Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dr : Shiquan(Michael) Wang Associate Professor Adjoint to Communication PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dr : Shiquan(Michael) Wang Associate Professor Adjoint to Communication

Dr : Shiquan(Michael) Wang Associate Professor Adjoint to Communication

150 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Dr : Shiquan(Michael) Wang Associate Professor Adjoint to Communication

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. China Topics and Cross-Culture Communication Dr:Shiquan(Michael) Wang Associate Professor Adjoint to Communication University of Colorado at Colorado Springs(UCCS) Director of Innovation Center, Department of T & R China Executive Leadership Academy Pudong(CELAP)

  2. Contents I. China Topics (10) II. The Confucianism III. Chinese Culture Characteristics IV. Cross-Culture Communication V. Conclusion Questions

  3. I. China Topics 1. China and its National Symbol Full Name: People’s Republic of China

  4. China, with 9.6 million sqkm in land area, is the third largest country in the world after Russia and Canada. North to south distance: 5500 sqkm. East to west distance: 5200 sqkm.

  5. National flag: Red flag with five stars. On September 27, 1949, the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC)approved the proposal for using the red five-star flag as the national flag of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution and the yellow color of the stars the golden brilliant rays radiating from the vast red land. The design of four smaller stars surrounding a bigger one signifies the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  6. National anthem National anthem:March of the Volunteers, written in 1935, with lyrics by the poet Tian Han and music by the composer Nie Er, honoring those who went to the front to fight the Japanese invaders in northeast China in the 1930s. Decided upon as the provisional national anthem of the new China on September 27, 1949, at the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference ("CPPCC"), the song was officially adopted as the national anthem of the PRC on December 4, 1982, by the NPC. Lyrics(Translation) March of the Volunteers Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves! Let us amount our flesh and blood towards our new Great Wall! The Chinese nation faces its greatest peril, The thundering roar of our peoples will be heard! Arise! Arise! Arise! We are many, but our hearts beat as one! Selflessly braving the enemy's gunfire, march on! Selflessly braving the enemy's gunfire, march on! March on! March on! on!

  7. Currency of China

  8. 2. Natural Geography Two Large Rivers: Yangtze River and Yellow River Four Plateaus: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Loess Plateau Inner-Mongolia Plateau, Yun-Gui Plateau Four Basins: Tarim Basin, Dzungarian Basin, Tsaidam Basin, Sichuan Basin Four Plains: Northeastern China Plain, Northern China Plain, The middle and Lower Reaches Plain of Yangtze River Zhujiang River Delta Plain Big Mountains: Aiertai Mountain, Tianshan Mountain Kunlun Mountain, Great Xinanling Mountain, Changbaishan Mountain, Himalaya Mountain, Qinling Mountain, Southern Mountains, Henduanshan Mountain, Taihangshan Mountain, Wuyi Mountain, Taiwan Mountain etc. Cultural Mountains:Taishan Mountain, Huashan Mountain, Songshan Mountain, Hengshan Mountain, Yellow Mountain, Emishan Mountain

  9. Plateau and high land area reaches 67% of total land Basin and plain area is 33% of the total land

  10. 3. Population and Ethnic Minority Groups There are 1.3 billion people in China with 65 ethnic minority groups

  11. Population and its structure in 2008 Note: From the National Statistics Annual Report of 2008

  12. The Distribution of Population in China

  13. 4. Administrative Regions There are 34 provincial level Administrative regions in present China: A. 23 provinces B. 5 autonomous regions (Xinjiang Uygur, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang) C. 4 special municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing) D. 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong, Macao)

  14. 5. History ► very early civilization and a long rich history (?) -------fossil remains of the Yuanmou Ape Man who lived in Yunnan Province some 1.7 million years ago. ------- Peking Man, who lived about 500,000 years ago, was able to make and use simple implements and knew the use of fire. (not Chinese) ► Early Inventions: compass, gunpowder, the art of paper-making and block printing ► Great Constructions: The Great Wall, Grand Canal, Xian City Wall ► Over 4000 years history with the record of character ► Passed 19 dynasties within 4062 years ► The only most ancient civilization continued to date

  15. 19 Major Dynasties in Ancient China 1. Xia ……..夏………………. . .. 2070 BC — 1600 BC 2. Shang …商………………….. 1600 BC — 1046 BC 3. Zhou……周.………………….1046 BC — 221 BC ——West ZhouPeriod……西周…..……..…1046 BC — 771 BC ——East ZhouPeriod…… 东周……..…….. 770 BC — 256 BC ——Spring and AutumnPeriod…春秋………770 BC — 476 BC —— Warring StatesPeriod………战国………475 BC — 221 BC (Hereafter goes the feudal society with 2132 years)  4.  Qin……秦……………………….221BC—206BC 5.   Han…..汉……………………...202BC—220AD ——West Han Period………西汉……………202 BC — 8 AD ——East Han Period……….东汉…………….25 BC — 220 AD

  16. 6. Three Kingdoms……三国………… 220—280 ——Wei State……魏….……………220 — 265 ——Shut State……蜀…….…………221 — 263 ——Wu State…….吴…..….………. 222 — 280 7. Jin ……………晋………..………… ..265—420 ——West Jin……西晋..……………. 265 — 316 ——East Jin…….东晋………………317 — 420 8.  Sixteen States………十六国…………304 — 439 9.   Northern and Southern Dynasties…南北朝… 386 — 589 ——Northern Dynasty……北朝…………386 — 581 ——Southern Dynasty…… 南朝…………420 — 589 10. Sui…………隋…. ……………….…. 581— 618 11. Tang……….唐 ………………………618— 907

  17. 12. Five Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms…… 907 — 979 五代十国 13. Song………………宋………………….. 960——1276 ——Northern Song……北宋……… 960 — 1127 ——Southern Song…….南宋……… 1127— 1276 14. Liao………………辽………………….. …. 916 — 1125 15. Western Xia……西夏……………………. 1038— 1227 16. Jin…………………金..………………… …1115 — 1234 17. Yuan………………元………………. …….1271 — 1368 18. Ming………………明…………………. ….1368 — 1644 19. Qing………………清………………….. …1644 — 1911 20. Republic of China……中华民国…………….1912 — 1949 21. People’s Republic of China……..Founded Oct 1st 1949

  18. 6. Political System Four Leading Bodies in China ► Communist Party of China (CPC) ► National People’s Congress (NPC) ► Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) Cooperate with 8 Democratic Parties (participatory party) ► Central People’s Government of China

  19. Hu Jintao General Secretary and Chairman of China Wu Bangguo Chairman of National People’s Congress Jia Qinglin Chairman of CPPCC Wen Jiabao Premier of State Council of China

  20. Wu Bangguo Wen Jiabao Jia Qinglin Li Changchun Xi Jinping Li Keqiang He Guoqiang Zhou Yongkang Members of the Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (National Top Leaders) Hu Jintao

  21. 7. Economy ► Used to be totally state-owned ► Changed since 1978 Reform and Opening ► GDP 30.0670 trillion,foreign exchange reserve was $1.9460 trillion by 2008 ► Proportion of public and private economy in 1995 ——Incapital:public 53%, private 47% ——Inemployment:public 39%, private 61% ——Inthe contributions made to GDP: public 39%, private 61% Note: The data of No. 4 is fromthe Study of Mr. Li Chengrui, formal Bureau Chief of The National Bureau of Statistics of China

  22. China’s GDP Growth in 2008 Income for urban and rural residents of China in 2008 (RMB yuan) ——XinhuaNewsAgency

  23. Industrial Structure www.gov.cn www.gov.cn

  24. 8. Cultural Industry in 2007 ► 400movies produced with 3.3 billion yuan ► Radio and TV program income was 110 billion yuan, local and national program 50% each ► In 2006, 573 publishing houses published 233,971 kinds of books, sold 6.46 billion copies with 50.43 billion yuan ► Advertisement market reached 245 billion yuan ► Chinese paintings, antiques’ auction market warm up with hundred billions yuan deal

  25. 9. People’s Life ► 1.32802 billion people by the end of 2008 606.67 million in urban area, 45.7% 721.35 million in rural area, 54.3% ► Rural residents’ average annual income 4761 ► Urban residents’ average annual income 15781 ► People’s life changed a lot since 1978 ► Great gap exist between urban and rural residents ► Total income is high, but the average income is low ► Cultural ideas and concepts are in fast change

  26. Urbanresidentsincome Ruralresidentsincome

  27. 10. Unbalanced Development There is great gap between east and west, urban and rural areas, total and per capita ► Middle and west area have 5-10 years distance in overall level of development ► The income of rural residents is four times less than that of urban residents. Two different world. ► Public resources are mainly distributed in urban area but the broad rural areas who have long been undeveloped are far from the urban areas. ► Total GDP is No.3 but GDP per capita is No.133

  28. ► Social Security Situation —Urban Employees' Pension covered 218.90 million — Urban Medicare covered 316.98 millionincluding 42.49 million farm workers(temporary work in urban areas) —Unemployment Insurance covered 124million —Workplace Insurance covered 138.1 million including farm workers 49.76 million —Family Planning Insurance covered 91.81 million

  29. Confucianism►

  30. II. TheConfucianism 儒家哲学 1.Confucius,thegreatestphilosopher andeducatorofChina(551BC-479BC) ——Filial to parents(fatherpassedathis3,motherpassed athis24yearsold) ——EarlypoliticalservicetoStateLu ——Beganhiseducationcareer when he was frustrated in Political career. ► Firstly proclaimed to provide education for all people without discrimination ► Firstly proclaimed to teach students according to their own gifts 2.Works of Confucius ►Spring and Autumn 《春秋》(722 BC-481 BC), the earliest annals in China ►Book of Filial Piety《孝经》 ► Analects of Confucius 《论语》

  31. 3.Main Thoughts 主要思想 ► Benevolence 仁. Itisthe prime directive and core value of Confucianism. — Stress the love of people who have close blood relations(folks), extend the love to the society. To be benevolent to all people. —Regardsfilial pietyas the fundamental behavior of benevolence —Transformthe filial piety into faith and loyalty of superiors and leaders Confucius said, “If you govern the people legalistically and control them by punishment, they will only avoid crime, but have no personal sense of shame. If you govern them by means of virtue and control them with propriety, they will gain their own sense of shame, and thus to well correct and adjust themselves. ” ► Propriety(Rites) 礼.The core of Confucian political philosophy. — Restrain people’s behavior with the rites of Zhou Dynasty — Keep the correct order between monarch and official (the superior and subordinate), father and son, husband and wife, elder brother(sister) and younger brother(sister) — Restrain oneself to recover the rites and order in the past — Everyone in the society keeps the good conduct

  32. ► Value Education 重教Educationisthe way to make people better. — Education are crucial to both leaders and common people —Attach importance on moral education, Moral education first. —Four educations on ancients works study, good behavior, faithfulness and loyalty, honesty and credit. —Five Virtues for any gentleman and sage: Kindness 仁, righteousness义, propriety 礼, wisdom智 and trustworthiness 信. ►Golden Mean(moderation)中庸之道. — Concluded the thoughts of moderation since Zhou Dynasty — Moderation is the prime moral principle — Keep balance of everything, do not go to the extremes — To be moderate中and harmonious和 in nature, human and social relations — Harmony is the most precious value, the way to it is moderation — To be harmonious yet different for any sages in the world. ► We should try our best to keep the harmonious relations with other countries and other culture……

  33. 4. Mencius(372BC-289BC) and Policy of Benevolence ——Doctrine of good human nature ► Allhuman being were born with good nature(pity, humiliation etc) ► Those who are not so good have lost their kindheartedness ——Policy of Benevolence and People First ► He developed Confucius’ benevolence theory to put forward the Policy of Benevolence or benevolent government. ► He compared the leadership of benevolent government(王道leading with virtue) and hegemony(霸道leading with force and power) and their consequences. ► He firstly proposed the thought of “putting people first.” “The people are more important than monarchs, and the country follows the above two.” ——His major words was collected into the Works of Mencius http://chinese.dsturgeon.net/text.pl?node=1603&if=gb&en=on

  34. III. Chinese Culture Characteristics A. Family-oriented, respect parents and elders B. Ethics and social habits dominated C. Lack of dominant faith in the past D. Lack of enough public consciousness E. Stress on personal relations F. Great hospitality with sincerity G. Public credit is better than private one H. Culture in fast change