What Makes a Drug Illegal? Illegal Drugs Illicit Drugs Drugs that are taken outside their regulated or medically prescribed use Illicit drug use is illegal • Schedule I and II drugs • Possession of these drugs is a felony offense under federal law
Categories of Drugs Hallucinogens Stimulants Depressants
Hallucinogens LSD Marijuana PCP (also a stimulant) Psilocybin
Stimulants Amphetamines Cocaine MDMA
Cocaine • 2-3% of women who give birth have used cocaine during their pregnancy • Cocaine babies are born prematurely, jittery, cranky, and sensitive to stimuli. Some have strokes before they are born and use can cause separation of the placenta from the uterus, which cuts of the babies blood supply • Cocaine paranoia has led people to bleed to death in the attempt to escape an imagined infestation • When rats and monkeys are trained to press a lever to deliver an intravenous dose of cocaine, they press it up to 300x to get a single injection. If they are given free access, they take it until they collapse into convulsions.
Depressants Opiates GHB Flunitrazepam
Commonly Abused Opiates Opium Heroin Oxycodone (Oxycontin) Fetanyl Morphine
Schedule I vs. Schedule II Substances Schedule I • High abuse potential with no accepted medical use. • May not be prescribed • Ex.: Heroin, marijuana, LSD Schedule II • High abuse potential but also an accepted medical use • May be prescribed with stringent regulations • Ex.: Morphine, cocaine, amphetamines, and barbituates
Legal Issues 1st Offense for manufacturing, selling, distributing, giving or possessing with the intent to manufacture, sell, give or distribute (Va. Code Ann. at 18.2-248 and 18.2-11) Schedule I and II drugs, and transporting into Virginia one or more ounces of cocaine and five or more pounds of marijuana with intent to sell or distribute: not less than five years nor more than 40 years; fine not more than $500,000. Possession of a schedule I or II drug: not less than one year nor more than 10 years; or, in some cases, up to 12 months and fine of $2,500. Class 5 Felony.