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King Arthur

King Arthur

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King Arthur

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Presentation Transcript

  1. King Arthur Why?

  2. Political Weapon • Celts could/will rise again • Arthur is not dead – King will come again and create the paradise of Britain

  3. Review • Vortigen(5thcentury ruler of the Bretons) • Invites the Saxons (mercenaries) to help him fight rivals • Saxons get a foot hold and decide to stay • Britain /England • Angles/Saxons won – brought their tales of ancient kings and battles • Celts had their own tales – King Arthur?...Will come again and restore what was lost • Video (15:00)

  4. Beginnings of King Arthur Legend: • Vortigen (betrayer of the Britons) • Flees to the edge of the island • Builds a castle • Every morning, stones are scattered • Advisors – land is cursed, need to find the golden-haired boy with no father, sprinkle his blood on the land

  5. Merlin • Find the boy, he offers a prophecy for his life • Dig for a jar; two dragons / red, white • Fight • White (Saxons) flees / Red (Britons) wins • Hero will appear and Britain will rise again

  6. Arthur = Poetry/History Ancient Ways 20:26 Sword in the Stone (magic) Sword making Arthur = King

  7. Battle of Hastings • William Duke of Normandy / 1066 • Some Britons had immigrated to the continent / Brittany • Carried the Arthur stories

  8. History of the Kings of Britain • Geoffrey of Monmouth (1100’s) / Wales • Arthurs rests in Avalon (Glastonbury) • Henry II – to disprove • 1191 • Explosion of interest • Tourists • Welsh (Celtic/Briton) rallying cry

  9. King and Arthur and the Holy Grail • Chritien de Troyes, late 1100’s • French = courtly romance • Spiritual values • Perceval • Fisher King • Feast – vision • Lance and Grail • Quest 31:26-39:49

  10. Le Morted’Arthur • Sir Thomas Malory (1400’s) • Continued the romance tales

  11. Victorian Arthur • Symbol for Victorian Ideals • Darwin (new ways) – in • Nostalgia for the old ways • Link British Empire to Arthurian identity

  12. The Once and Future King • 52:46-56:36