rate varies child to child) Infants respond to tastes, smells, and sounds such as the human voice. Infants are aware of size and shape constancy 5

    6. Development Changes in the Brain New connections form around neurons. (synaptogenesis) Dendrites grow and expand their reach and complexity. Initially support basic biological functions Later in areas of learning Synapses grow in density especially in areas of vision and hearing Synaptic pruning beginning in certain areas Myelination: glial cells grow around the axons to form a fatty coating which insulate the axons 6

    7. Eating and Sleeping Habits Sleeping Habits Eating Habits Infants sleep 16-18 hours every day. Develop wake/sleep cycles. On average infants begin sleeping through the night at 10 weeks and 10 pounds. Gain the ability to express hunger to adults. Learn to suck, chew and swallow. Ability to digest food without abdominal pain. 7

    8. Irregular sleep and wake cycles Trouble being sued Digestive problems Breathing problems 8 Chronic Health Issues

    9. Health Facts Less than 1% of infants suffer from birth trauma. Infant Mortality: 9 out of every 1,000 babies die within the first year of life. Leading causes of infant death: Congenital birth defects Sudden infant Death Syndrome Infant brain dysfunction Parental smoking 9

    10. Physical Development: Age 02. 29 Sep 2010 . "Stages Of Play During Child Development." Child Development Guide | Developmental Stages From Birth To Teens. Web. 29 Sept. 2010. . Nudelman, Lauren. "Age Norms: Infant Physical Development." Parenting Literacy. 28 Oct. 2008. Web. 29 Sept. 2010. . Nudelman, Lauren. "Age Norms: Child and Adolescent Physical Development." Parenting Literacy. 16 Dec. 2008. Web. 29 Sept. 2010. . Sources 10