Objectives • Identify the elements of floral design • Distinguish a floral design’s elements • Compose a florist color wheel
Quick Questions • Why is it important to know floral design elements? • Why would you need to recognize the elements used in a floral design? • Why is the color wheel important when designing an arrangement? • What are the seven floral design elements? • What is negative space? • What are some tertiary colors?
Line • Visual path that the eye follows to produce motion • Use of materials is important helping to create.. • Severe/soft • Masculine/feminine • Gentle/strength • Definition • Focal Point
Form • The shape or contour of individual components in a design • Unity and harmony with surroundings, container, etc.
Form Pyramid Dome
Form Crescent Horizontal
Form Inverted T L Shape
Form Fan Triangle
Form Oval Vertical
Space • Referring to open areas around the components used, flowers, foliage, etc. • Negative • Positive
Negative Space • Open space • What makes this design have negative space?
Positive Space • Occupied Space • What makes this design have positive space?
TexturePhysical surface qualities of plant materials • Course/Fine • Rough/Smooth • Glossy/Dull • Delicate /Harsh • Affects sight, sound and other values • Create interest with • Complements the design
Pattern “Enlarged Texture” • Less likely perceived by touch • Orderly and measurable arrangements of units
Color • Visual response of the eye to various reflected wavelengths and pigments • Historical Importance • Unity/Harmony • Provides Balance
Color… • Provides… • Energy • Personality • Informal/Formal • Warmth/Coolness • Affects… • Mood/Emotion • Personality • Atmosphere
Color Wheel • Primary • blue, red, yellow • Secondary • orange, green, violet • Tertiary • Red-orange, red-violet, blue-green, blue-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange • Primary color ALWAYS listed first
Color… • Hue • Color ex: green, red, yellow, etc • Tint • Add white to color ex: pink • Shade • Add black to color ex: maroon • Tone • Add gray to color • Value • Lightness or darkness of color ex: pink to maroon
Color Combinations • Monochromatic • One hue • Analogous • Three or more hues in sequence from the color wheel
Color Combinations… • Complementary • Opposites on color wheel • Ex: blue and yellow • Split Complementary • Two colors to either side of complementary color • Ex: violet and yellow
Color Combinations… • Triad • Three equally spaced hues on the wheel • Polychromatic • Many different hues
Color Combinations… • Achromatic • Neutral colors
Size • Measurement of amount of space that something occupies • Considerations… • Container • Accessories • Materials • Price • Value Big Little
Review the Elements of Design… • What is positive and negative space? • What are the ten floral arrangement forms? • What is the difference between texture and pattern? • What is the difference between analogous and complementary colors?
References • http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/floriculture/container-garden/lesson/design.html • http://www.floraldesigninstitute.com/page004.09.02.00.htm • http://www.colorcube.com/articles/theory/glossary.htm • http://www.flower-arrangement-advisor.com/basic-arrangement-forms.html • www.aboutflowers.com • www.florists.ftd.com