Born into slavery, to a slave mother and a white father. • Educated at Hampton University • Gained national attention with his Atlanta Address of 1895 • Head of the Tuskegee Institute from 1881-1915 Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
Believed that African-Americans should focus on industrial education as those were the jobs primarily available to them. • Employment and accumulation of wealth would create a stable base, allowing future generations to gradually claim more rights. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
Agreement between leaders of black and white communities in the South • Essential elements: • Blacks would not ask for the right to vote. • Would not retaliate against racist behaviour. • Must tolerate segregation. • Blacks would receive free basic education, limited to industrial and vocational schools. No college education. Atlanta Address of 1895 (The Atlanta Compromise)
Co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) • 1st African-American to earn a doctorate from Harvard W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963)
Believed that a liberal education would better serve the Black community because it is used to develop the elite. • Argued that people should be fighting for equal rights, rather than passively accepting their inequality. W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963)
Which author had the more achievable strategy for civil rights? DEBATE!
Washington vs. Du Bois • Structure: • Opening remarks: Present why your strategy will succeed, why the other side will fail. • Point/Counterpoint. • Concluding remarks. DEBATE!