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Legal and Illegal Drug Use

Legal and Illegal Drug Use

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Legal and Illegal Drug Use

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  1. Legal and Illegal Drug Use Review

  2. Chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior Drug • A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor’s prescription Over-the-counter A chemical substance that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell Illegal Drug

  3. When a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely Drug Abuse Unwanted physical or mental effect caused by a drug Side Effect Drug user needs increasingly larger amounts of the drug to achieve the original effect Tolerance

  4. Because Nicotine causes blood pressure to rise, it can cancel out the beneficial effects of medications taken to lower high blood pressure, this is due to Drug Antagonism Factors that influence teens to drink underage Attitude of peers, Family, Media State in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance Intoxication

  5. Period of time the drinker cannot recall • Blackout Amount of alcohol in a person’s blood is called Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Factors that influence a drinker’s BAC Rate of consumption, Gender, Body size, Amount of food in stomach Taking excessive amounts of a drug that leads to coma or death Overdose

  6. Effects of Intoxication on the Nervous System include • Brain activity slows down, coordination impaired, sensations and perceptions less clear, reflexes sluggish Effects of Intoxication on the Cardiovascular more blood flow’s to the skins surface, core body temp decreases Effects of Intoxication on Excretory System Kidneys increase urine, drinker loses water

  7. Dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns • Tar Directly inhaling a smoked substance exhaled by the smoker Mainstream Smoke Odorless, colorless, poisonous gas in cigarettes Carbon Monoxide Airways are constantly inflamed and produce more mucus Chronic Bronchitis

  8. Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette • Sidestream smoke Alveoli in the lungs no longer function properly and cannot maintain oxygen Emphysema Drugs that slow body functions by decreasing heart and breathing rates & lowering BP Depressants Examples: Alcohol, Tranquilizers, Barbiturates

  9. Drugs that dull the senses and relieve pain • Opiate/Narcotic Examples: • Heroin, Morphine, Codeine, Vicoden Drugs that increase heart rate, BP, & breathing Stimulants Examples: Amphetamines, Meth, Cocaine, Crack, Nicotine, Caffeine, Ritalin Drugs that distort perceptions, thought, and mood Hallucinogens Examples: LSD, PCP, Shrooms

  10. Rohypnol, GHB, Ecstasy are examples of • Club Drugs Breathable, chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects Inhalant Examples: Glue, paint thinner, aerosol sprays, gas Synthetic version of the male hormone, testosterone Anabolic Steroid Psychological Effects or steroid use: mood swings, aggression, rage, violent outbursts

  11. Taking several forms of steroids at the same time • Stacking Taking large amounts of a substance such as steroids Megadosing Type of performance enhancing drug that causes dehydration and dilution Diuretic Main ingredient in marijuana THC

  12. Process of liver breaking down alcohol • Oxidation the state of emotionally or mentally needing a drug in order to function normally Psychological Dependence the body develops a chemical need for the drug and can’t function normally without it Physiological Dependence