Venezuela . By: Rachel Shanton. Venezuela . Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Located: South America Capital: Caracas Area total : 912,050 sq km (slightly more than twice the size of California) country comparison to the world: 33. Languages . Main Language: Spanish
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Venezuela By: Rachel Shanton
Venezuela • Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela • Located: South America • Capital: Caracas • Area total: 912,050 sq km (slightly more than twice the size of California) • country comparison to the world: 33
Languages • Main Language: Spanish • Constitution Recognizes over 30 different Languages • English (taught in most schools) • Portuguese (mostly near the border of Brazil) • Italian • French • Latin • Greek • A few others include: Wayuu, Warao, Pemon, Mapoyo, Panare, Puinave, Yarbarana, Yaruro.
Traditional Attire • Men, Women, and Children wear suits called “LiquiLiqui.” • Started with Colonial-Era Soldiers • Famous people wear them for weddings.
Modern Day Attire • Known as a “fashionable” country for both men and women. • Wear Jeans, Nice Tops, and Fancy Shoes. • Parties and gatherings are not too fancy but women wear clothes to show off their best features.
Gift Giving Etiquette • If you are invited to a dinner party: • Send Flowers (orchids) • Do NOT give handkerchiefs they are considered bad luck. • Gifts are opened when received. • ALWAYS send hand written notes because it makes you look like a person with more class.
Government • Government: Federal Republic • Legal System: Civil Law System based on the Spanish Civil Code. • Executive Branch: chief of state: President Hugo CHAVEZ Frias (since 2 February 1999); Executive Vice President Nicolas MADURO Moros (since 13 October 2012); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government.
Government • elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (eligible for unlimited reelection); election last held on 7 October 2012 (next election expected to be held in October 2018 pending official) • Legislative: unicameral National Assembly or AsambleaNacional (165 seats; members elected by popular vote on a proportional basis to serve five-year terms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples of Venezuela) • Judicial: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (32 magistrates are elected by the National Assembly for a single 12-year term)
History • 5 July 1811 (from Spain) Independence • 1819: General Simon Bolivar defeats royalist forces in the Battle of Boyaca on August 7. Republic of Colombia (also known as Gran Colombia) is proclaimed on December 17, consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. • 1821 Spain recognizes Venezuela's independence after Simon Bolivar wins a major victory against Spanish troops at Carabobo • Simon Bolivar established Gran Colombia and becomes the first president
History • 1830Ecuador and Venezuela leave Gran Colombia to became totally independent • 1831General Jose Antonio Paez becomes the first president of Venezuela • 1800s Venezuela torn by civil war • 1870(1870-1888) Guzman Blanco rules Venezuela bringing the civil wars to an end • 1908(1908-1935) Gomez rules Venezuela with strong military backing • 1950Marcos Perez Jimenez becomes dictator • 1958Jimenez was forced into exile leading to the Venezuelan democracy • 1999Venezuela adopted its current constitution
Climate • Tropical • Hot, Humid • More moderate in highlands
Population • 28,047,938 (July 2012 est.) • Age Male/Female Ratio • 0-14 years: 29% (male 4,147,023/ female 3,995,375) • 15-64 years: 65.4% (male 9,025,781/ female 9,311,262) • 65 years and over: 5.6% (male 692,321/ female 876,176) (2012 est.) • Population in comparison to theworld: 45
Religion • Roman Catholic 96% • Protestant 2% • Other 2%
Customs • Food: Large Breakfast, Large Dinner (around noontime), and small light supper in the evening. • Marriage: must marry someone of the opposite sex and have to be of legal age. • Greetings: are warm and friendly. People kiss business acquaintances on the cheek once and personal friends twice. • Handshakes are common among strangers
Customs • Body Language: • Venezuelans stand very close when speaking. Do not back away. • Seating posture is important. Try to keep both feet on the floor, and avoid slouching. Don't put your feet on furniture. • Casual touching is common among males. • The “ch-ch” sound is used to get someone's attention or to get a bus to stop. • The North American “O.K.” sign is extremely rude. • Pointing with your index finger can be considered rude. Motioning with your entire hand is more polite. • Always maintain eye contact when talking.
Dinner Etiquette • If you are invited to a Venezuelan's House: • You should arrive 15-30 minutes late. • If you arrive on time it shows you are too eager, which can be considered greedy. • You must dress conservatively, but have elegant flair. • (Smart casual dress is recommended) • NEVER decline coffee. It is a symbol of hospitality.
Laws • Harsh Legal System and prisons are some of the worst in the world. • Mimic United States Laws. • Different: • Child car seats and seatbelts are not required and are seldom available in rental cars and taxis.
Laws • Restricted and not guaranteed by law. • In 2011, disarmed 130,000 illegal weapons from citizens. • In 2011, Guns were banned from public transportation, construction sites, and cultural and sporting events. • In February 2012, banned the sale of all firearms and ammunition to citizens. • In June 2012, a rule went into effect allowing the army, police, and security officersto legally buy weapons.
Food • Venezuelan food is a very vibrant mix. • Comes from native cultures but mostly has European influence. (Italian) • It is both tropical and Andean. • Common Foods • Coconut • Plantain • Seafood • Goat • Corn • Italian Pasta
Holidays • Same as United States: New Years Eve, New Years, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter Day, and Christmas Day. (Christian) • Different from United States: • Jan 6: Three Wise Men Day (12 days after Christmas; end’s Christmas season. • Feb 11: Carnival (Day before Lent) • March 19: St. Joseph’s Day (Celebrate husband of Mary and foster dad of Jesus) • April 19: Declaration of Independence • May 1: Labor Day • June 24: Carabobo Battle (Freed from Spanish Control)
Holidays (Continued) July 5: Independence Day Aug 3: Flag’s Day (in honor of the day in 1806 that Francisco de Miranda first hoisted the future flag) Sep. 11: Our Lady of Coromoto (a celebrated Catholic image of an alleged apparition of the Virgin Mary). Nov 1: All Saints Day Nov 2: All Soul’s Day (Day of the Dead: celebrate those who have passed away) Dec 8: Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Celebrates belief in the immaculate conception of the blessed virgin Mary.)
Gender Roles • Men: occupy the most important political, economic, social, and religious positions. • Women: occupy the household duties or domestic service jobs.
School • Under 5: Attend Preschool • Age 6- Age 11: Primary School • Promoted to Second School that they attend until 14 or 15. • Public School students go in shifts. Early morning- 1:30. Then early afternoon- 6:00. • ***ALL SCHOOL CHILDREN WEAR UNIFROMS*** • English is taught in all grades.
Education • Kindergarten: “Red Shirts” • Grades 1-6 (Basic Education): “White Shirts” if completed the students receive a basic education certificate. • Grades 7-9 (Middle Education): “Blue Shirts” explore science and algebra. • Diversified Education: “Beige Shirts” choose between humanities or science to study for 2 years. When done receive Bachelors or Science or Humanities. • Literacy: • Venezuelans aged 15 and older, 95.2% can read and write, one of the highest literacy rates in the region. The literacy rate in 2007 was estimated to be 95.4% for males and 94.9% for females
College • 90 Institutions (860,000 students) • Higher education remains free under the 1999 constitution. • More than 70% of university students come from the wealthiest quintile of the population. • Establish Bolivarian University system which requires minimal entrance scores.
Manufacturing/ Natural Resources • Natural Resources • Petroleum (Largest reserves in the world) • Natural Gas • Iron Ore • Coal • Manufacturing: • Petroleum Refining • Mineral Processing • Automobile Industry
Transportation • **GAS IS ONLY $0.48 PER GALLON** • Highways are common so there are many cars. • Boats because of the water sources. • Big Cities have railway systems.
Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuela • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Venezuela • http://hocacultures.blogspot.com/2012/04/culture-of-venezuela.html • http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/venezuela/fahrenheit/caracas.htm • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Venezuela • http://images.google.com • http://themoneyconverter.com/USD/VEF.aspx • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Venezuela
Sources • http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/venezuela/ • http://www.superpages.com/supertips/three-wise-men-day.html • http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/venezuela/carnival-tuesday • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/94443/Battle-of-Carabobo • http://southamericanfood.about.com/od/exploresouthamericanfood/tp/Venezuelan-Food.htm • http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/Venezuela.html#b • http://www.ediplomat.com/np/cultural_etiquette/ce_ve.htm • http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/42-venezuelatimeline.htm • http://www.as-coa.org/articles/explainer-gun-laws-latin-america%E2%80%99s-six-largest-economies#venezuela